Day 132 (3/19/10) • Warm-Up Turn in the CRCT prep book to page 108. We will review standard H7d, H8 today. Be sure to write the question and the correct answer in your review log. Answer questions 331,335,343,346,352,356,359. Home Work: Fifteen minutes studying your CRCT review log.
Standard • SS8H7 The student will evaluate key political, social, and economic changes that occurred in Georgia between 1877 and 1918. • SS8H8 The student will analyze the important events that occurred after World War I and their impact on Georgia.
Georgia Studies 1910’s World War I
Lesson 3: Georgia and the Great War • ESSENTIAL QUESTION: • How did World War I impact Georgia?
Causes of World War I • On June 28, 1914, an assassin gunned down Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria-Hungary • Austria-Hungary believed that Serbia's government was behind the assassination. • When the fighting began, France, Russia, and Great Britain backed Serbia. They opposed the Central Powers, made up of Austria-Hungary and Germany. • It seized the opportunity to declare war on Serbia and settle an old feud.
World War I1914-1918 • President Woodrow Wilson declared the US would be a neutral country.
Eugene Jacques Bullard • First black African American combat pilot – from Columbus, GA • Enlisted in French Foreign Legion: 1914 • Flew combat missions against Germany • US Army Air Force refused his services
The United States Enters the War • 1915: German submarine sank passenger ship Lusitania killing 128 Americans • 1917: sub attacks resumed sinking American cargo ships • Zimmerman Telegram: Germany tried to get Mexico to attack the US • Wilson finally joined the Allied powers
Georgia and World War I • ±100,000 Georgians volunteered to join the US armed forces • Training in Georgia at Camp Benning, Fort McPherson, Camp Gordon, and Camp Hancock helped Georgia economy • Georgians contributed manufactured goods and farm produce • 3,000 young Georgians killed in the war • On November 11, 1918, Germany surrendered ending what President Wilson called “the war to end all wars”
1910 - 1919 Which former president was a kid in 1919? Gerald Ford
The Sinking of the Titanic The Titanic was the unsinkable ship, so they said. On April 14, 1912 enormous icebergs were sighted in the direct path of the Titanic, but little did they know one of the icebergs was going to kill the majority of them. By 11:40 p.m. the iceberg had then done the damage, by scraping the edge. The Titanic's bow was under at 2:17am. Seeing chaos all over and panicked faces was a tragedy its self. At 3:00 am the Titanic had totally vanished. The sinking of the Titanic was a major event of the second decade. Facts about the Titanic Capacity was 3,547 people Length was 882.9 feet Width was 92.5 feet Weight was 46,328 tons There were 20 life boats 705 people survived 329 First Class survivors
Slang of the Decade 1. Cooties 1. untouchable 2. Duck soup 2. Really easy 3. Take a gander 3. Look at 4. Grifter 4. Con Artist 5. You’re such a heel 5. loser, jerk 6. Hoosegow or pokey 6. Jail, prison 7. Keen 7. Cool 8. Keep adding to it, increasing the cost 8. Nickel and dime you 9. Rinky dink 9. lame, run down, old
Facts to Know Population: 93,000,000 Average Salary: $750.00 a year Life expectancy: 51 female, 48 male 1/1000 divorces New York City – fastest growing city and center of US wealth Presidents: Robert Taft, Woodrow Wilson Music: Ballroom Decade, Ragtime, Blues, Jazz, Foxtrot, Tango Film – Birth of a Nation – controversial film that stereotyped blacks and increased prejudices
More to Know... Toys: Erector sets, Lincoln Logs, Tinker Toys Top Cities in 1910 - NYC (6.5 M) , Chicago (2.5M) , Philadelphia (2M), Boston (1.5M), Pittsburgh (930,000) Unemployed 2,150,000 National Debt: $1.15 billion Attendance: Movies 30 million per week Lynchings: 76 Divorce: 1/1000 Vacation: 12 day cruise $60 Milk $.32 / gallon Hamburger 2 lbs. .25 Ladies coat 12.50 Two big cans of pineapple .35 Picture show .10 Vacuum cleaner 5.00 Kewpie Dolls Raggedy Ann Dolls (1915)
Labor Unions continued to grow • Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire kills 145 female workers • minimum age law passed to limit child labor abuses • 18th amendment to start prohibition • 19th amendment ratified in 1919 giving women the right to vote
One of the sports heroes of 1910's was baseball player Ty Cobb of Royston, Georgia. One of the first 5 players named to the Baseball Hall of Fame. Best hitter and overall player of his time. Another sport hero of the 1910's was American Indian, Jim Thorpe. Way before Deion and Bo, Thorpe was one of the greatest Olympic athletes of all time and won several gold medals. He played football, baseball, and participated in several Olympic track and field events. SPORTS
A Vamp is a woman who flaunts her sexual charm, especially in order to exploit men. Theda Bara is an example from this decade. By the 20’s, vamps die out for innocent virgin heroines. VAMP
CARS Studebaker 1913 1915 Cadillac 1913 Marmon Speedster
World War I Songs Yankee Doodle Boy The Lanky Yankee Boys in Blue Over There Never Mind the Food Controller We Must All Fall In Ragtime Cowboy Joe
1914-1918 The Great War Americans neutral providing food and supplies only until 1917 Why fought? Serbia assassinates the Duke and Duchess of Austria/Hungary. High tensions between the nations of nationalism, imperialism, and militarism. Nations started to taking sides due to secret alliances. Allies: France, Britain, Russia, US, Italy Central Powers: Germany, Austria/Hungary, Turkey/Ottoman Empire
World War I • Results: • US Deaths – combat 53,513 Other 63,195 Cost: $18.7 billion • Germany would pay restitution for losses suffered by Allies, accept responsibility for the war, lose land, be limited in their military size, lose overseas colonies • US emerges as one of the most important world powers • Sets stage for WWII • Wartime laws that forbid people from speaking out against the gov’t. • Socialist and pacifists arrested for their actions
Woodrow Wilson’s plan for peace – Fourteen Points • End of secret agreements, freedom of the seas, free trade, limit on arms, principle of self-determination, form the League of Nations for world peacekeeping. • rejected by Senate because would lead to more distrust by American people of the gov’t., showed we shouldn’t have been involved in the war to start with, committed the US to help in future wars.
British machine gun section wearing anti-gas masks (GW) Although it is popularly believed that the German army was the first to use gas it was in fact initially deployed by the French. In the first month of the war, August 1914, they fired tear-gas grenades against the Germans. Nevertheless the German army was the first to give serious study to the development of chemical weapons and the first to use it on a large scale.
American Negro Machine Gunners in the Marne Sector in France In the trenches; a French Officer explaining operation of the hand grenades to Senegalese and American Negro soldiers.
Preparing to "hop the bags" outside Beaumont Hamel. 1st Battalion, Lancashire Fusliers. 1-Jul-1916. War Propaganda Poster
The Panama Canal Panama Canal opens in 1914. Biggest problems – malaria, yellow fever, digging through mountains, system of locks and pumps, landslides
The Lusitania an ocean liner on its 202 voyage across the Atlantic is sunk by a German u-boat (submarine). One of the major causes that leads the US to get involved in the war.
The Little Tramp In 1916, his third year in films, his salary of $10,000 a year made him the highest-paid actor — possibly the highest paid person — in the world. Sir Charles Spencer Chaplin, Jr, was the most famous actor in early to mid Hollywood cinema era, and also a notable director. His principal character was "The Tramp": a vagrant with the refined manners and dignity of a gentleman who wears a tight coat, oversized pants and shoes, a derby or bowler hat, a bamboo cane, and his signature toothbrush moustache. Chaplin was one of the most creative personalities in the silent film era; he acted in, directed, scripted, produced, and eventually scored his own films. At the movies...
Timeline 1910 Boy Scouts of America and Campfire Girls are founded 1911 Triangle Shirtwaist fire leads to reforms in building codes and labor laws First electric self-starter for automobiles First air conditioner invented 1912 U.S. Public Health Service is established Arizona becomes the 48th state Woodrow Wilson elected as U.S. president Sinking of the Titanic First use of zippers in clothing
Timeline 1913 In Georgia – Leo Frank Trial - case of anti-semitism in the murder of Mary Phagan 1914 Outbreak of World War I Panama Canal opens 1915 Fist use of poison gas in warfare Death of educator Booker T. Washington 1916 Albert Einstein proposes Theory of Relativity Woodrow Wilson reelected as U.S. president 1917 The United States enters World War I 1918 President Woodrow Wilson proposes Fourteen Points, a plan for world peace Boy Scouts on a campout
And finally... 1919 Communist rising crushed in Germany Treaty of Versailles signed in Paris (ended WWI) First airline links established between London and Paris Worldwide influenza epidemic Prohibition starts – 18th Amendment Quarantine tents for flu epidemic
The 1919 World Series resulted in the most famous scandal in baseball history. Eight players from the Chicago White Sox (later nicknamed the Black Sox) were accused of throwing the series against the Cincinnati Reds. Details of the scandal and the extent to which each man was involved have always been unclear. Despite being acquitted of criminal charges, the players were banned from professional baseball for life. 8 Men Out No club paid better in 1919, but few were paid so poorly. Many knowledgeable observers believe that it was the owner’s stinginess that is largely to blame for the Black Sox scandal: if Comiskey had not grossly underpaid his players and treated them so unfairly, they would never have agreed to throw the Series. Comiskey was able to get away with paying low salaries because of the "reserve clause" in players' contracts. This clause prevented players from changing teams without the permission of the owners. Without a union, the players had no bargaining power.
More Inventors and their Inventions Jan Matzeliger Shoemaking machine 1883 Whitcomb Judson zippers 1893 King Gillette safety razors 1895 Mary Anderson windshield wipers 1903 Edwin Binney crayons 1903 CJ Walker hair straightener 1905 Leo Baekeland plastic 1909 Willis Carrier air conditioning 1911 Clarence Crane lifesavers 1912 Garrett Morgan gas mask 1914