Expresiones afirmativas y negativas
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Expresiones Afirmativas y Negativas. -Señora Scerbo. AFFIRMATIVE AND NEGATIVE WORDS. In Spanish, special words are used to talk about indefinite or negative situations. AFFIRMATIVE AND NEGATIVE WORDS. The following words are used to talk about indefinite situations: Algo something

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Affirmative and negative words
AFFIRMATIVE AND NEGATIVE WORDS

  • In Spanish, special words are used to talk about indefinite or negative situations.


Affirmative and negative words1
AFFIRMATIVE AND NEGATIVE WORDS

  • The following words are used to talk about indefinite situations:

    Algo something

    Alguien someone

    Algún/Alguno(a) some


Affirmative and negative words2
AFFIRMATIVE AND NEGATIVE WORDS

  • Here are some more words to talk about indefinite situations:

    Siempre always

    También also


Affirmative and negative words3
AFFIRMATIVE AND NEGATIVE WORDS

  • The following words are used to talk about negative situations:

    Nada nothing

    Nadie no one

    Ningún/Ninguno(a) none, not any


Affirmative and negative words4
AFFIRMATIVE AND NEGATIVE WORDS

  • Here are some more words to talk about negative situations:

    Nunca never

    Tampoco neither/either


Affirmative and negative words5
AFFIRMATIVE AND NEGATIVE WORDS

  • Alguno(a) and ninguno(a) have different forms depending on the kind of words with which they are used.


Affirmative and negative words6
AFFIRMATIVE AND NEGATIVE WORDS

  • Alguno and ninguno must agree in gender with the noun they replace or accompany.


Affirmative and negative words7
AFFIRMATIVE AND NEGATIVE WORDS

  • When alguno and ninguno are followed by a masculine singular noun use:

    Algún

    ningún

    *This should remind you of ordinal numbers

    Soy el primero en la fila (I am the first in line.)

    Vivo en el primer piso. (I live on the first floor.)


Affirmative and negative words8
AFFIRMATIVE AND NEGATIVE WORDS

  • Make alguno and ninguno match with the following nouns:

    Chico

    Libros

    Puerta

    Mesas

(Answers on next slide)


Affirmative and negative words9
AFFIRMATIVE AND NEGATIVE WORDS

  • Make alguno and ninguno match with the following nouns:

    Chico

    Libros

    Puerta

    Mesas

Algún chico/ ningún chico

Algunos libros/ ningunos libros

Alguna puerta/ ninguna puerta

Algunas mesas/ ningunas mesas


Affirmative and negative words10
AFFIRMATIVE AND NEGATIVE WORDS

  • In Spanish, when the word “no” comes before the verb, the words that follow the verb must also be negative. A double negative is required when “no” is placed before the verb.


Affirmative and negative words11
AFFIRMATIVE AND NEGATIVE WORDS

  • Double negative:

  • Yo no como nada para el almuerzo.

    I’m not eating anything for lunch.

  • ¡Tú no cierras ninguna puerta!

    You don’t close any(not one) door!

  • A ella no le gusta trabajar con nadie.

    She doesn’t like wirking with anyone.


Affirmative and negative words12
AFFIRMATIVE AND NEGATIVE WORDS

  • If a negative word, like nuncaor nadie, preceeds the verb the double negative is not used.

    Yonuncacanto.

    Ineversing.

    Nadie en la clasehablaitaliano.

    No one in class speaks Italian.


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