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The Roman Empire. Economic Turmoil. Rome changed from republican government to dictator-ruled empire. The gap between rich and poor grew wider. Urban poor: Homeless/jobless soldiers from the countryside. Made up about ¼ of Roman society. . Military .

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economic turmoil
Economic Turmoil
  • Rome changed from republican government to dictator-ruled empire.
  • The gap between rich and poor grew wider.
  • Urban poor: Homeless/jobless soldiers from the countryside. Made up about ¼ of Roman society.
military
Military
  • Soldiers change loyalty from citizens working for the republic
  • Soldiers fought for pay and owed allegiance only to their commander.
  • Making it possible for commanders to do what?
julius caesar
Julius Caesar
  • Wealthy military leader who was elected consul.
  • Triumvirate: Group of three leaders who dominated Rome for 10 years. (Julius Caesar, Crassus, and Pompey.
  • Became governor of Gaul
  • Rival= Pompey who fled Rome when Caesar marched his legion to Rome.
julius named dictator
Julius named dictator
  • Named dictator for life in 44 BCE –absolute ruler.
  • Expanded the Senate adding friends.
  • Creating jobs through new public building projects.
  • Senate concern over his power/fame= Stabbed to death in the senate chamber.
roman empire
Roman Empire
  • Augustus: Ruler after Civil wars broke out
  • PaxRomana: Roman Peace
    • Leads to Christianity in Rome
  • Stabilized frontier, glorified public buildings, Stabilized government
  • Agriculture/Trade: became the most important industry in the empire.
    • Common coinage called denarius
society
Society
  • Slaves=conquered people brought back by Roman soldiers. Working both in the city/farm
  • Gods/Goddesses: Divine spirits resided all around them.
    • Government/religion linked= Symbols of the state