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On a piece of paper…. Are governments necessary? Why or why not? Take a stance, and jot down 5 reasons supporting your opinion. Get with a partner (someone sitting near you…do not leave your assigned desk)

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on a piece of paper
On a piece of paper….

Are governments necessary? Why or why not?

Take a stance, and jot down 5 reasons supporting your opinion.

slide2

Get with a partner (someone sitting near you…do not leave your assigned desk)

  • Keeping in mind our island activity, come up with 2 reasons we have government in place.
  • When you have come up with 2 reasons, send one member of your partnership up to the board and record your answers.
why do we have governments
Why Do We Have Governments?

A government has four main purposes:

  • Maintain social order
  • Provide public services
  • Provide national security
  • Make economic decisions
4 essential features of a state
4 Essential Features of a State
  • Population
  • Territory
  • Sovereignty – state has supreme or absolute authority within its boundaries
  • Government
state vs nation
State vs. Nation
  • A State is a political community that occupies a definite territory, and has an organized government with the power to make and enforce laws. Concrete Systems.
  • A Nation is a large group of people who are united by a common bond of race, language, customs, tradition, and/or religion. Cultural Connections.
constitutions and government
Constitutions and Government
  • Constitution – plan that provides rules for government
    • Establishes structure and power of government
    • Provides supreme law of country
government systems who has the power
Government Systems- Who has the Power?
  • Unitary – central government holds most or all of the power and makes most of the government decisions
    • Most governments throughout the world are unitary
    • Ex. Great Britain, Italy
government systems who has the power1
Government Systems – Who has the Power?
  • Confederation – Power is held mainly by the states or local authorities
    • States make decisions and central government depends on them
    • Ex. Canada, Switzerland
government systems who has the power2
Government Systems – Who has the Power?
  • Federal System – sharing of the power between the central and local/state units
    • Central government and local governments ‘split’ the powers
    • USA, Mexico
descriptions of government can be based on
Descriptions of Government can be based on:
  • Economy- who/what provides the goods and services that are bought and used?
  • Politics- how is the government run?
  • Authority- who picks the government?
governments based on economy
Governments based on Economy
  • Capitalism – people own their own businesses and property, the government only exist to maintain order through laws
    • Ex – Russia
governments based on economy1
Governments based on Economy
  • Socialism – a system where the government owns many larger companies, provides education and welfare, but allows citizens limited economic choices
    • Ex Norway, former USSR
governments based on economy2
Governments based on Economy
  • Communism – government owns all business and farms, and provides citizens with education, healthcare, and welfare
  • Everything is collectively owned – moneyless, classless, and stateless
  • Ex. Cuba, China
governments based on politics
Governments based on Politics

Autocracy – power and authority to rule are in the hands of one single person

  • Ex. North Korea
governments based on politics1
Governments based on Politics
  • Dictatorship – rule by a single leader who may use force to keep control
  • Little or no attention to public opinion or individual rights
    • Ex. North Korea
governments based on politics2
Governments based on Politics
  • Totalitarian – rule by a single political party, people are forced to do what the government tells them to do
  • Government seeks to control all aspects of your life
    • Ex. China
government based on politics
Government based on Politics
  • Theocracy – a form of government where rulers claim to be ruling on behalf of a set of religious ideals, or as a direct agent of a deity
    • Ex. Iran
governments based on politics3
Governments based on Politics
  • Monarchy – king, queen, or emperor has supreme power of government
  • Ex. Jordan
    • Absolute monarchs – unlimited power to rule
    • Constitutional monarchs – monarchs share power with elected legislature, mainly ceremonial leaders (ex. Great Britain, Sweden, Japan)
governments based on politics4
Governments based on Politics
  • Parliamentary –executive and legislative powers are both held by an elected assembly or Parliament
    • Executive branch and legislative branch meet together to create laws
    • Prime Minister is head of the executive branch
governments based on politics5
Governments based on Politics
  • Republic – a republic is led by representatives of the voter
  • Sovereignty (power) lies in EACH INDIVIDUAL
  • Ex USA
governments based on politics6
Governments based on Politics
  • Anarchy – society without an enforced government OR a violently enforced political government
    • Ex. Syria, Egypt
governments based on authority
Governments based on Authority
  • Oligarchy – government where small group holds power
  • Power comes from wealth, education, religion, or political party
  • Ex. Pakistan
governments based on authority1
Governments based on Authority
  • Democracy – rule is by the people
  • Government is elected by the people
    • “Government of the people, for the people, by the people” (Abraham Lincoln)
governments based on authority2
Governments based on Authority
  • Direct Democracy – people govern themselves by voting on issues individually, meet regularly to discuss key issues
  • Representative or indirect democracy – people elect representatives and give them power to make laws and conduct government, power lies with MAJORITY
characteristics of democracy
Characteristics of Democracy
  • Individual liberty
  • Majority rule- requirement that a majority is required to make a decision
  • Free elections
  • Competing political parties
    • Political Party – group of people with common interests or goals who organize to nominate candidates for office, conduct government, and determine public policy
warm up fold a sheet of notebook paper in half
Warm Up – Fold a sheet of notebook paper in half
  • On the top half a sheet of paper, define and illustrate the following terms:
    • Federal System
    • Unitary
    • Confederation
  • On the bottom half:
    • List the 4 reasons we have government

***No notebooks or books should be out! Do not use a partner for help until directed!