Flow Chart of Scientific Breakthroughs… Listen to lectures, complete flow chart as group using laminated sheets and answer “cards” Copy in notebook
William Harvey1578-1657 • English Doctor and Teacher • Blood circulates through the body. Heart is responsible for pumping blood. • “An Anatomical Treatise on the Movement of the Heart and Blood in Animals” (1628)
Nicolaus Copernicus1473-1543 • A Polish Canon - Founder of modern Astronomy. • Heliocentric galaxy - Earth turns on an axis and revolves around the sun. • “On the Revolution of the Celestial Spheres” • Impacted future discoveries of Galileo, Kepler, and Newton.
Andreas Vesalius1514-1564 • Flemish physician and anatomist. • Innovated study of human anatomy. • Challenged previous beliefs (Galen) that were based on dissection of animals. • Scientific knowledge is found by observing nature, not by reading ancient books. • “On the Structure of the Human Body” (marked dawn of modern science) Vesalius's ' contained many intricately detailed drawings of human dissections, often in allegorical poses. From his work on Epistola, Vesalius moved onto dissect more and more cadavers.
Galileo Galilei 1564-1653 • Italian Scientist – One of the most influential scientists of European history. • Discoveries: Law of inertia, invention of telescope, astronomical observations, proving Copernican hypothesis. • Perfected scientific method – careful, quantitative measurements.
Isaac Newton • English Scientist – Considered one of the greatest scientists in history. • Contributed to understanding of motion, gravity, heat, and light. • Created advanced system of mathematics (Calculus) • Discovered principle of gravity. (Apple falling while moon was visible) • “Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy”