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CHAPTER FIVE. THE PASSIVE VOICE. Kalimat pasif adalah kalimat yang subjeknya dikenai pekerjaan oleh objek kalimat. be ... Ing dalam kalimat pasif menjadi ‘being’ dalam bentuk pasif. Tense pada kalimat pasif mengikuti bentuk kalimat aktifnya.

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Chapter five

CHAPTER FIVE

THE PASSIVE VOICE


  • Kalimat pasif adalah kalimat yang subjeknya dikenai pekerjaan oleh objek kalimat.

  • be ... Ing dalam kalimat pasif menjadi ‘being’ dalam bentuk pasif.

  • Tense pada kalimat pasif mengikuti bentuk kalimat aktifnya.

  • Verb 3 pada kalimat pasif dibentuk oleh verb pada kalimat aktifnya.

  • Hanya kalimat transitif (kalimat yang mengandung objek. Ex : buy, bring, give, tell, help, visit, drink, etc) yang bisa dirubah ke dalam bentuk pasif.

  • Kalimat pasif digunakan tatkala ingin menonjolkan hasil tindakan daripada pelaku tindakan tersebut.


  • PRESENT TENSE (S + to be-am/is/are + V3 pekerjaan oleh objek kalimat. )

    Active : Itypea letter everyday

    S V O Adv.of time

    Passive : Aletteris typedeveryday (by me)

    S to be+V3 a.o.t

  • PAST TENSE ( S+ was/were + V3 )

    Active : The secretarytyped10 letters

    S V O

    everyday

    a.o.t

    Passive : 10 letterswere typedyesterdayby

    S to be + V3 A.O.T O

    the secretary


  • Present Continous pekerjaan oleh objek kalimat. (S + to be-am/is/are + being +V3)

    Active :Iam typinga letternow

    S to be+Ving O a.o.t

    Passive : A letteris being typednow

    S to be+Ving V3 a.o.t

  • Past Continous (S+was/were+being+V3)

    Active : Marywas helpingJohn

    S was+Ving O

    Passive : Johnwas being helpedby

    S was+being+V3 O

    Mary


6. pekerjaan oleh objek kalimat. Future Tense/using modals( S+will+be+V3)

Active : Hewill geta new carsoon

S will+V1 O a.o.t

Passive: A new carwill be gotsoon

S will+be+V3 a.o.t

7. Present Perfect ( S+have/has+V3+been )

Active : Janehas helpedJohn

S has + V3 O

Passive :Johnhas been helpedby Jane

S has+been+V3 O


The passive voice
THE PASSIVE VOICE pekerjaan oleh objek kalimat.

  • HOMEWORK

  • Change into passive

  • The teacher gave a lot of assignments last semester.

  • John and his friends will repair the car tomorrow.

  • I am writing the report now.

  • We usually do the homework together.

  • She must finish the job soon.

  • They have sent the package already.

  • Mother had cooked the meal.

  • Translate into good English !

  • Saya dibelikan sepasang sepatu baru oleh Ayah.

  • Anjing saya dipukul oleh seseorang kemarin.

  • Pertemuan itu dihadiri oleh banyak orang.


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