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Renaissance. 1400 - 1600. Facts. Renaissance is the French word for rebirth It was a rebirth of interest in classical learning Painters studied works of Greece and Rome Printing press was invented Explorers brought Europeans in contact with other parts of the world

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renaissance

Renaissance

1400 - 1600

facts
Facts
  • Renaissance is the French word for rebirth
  • It was a rebirth of interest in classical learning
  • Painters studied works of Greece and Rome
  • Printing press was invented
  • Explorers brought Europeans in contact with other parts of the world
  • Trade and commerce created large wealthy middle class
  • The Renaissance style of painting began with Italy then spread to other parts of Europe.
  • The Catholic Church was the most concept important patron
  • Religion was the most important subject of the time
  • Oil painting was invented
  • Canvas allowed painters to roll and transport works, so the buying and selling of art grew.
  • Italian architect and sculptor developed the mathematical rules of linear or scientific perspective
  • Grand subject matter, bright, pure colors, and formal composition
masaccio the madonna of humility
MasaccioThe Madonna of Humility

Artist:

  • Considered to be the founder of Renaissance painting
  • 26 or 27 when he died
  • 1st painter to use techniques of linear perspective
  • Many works were frescoes on church walls.
  • It is said, people ran out in fear when they saw his painting, “The Holy Trinity”, because they believed they were really seeing Jesus on the Cross. They weren’t used to such realism.
  • Used a single light source.
  • Painting:
  • Light shines from top and front
  • Tempera on wood panel
  • Symbols= Blue is purity and holiness.
  • Gold-Gods presence
  • Red- high status.
  • Haloes- holiness (even on dove)
  • Dove-the holy spirit.
  • Rays of light from dove- holy
  • Spirit flowing down on Madonna
master of the saint lucy legend mary queen of heaven
Master of the Saint Lucy LegendMary, Queen of Heaven

Artist:

  • We don’t know the artist’s name so it given title of " Master of” one of the works he is known for.
  • Created 30 works about the life of Saint Lucy.
  • Paintings include oval faces with reserved expressions, intense color, elaborate detail of texture.

Paintings:

  • Decorated church altar, 6’x5’= large
  • Crowded with figures and activity
  • Color moves us through the paintings
  • Red of gown draws attention to Mary.
  • Vertical line of gown draws our attention upwards to God and Jesus.
  • Contrast of greens set Mary apart.
  • White gowns keep our eyes moving.
  • Formal composition helps emphasize to the main subject, Mary.
  • Musical instruments are accurate representations of instruments during the artist time.
  • Sheet music in detail so you can read notes.
  • A dove above Mary’s crown.
filippino lippi saint jerome in his study
Filippino LippiSaint Jerome in his Study

Artist

  • Filippino means little Filippo
  • Son of a famous artist
  • One of his first commissions was to finish works that Masaccio didn’t finish before his death, and you couldn’t tell which was which.

Paintings

  • St. Jerome known for translating the Bible into Latin
  • Smooth painting on wood panel. Can’t see brush strokes
  • Lines on the table are actually cut in into the wood.
  • Horizontal and vertical lines organize the composition and separates the viewer from the subject, keeping us apart from this holy and important man.
  • Straight lines contrast with the curves in the robe
  • Contrast of lines and texture adds interest
  • Red and neutral tones
albrecht durer portrait of a clergyman
Albrecht Durer Portrait of a Clergyman
  • Artist:
  • Son and grandson of goldsmiths
  • German
  • Scholar, poet, and one of the best woodcut engravers of all time.
  • Converted to Protestant religion ,but still had Catholic patrons.
  • First artist to do a series of self portraits. Earliest work was a self portrait at the age of 13.
  • Gives great attention to detail and realism.
  • Portraits famed for accuracy, a sense of character, and personality
  • Liked to experiment with materials. Worked on linen and silk sometimes.
  • First to use watercolor seriously.
  • Painting:
  • On parchment (animal skin) which adds to the smoothness and richness of color.
  • Position an expression shows the man is more concerned with thoughts and religious goals than anything else.
  • Dark, plain clothing adds to the seriousness.
  • Great detail…can even see the reflection of window panes in the sitter’s eyes.
sebastiano del piombo anton francesco degli albizzi
Sebastiano del PiomboAnton Francesco degli Albizzi

Artist:

  • Italian
  • Considered most gifted portrait painter in Rome.
  • Del Piombo refers to his appointment for the Catholic Pope as the keeper of the Papal seals. The seals are made of lead which is “piombo” in Italian.
  • After his appointment to this well paying position, he became less active as a painter.

Painting:

  • 3xs the size of Durer’s portrait and also different because of clothing, pose, and texture.
  • Albizzi, a wealthy Florentine nobleman, commissioned this work as a record of his social status and power as well as his appearance.
  • ¾ length portriat
  • Vertical lines of the fur trim suggests strength and power.
  • Elaborate robe and rich fabric indicates wealth.
  • Pose suggests he feels more important than other people.
paolo veronese the annunciation
Paolo VeroneseThe Annunciation

Artist:

  • Called Veronese because his is from the city of Verona.

Real name is Paolo Caliari.

  • Considered to be one of the greatest Venetion painters of the 16th century.
  • Venice painters emphasized light and color
  • Questioned by the Inquisition because the felt he added too many unsuitable details and improper figures ina painting of the last supper, so they renamed it to a less Important feast.

Painting:

  • An altarpiece half as large a Mary, Queen of Heaven. Probably meant for a private chapel.
  • Shows Mary hearing from the angel, Gabriel, about bearing Jesus.
  • The architecture is from the artist’s time, but the clothing is from theirs.
  • Flickering effects of light, shadow, and muted shimmering colors are typical of the Veronese style.
  • Curving lines of clothing separate Mary and Gabriel from their surroundings giving them our attention.
  • Solid forms and architecture suggests permanence and order.
el greco saint martin and the beggar
El Greco Saint Martin and the Beggar

Artist:

  • Spanish, but born on the island of Crete.
  • El Greco means “the Greek”
  • Most subjects were religious
  • Used dark outlining to define figures and add drama
  • Famous during lifetime, but fell out of fashion. Took over 300 years before his art was recognized again.
  • Figures are elongated and stretched.

Painting:

  • St Martin was a Calvary officer serving under Constantine the Great. He came upon a beggar in the cold and gave him half of his cloak. Christ appeared to him in a dream and told him. “What you have done for him, you have done for me.”
  • 6’ x 3’
  • Point of View is like we are looking up at them making them larger
  • Used deliberate distortion to create a spiritual or “other worldly” impression
  • Used variety of brush strokes from detailed to loose