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Jekyll and Hyde Big ideas for annotation & discussion
Big Ideas for annotation • Characteristics of Gothic/Victorian style writing: • Author’s influences – childhood, Edinburg & New Town • Themes: • Duality of human nature • Importance of reputation • Rational vs. supernatural • Erosion of language – silence
Chapters 1 – 3 • Euphemism: • Incident with the girl – what might have really happened? • Protecting one’s reputation • Mysteries? • girl • Will, • Jekyll tells Utterson “I would trust you before any man alive • Ay, before myself”? • What characteristics make it seem like a detective novel • (who seems to be the detective?) • Hyde’s ugliness – metaphysical? • Hidden crime, secret sins – Utterson’s dream sequence • Dr. Lanyon labeling Jekyll’s experiments as balderdash – foreshadowing?
Chapters 4-7 • Structure of Victorian Society (beginning of Chapter 4) • Connection between setting and mood- gothic elements • Poole (role in conflict, plot, suspense) • Jekyll’s behavioral changes • Lanyon’s death • Mysteries • Silences • Isolationism • Characteristics of a Victorian gentlemen
Chapter 8- big ideas • Chapter used to show just how far removed from the truth Utterson remains - • proof • Who is more in touch with reality • Upkeep of appearances – how shown • Meaning and proof of Utterson’s avoidance of taking action - analyze • Utterson seems to have a premonition that awaits him in the laboratory- what • would be the results? • Stevenson seems to comment on larger Victorian mentality – • Gothic novels depend upon geography for power - analyze
Chapters 9 big ideas • Chapter 9 • Why did Jekyll select Lanyon – proof? • Silence – what is it owed to • Lanyon retreats within himself • In what ways Lanyon is similar to Enfield and Utterson? - proof • Stevenson’s offers a vivid description, detailed language and imagery to lend • immediacy to supernatural events – analyze word choice
Chapter 10 Big Ideas • The fact that Hyde is smaller – analyze • How is this contradictory to Hyde’s strength? • Jekyll’s repetition of the claim that his goal was to liberate his light half from his darker impulses – irony? • Jekyll’s attempt at self justification – taking responsibility? • The darker half of the man has the upper hand, even when he is Jekyll and not Hyde • Stevenson suggests the immensity of humanity’s dark impulses, which conscience can barely hold in • check. • Details of the story’s horrors still remain obscure- erosion of language