slide1 n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Second Tier Cities in Age of Austerity: Why Invest Beyond the Capitals? PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Second Tier Cities in Age of Austerity: Why Invest Beyond the Capitals?

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 34

Second Tier Cities in Age of Austerity: Why Invest Beyond the Capitals? - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 90 Views
  • Uploaded on

Second Tier Cities in Age of Austerity: Why Invest Beyond the Capitals?. Professor Michael Parkinson CBE EU Open Days, Brussels, 2012. Second Tier Cities - 4 Questions. Who are we? 2. What are we trying to do? 3. How are we doing it? 4. What messages?. 1. Who Are We?. Partners EIUA

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Second Tier Cities in Age of Austerity: Why Invest Beyond the Capitals?' - mirari


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
slide1

Second Tier Cities in Age of Austerity:

Why Invest Beyond the Capitals?

Professor Michael Parkinson CBE

EU Open Days, Brussels, 2012

slide2

Second Tier Cities - 4 Questions

  • Who are we?
    • 2. What are we trying to do?
    • 3. How are we doing it?
    • 4. What messages?
slide3

1. Who Are We?

  • Partners
  • EIUA
    • MRI Budapest
    • University of Tampere
    • Advisers
    • University College London
    • University of Paris
slide4

2. What Trying to Do?

  • Answers to
  • What contribution capital & second tier cities national, EU performance?
  • Which punch weight nationally & Europe, how and why?
  • What territorial impact & implications crisis?
  • Who does what better, differently in future?
  • What are second tiers?
  • Larger non-capital performance affects national economy. Agreed EU OECD metro region boundaries
slide5

2. What Trying to Do?

  • Test key arguments:
  • Decentralisation powers & resources, deconcentration investment
  • higher performing economies
    • Better second tiers - better national and European economies
  • Relationship capital & second tiers win-win, not zero sum
    • National policies for second tiers crucial
    • Critical success factors – innovation, diversity, human capital, connectivity, place quality, strategic governance capacity
    • Territorial governance & place matter more not less global economy
slide6

2. What Trying to Do?

  • Reflect policy concerns DG Regio & 5th Cohesion Report
  • What performance second tiers , what gap capitals, what direction change?
    • What policy debate member states?
    • How gap seen, competitiveness or cohesion, explicit or implicit, any concern territorial impact?
    • What impact national policy for second tiers - greater targeting, increased capacity, more powers & resources, fewer constraints?
slide7

3. How Doing It?

  • Research & policy literature – performance, policies, prospects
    • Quantitative data 124 second tiers , 31 capitals
    • Interviews - European, national policy makers, private sector
    • E-questionnaire
    • 9 case studies – Tampere, Cork, Leeds, Lyon, Turin, Munich, Barcelona, Katowice, Timisoara
slide8

4. What Messages?

  • Performance cities crucial to competitiveness
  • Economic contribution capital & second tier varies
  • Capitals dominate - but size gap varies & some cases falling
  • Capitals dominate national economy more in east than west
  • Many second tiers growing contribution national prosperity
  • Some second tiers outperform capital
slide9

4. What Messages?

  • Baseline
  • Gap capitals & second tiers big
slide10

Few Exceptions - Top Secondary Outperforms Capital:

Germany, Austria, Italy, Belgium, Ireland

slide11

Top Secondary Lags Capital by 5-20%:

Spain, UK, Netherlands, France

slide12

Top Secondary Lags Capital by 20-30%:

Denmark, Poland, Sweden, Finland, Portugal

slide13

Top Secondary Lags Capital by 30-45%:

Hungary, Romania, Lithuania, Greece, Czech Republic, Slovenia, Croatia

slide14

Top Secondary Lags Capital by 50-65%:

Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Slovakia

slide15

4. What Messages?

  • Change during boom
  • Some second tiers outperformed capitals
slide19

4. What Messages?

  • Governance matters
slide21

4. What Messages?

  • Greater Decentralisation
  • Greater Productivity Second Tiers
slide23

4. What Messages?

  • Capitals grow, regional inequality grows
  • Second tiers grow, regional inequality falls
slide25

4. What Messages?

  • Crisis is hurting
slide26

Change Unemployment Rates % NUTS 2 2007-10

Source: Bubbico & Dijkstra, 2011

slide28

4. What Messages?

Significant risk

slide29

4. What Messages?

  • RISK:
  • Crisis undermine achievements second tiers
  • Competition public & private investment widen gaps within second tiers
  • Competition widen gap between second tiers & capitals
  • Increased inequality across Europe & failure hit EU 2020 targets
slide30

4. What Messages?

Policy matters

slide31

4. What Messages?

  • Policy impact:
  • Countries concentrate attention resources capitals cost second tiers
  • Little explicit policy debate on relationship - most focus cohesion
  • But some beginning focus economic performance second tiers
  • Some national policies promoted urban competiveness - innovation, diversity, skills, connectivity, place quality, governance.
  • Some policies helped second tiers develop
  • Cities better countries less political centralisation & economic concentration, & cities greater powers, resources & responsibilities.
  • Some cities helped national economy perform better
slide32

4. What Messages?

  • Policy implications and prospects:
  • Relationship capital secondary not zero sum but win-win
  • Diseconomies scale suggest governments encourage development second tier cities to complement capital
  • Second tiers could absorb growth from capital when costs to it outweigh benefits
  • Little demand artificially limit capitals contribution national prosperity
  • Increase national economic pie - encouraging second tiers not kill golden goose capital
slide33

4. What Messages?

  • Policy implications & prospects – investment in age austerity:
  • Number second tiers country sustain depends size, level development
  • Smaller countries & East less scope develop second tier cities
  • But policy aim should still be more high performing second tiers
  • Government territorial investment decisions more explicit
  • Deconcentration, decentralisation, policy focus second tiers helps
  • EU greater focus territory - economic place making
slide34

4. What Messages?

  • More systematic national policies second tier cities
  • EU continue investment new member states
  • Maximise territorial impact national policies competitiveness
  • Decentralise responsibilities & resources, deconcentrate investment.
  • Territorial economic governance at scale
  • Encourage financial innovation
  • Greater transparency territorial investment strategies
  • Mainstream money & policies matter most not urban initiatives
  • Invest second tiers when (i) gap capital big, growing; (ii) weak business infrastructure because underinvestment (iii) negative externalities capital