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The Phrase. A phrase is a group of related words that is used as a single part of speech and does not contain a verb and its subject. h as been sitting (no subject, only verb) a bout you and me (prepositional phrase). Practice. Phrase or not? 1. was hoping 2. if she really knows

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A phrase is a group of related words that is used as a single part of speech and does not contain a verb and its subject.

  • has been sitting (no subject, only verb)
  • about you and me (prepositional phrase)
practice
Practice
  • Phrase or not?
  • 1. was hoping
  • 2. if she really knows
  • 3. with Alice and me
  • 4. will be writing
  • 5. inside the house
  • 6. since Donna wrote
  • 7. after they leave
  • 8. has been cleaned
  • 9. on Lotte’s desk
  • 10. as the plane lands
prepositional phrases
Prepositional phrases
  • A prepositional phrase is a group of words beginning with a preposition and ending with a noun or pronoun.
  • Instead of a picnic
  • Behind our house
  • Under the sea
the adjective phrase
The Adjective Phrase
  • Prepositional phrases are used in sentences mainly as adjectives and adverbs (telling more about the subject or verb). Prepositional phrases used as adjectives are called Adjective Phrases.
  • The membersof the clubwant sweatshirts with the club emblem.
adjective phrase
Adjective Phrase
  • The horse with the white blaze on its face broke loose.
  • The bottle of vitamins on the shelf is mine.
  • You try:
  • We bought a new porch swing.
  • The St. Louis arch is a well-known landmark.
  • We need to get a new dog chain.
the adverb phrase
The Adverb Phrase
  • When a prepositional phrase is used as an adverb to tell when, where, how, how much, or how far, it is called an Adverb Phrase. Also, this prep. Phrase will tell more about the verb.
  • She sailed across the lake.
  • During summers, my older sister works at the museum.
the adverb phrase1
The Adverb Phrase
  • She sailed across the lake.
  • Mother is good at tennis but better at volleyball.
  • You Try: Identify the adverb phrase and the words they modify:
  • In the morning, my friends and I drove to Lincoln Park.
  • Later in the day, we walked around the park.
  • This monument shows humanity as it marches through time.
diagramming prep phrases
Diagramming Prep Phrases
  • The prep phrase is placed on a slanted line leading down from the word that the phrase modifies:
  • By chance, a peasant uncovered a wall of ancient Pompeii.