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London Taxi and Private Hire. Accessible taxis and PHVs Tom Moody. September 2013. As part of TfL we…. Taxis in London for over 300 years. Public Carriage Office founded 1850. TfL founded 2000. London Taxi and Private Hire today. Part of TfL Surface Transport

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London Taxi and Private Hire

Accessible taxis and PHVs

Tom Moody

September 2013



Taxis in London for over 300 years

Public Carriage Office founded 1850

TfL founded 2000


London Taxi and Private Hire today

  • Part of TfL Surface Transport

  • TfL’s main role is to implement the Mayor's Transport Strategy and manage transport services across for London

  • 150 members of staff


Taxis and PHVs - What’s the difference?

Taxis: traditional ‘black cabs’

  • can ply for hire on street or at ranks or pre-booked through a radio circuit or smartphone app

  • fares regulated and set by TfL - fare calculated by meter

  • all vehicles wheelchair accessible with additional accessibility features

  • not all taxis are black


Taxis and PHVs - What’s the difference?

Private Hire Vehicles

  • MUST be pre-booked through a licensed operator

  • no fare regulation - fares are typically distance based

  • wide range of vehicles available

  • services include minicabs, chauffeur and executive cars, limousines

  • cannot ply for hire or use taxi ranks

  • must not call themselves‘taxis’ or ‘cabs’


Taxis

22,000 vehicles

  • 2 manufacturers make models that meet the Conditions of Fitness

  • One year licence

  • Annual licensing inspections plus two MOTs per annum

  • 15 year age limit came into effect on 1 January 2012


Taxi Drivers

25,450 drivers

  • Three year licence

  • All drivers learn the Knowledge of London

  • Criminal record and medical checks on renewal

  • All drivers self employed

  • 60% of drivers own their own taxi

  • Required to wear badge and display identifiers


Taxi Fare Tariff

Tariff 1 Monday to Friday

06:00 - 20:00

Tariff 2 Monday to Friday

20:00 - 22:00

Saturday and Sunday

06:00 - 22:00

Tariff 3 Every night 22:00 - 06:00

Bank holidays


Licensing Private Hire

The Private Hire Vehicles (London) Act 1998

  • Three distinct licensing streams:

  • Operators

  • Drivers

  • Vehicles


Private Hire Operators

3,140 operators

  • Began August 2001

  • Five year licence

  • Two sizes – standard and small

  • Regular compliance visits


Private Hire Vehicle Drivers

67,200 drivers

  • Began June 2003

  • Three year licence

  • All drivers undergo topographical skills test

  • Criminal record and medical checks on renewal

  • Most drivers self-employed


Accessible London taxis

1985 - First wheelchair accessible cab approved for London

1989 - all newly licensed taxis in London must be capable of carrying a passenger in a wheelchair

2000 - all taxis licensed for use in London be capable of carrying a wheelchair

2007 – accessibility enhancements such as Induction loop hearing system, sight patches and colour contrasting grab handles


Accessible London taxis

  • Wheelchair accessibility

  • Every London taxi must be equipped in order that wheelchair passengers may be carried in their chair

  • Dimensions include:

  • Provision of a wheelchair ramp

  • Door entry

  • Door opening minimum 90 degrees

  • Manoeuvrability space within passenger compartment


Accessible London taxis

Wheelchair accessibility

  • Dimensions include:

  • Floor to ceiling height

  • Seating (flip up seats)

  • Designated area where wheelchair and passenger will be secured

  • Provision of wheelchair securing straps



Accessible London taxis

Additional accessibility features include

  • Induction loop system

  • Intercom system

  • Colour coded grab handles

  • Colour contrasting seat patches

  • Colour contrasting on upstand areas and flooring

  • Motion lock on doors


Accessible London PHVs

Approx 3000 in London


National position

  • No consistent approach

  • Currently national review

  • Mixed fleets however pressure to be wheelchair accessible within 10 years

  • Also pressure to develop and implement a nationwide programme of disability awareness training for drivers


Future London taxis

Number of vehicle manufacturers looking to bring new zero emission/zero emission capable London taxis


Questions?

www.tfl.gov.uk


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