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Virginia’s Elevation Framework Layer Upcoming LiDAR Projects and the Elevation FIAT. John Scrivani Geospatial Projects Manager VGIN Board Meeting April 7, 2010. www.vita.virginia.gov. 1. Virginia Geographic Information Network. Topics.

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virginia s elevation framework layer upcoming lidar projects and the elevation fiat

Virginia’s Elevation Framework Layer Upcoming LiDAR Projects and the Elevation FIAT

John Scrivani

Geospatial Projects Manager

VGIN Board Meeting

April 7, 2010

www.vita.virginia.gov

1

topics

Virginia Geographic Information Network

Topics
  • Framework Layers & Spatial Data Infrastructure (SDI)
  • Elevation Data – NED and Elevation for the Nation
  • Virginia LiDAR Projects
  • Elevation Framework Initiative Action Team (Elevation FIAT)
slide3
Spatial Data Infrastructure

Framework Layers (NSDI)

Geodetic control

Digital orthoimagery

Elevation

Transportation

Hydrography

Governmental Units

Cadastral

Presidential Executive Order 12906

April 1994

Virginia Geographic Information Network

why infrastructure
Why “Infrastructure”?

In the information age digitaldata is a basis for economic growth, public safety, public health, and environmental protection;

Akin to asphalt roadways, metal pipes and public buildings.

why framework
Why “Framework”?
  • "themes of geospatial data that are used by most GIS applications“ OMB Circular A-16

Framework layers are:

    • Needed for many diverse purpose
    • Needed across all jurisdictions
    • Needed to be standardized and compatible
    • Too expensive to be created and used just once
    • Amenable to economies of scale
elevation
Elevation
  • distance measured upward along a plumb line between a point and the geoid (mean sea level)
  • a data layer representing the surface of the earth in a consistent fashion (datum, units, map projection)
  • Uses
    • Floodplain mapping, stream & watershed delineation
    • Engineering & construction
    • Real estate development
    • Pipeline and power line planning
    • Environmental analysis
  • Sources
    • Field surveys
    • Contour maps
    • Photogrammetric analysis of aerial photography
    • LiDAR
national elevation dataset
National Elevation Dataset
  • Coverage completed in 1997
  • Seamless grid of
    • 30 meter (1 arc-seconds)
    • 10 meter (1/3 arc-seconds)
    • 3 meter (1/9 arc-seconds)
  • Overall vertical accuracy (RMSE) 2.44 m
  • Most areas in Virginia based upon 1960’s or older data
elevation for the nation
Elevation for the Nation

A National Research Council committee in 2007

  • Foundthat existing elevation data are too old and lack required accuracy
  • Proposed a national program called Elevation for the Nation to parallel the existing Imagery for the Nation concept
  • Recommended that LiDAR be the primary technology
  • Recommended that elevation data should be stored in the National Elevation Dataset (NED)
  • Recommended that the database should include both the original LiDAR point cloud and the edited bare-earth DEM
lidar point cloud
LiDAR Point Cloud

Bare Earth DEM

Digital Surface Model

elevation data clearinghouses
Elevation Data Clearinghouses
  • Bare-earth DEM
    • NEDNational Elevation Dataset(USGS)
  • Point-cloud data
    • CLICKCenter for LiDAR Information Coordination and Knowledge (USGS)
existing contours from vbmp orthos
Existing Contours from VBMP Orthos
  • 2002, 2006/07 and 2009 VBMP orthophoto flights produced digital terrain models
  • Primary purpose was orthorectification of the aerial images
  • Can be used as input for further photogrammetric analysis to create contours (4-ft from 1-ft imagery and 2-ft from ½-ft imagery)

DTM – Digital Terrain Model

elevation fiat
Elevation FIAT
  • The first Framework Initiative Action Team (FIAT) arising from VGIN’s recently adopted 2010-2015 strategic plan
  • Implements Initiative 5 –Provide framework data layers
  • FIAT Tasks:
    • Conduct an inventory of existing elevation datasets
    • Recommend elevation data standards and best practices
    • Promote coordination and collaboration on the development of new elevation datasets
    • Promote data sharing and incorporate elevation data in the existing clearinghouses
thank you
Thank You!

Questions?