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Country Music

Country Music. Folk music European and African roots Appalachian Mountains String band music. 1920s—first country records produced 78s String bands Carter Family Jimmie Rodgers Popularity of radio Early stations WLS Chicago WSB Atlanta WSM Nashville

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Country Music

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  1. Country Music Folk music European and African roots Appalachian Mountains String band music

  2. 1920s—first country records produced • 78s • String bands • Carter Family • Jimmie Rodgers • Popularity of radio • Early stations • WLS Chicago • WSB Atlanta • WSM Nashville • No format; much variety; irregular hours

  3. Cumberland Ridge Runners

  4. Carter Family

  5. Jimmie Rodgers

  6. Grand Ole Opry • 1925 • WSM 650AM • Nashville, TN • Radio barn dance • Old-time country music • Ryman Auditorium (1943-1974) • World’s longest-running radio show

  7. Golden Age (1930s-40s) • String bands • Uncle Dave Macon • Singing cowboys • Bob Wills—western swing • Roy Acuff • Honky Tonk (1940s-50s) • Post-WWII, modernization • Ernest Tubb • Hank Williams, Sr.

  8. Western Swing • Texas, Oklahoma • Dance halls • String band + jazz orchestra • Bob Wills, Tex Williams, Spade Cooley

  9. Bluegrass (c.1945) • “folk music in overdrive” • Acoustic • Banjo, fiddle, mandolin, guitar, bass • Bill Monroe • Lester Flatt • Earl Scruggs

  10. Rock & Roll (c.1955) • New, fresh, rebellious • Appealed to youth, young adults • Country sales dropped

  11. Nashville Sound (late 1950s-1960s) • Slick production • Cookie-cutter sound • Orchestras and choirs replaced fiddles and banjos • Subtle, subdued, pop-flavored

  12. Patsy Cline – “Crazy”

  13. Bakersfield (1960s) • California • Stripped-down honky tonk • Buck Owens and Merle Haggard • Return to a more country sound • Hee Haw (1969) • CBS • Opry-inspired

  14. Buck Owens – “Love’s Gonna Live Here”

  15. Merle Haggard – “The Fightin’ Side of Me”

  16. Tammy Wynette – “Stand By Your Man”

  17. Countrypolitan (late 1960s-70s) • Pop sound • Aimed at mainstream pop radio (Top 40) • Newer version of Nashville Sound • Charlie Rich • Lynn Anderson • Glen Campbell

  18. Glen Campbell “Wichita Lineman”

  19. Country Rock (late 1960s) • Rock musicians playing country • Gram Parsons • International Submarine Band • The Byrds • Sweetheart of the Rodeo (1968) • Flying Burrito Brothers • The Eagles

  20. Flying Burrito Brothers “Christine’s Tune”

  21. Outlaw Country (1970s) • DIY attitude • Rebellious, irreverent, rowdy • Austin, TX • Willie Nelson • Waylon Jennings • Hank Williams, Jr. • David Allan Coe • Wanted: Outlaws (1976)

  22. Flying Burrito Brothers “Christine’s Tune”

  23. Waylon Jennings – “Good Hearted Woman”

  24. New Traditionalists (1980s) • Return to a more country sound, look • George Strait • The Judds • Randy Travis • Ricky Skaggs • Keith Whitley • Dwight Yoakam

  25. Garth Brooks & Reba McEntire • Rose to popularity in 1980s • Huge crossover appeal • Gigantic stage shows w/pyrotechnics, costumes, choreography, etc. • Far-reaching media exposure • Billions and billions of awards, gold records, etc.

  26. Modern Country

  27. Fender Telecaster

  28. Nudie

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