What is Engineering?CONCEPTS • Science is the study of the natural world, while technology is the study of how humans develop new products to meet needs and wants. • Teams of people can accomplish more than one individual working alone.
Introduction to Engineering • Scientists investigate • Engineers create • Technologies = products and processes created by an engineer and often used by a scientist • Knowledge of science and math is necessary for the creation of new technologies
What is Engineering?CONCEPTS • Technological change is illustrated through inventions, innovations, and the evolution of technological artifacts, processes, and systems. • Technology can have both positive and negative consequences – social, cultural, economical, political, and environmental consequences.
What is Engineering?CONCEPTS • Engineers, designers, and engineering technologists are needed in high demand for the development of future technology to meet societal needs and wants. • An engineering notebook is used to record original ideas or designs. • A portfolio is an organized collection of best works.
What is Engineering?Key Terms • Agriculture The raising of crops and animals for food, feed, fiber, fuel, or other useful products. • Artifact A human-made object. • Biotechnology All technology connected with plant and animal life.
What is Engineering?Key Terms • Communication The transmission of information through a common system of symbols, signs, behavior, speech, writing, or signals • Construction The act or process of building, erecting, or constructing buildings, roads, or other structures • Energy The ability to do work; one of the basic resources used by a technological system
What is Engineering?Key Terms • Engineering Using technological and scientific knowledge to solve practical problems • Environment The surroundings in which a person, animal, or plant lives • Ergonomics The study of workplace equipment design or how to arrange and design devices, machines, or workspace so that people and things interact safely and most efficiently
What is Engineering?Key Terms • Industrial Of, relating to, or resulting from industry • Invention A new product, system, or process that has never existed before, created by study and experimentation • Innovation An improvement of an existing technological product, system, or method of doing something
What is Engineering?Key Terms • Manufacturing The process of making a raw material into a finished product; especially in large quantities • Math The science of patterns and order and the study of measurement, properties, and the relationships of quantities using numbers and symbols
What is Engineering?Key Terms • Nanotechnology The science and technology of building devices, such as electronic circuits, from single atoms and molecules • Process Human activities used to create, invent, design, transform, produce, control, maintain, and use products or systems; a sequence of actions that combines resources to produce an output
What is Engineering?Key Terms • Science The study of our natural world through observation, identification, description, experimental investigation, and theoretical explanations • System A group of interacting, interrelated, or interdependent elements/parts that function together as a whole to accomplish a goal
What is Engineering?Key Terms • Technology The way people use resources to meet their wants and needs • Transportation The process by which passengers or goods are moved or delivered from one place to another
What is Engineering?Essential Questions • What is the purpose of a portfolio for a student? • What is the purpose of a portfolio for an engineer? • Why is it important for engineers to document their work in their engineering notebook?
What is Engineering?Essential Questions • List some ways our lives are affected by engineers? • What is the difference between an invention and an innovation? • How does the use of technology affect the way that you live?
Introduction to Engineering: What Do Engineers Do?
What is Science? What is Technology? What is Engineering? What is Mathematics? What is STEM?
Scientists Investigate our natural world Technologists Apply science and math to designs STEM Working together to solve problems based on societal needs and wants Mathematicians Use numbers and symbols to solve problems Engineers Create our designed world
PHYSICAL NEEDS: • Basic shelter • Basic clothing • Can you think of more? Needs and Wants… What are our human needs? PHYSICAL NEEDS: • BIOLOGICAL NEEDS: • Water • Food • Can you think of more? • PSYCHOLOGICAL NEEDS: • Family • Friends • Can you think of more?
Needs and Wants… What are our human wants? • PHYSICAL WANTS: • Nice house • Nice car • Nice clothes • Can you think of more? • BIOLOGICAL WANTS: • Fresh water • Fancy food • Healthy living • Can you think of more? • PSYCHOLOGICAL WANTS: • Talk with family • See friends • Entertainment • Can you think of more?
Engineering Engineering uses scientific, technological, and mathematical knowledge to solve practical problems.
Engineers Do Many Things • Invent – Develop a new product, system, or process that has never existed before • Innovate – Improve an existing technological product, system, or method Invent Build Design Analyze Orchestrate Create Conceive Evaluate Improve
Engineers Work to Solve Many Kinds of Problems • An electrical engineer may design a GPS system for your vehicle. • A pharmaceutical/chemical engineer may find a cure for disease. • A computer engineer may build a computer the size of your watch. • A mechanical engineer may create a robot to discover water on a planet. • An agricultural engineer may evaluate the effects of global warming on food production. Engineers make our lives better
Discussion Questions • What product or system would make your life better? • Would this be considered an invention or an innovation? • What types of engineers might work on this project?
Image Resources Microsoft, Inc. (2008). Clip Art. Retrieved September 10, 2008, from http://office.microsoft.com/en-us/clipart/default.aspx