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Chapter Five. Diversity and Equity: Schooling Girls and Women. (c) 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Tozer/Senese/Violas, School and Society, 5e. First 150 years mostly barred from public schools unnecessary to educate girls in agrarian/frontier society

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chapter five

Chapter Five

Diversity and Equity:

Schooling Girls and Women

(c) 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.

Tozer/Senese/Violas, School and Society, 5e

gender education in colonial america
First 150 years

mostly barred from public schools

unnecessary to educate girls in agrarian/frontier society

females “unsuited” for intellectual activities

Some private schools focus on “polite accomplishments”

The Revolution and the “cult of domesticity”

Gender & Education in Colonial America

(c) 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.

Tozer/Senese/Violas, School and Society, 5e

competing ideological perspectives
“More effective” female roles

Conservative position

women’s place is in the home; no education necessary

Liberal position

women’s place is in the home; education helpful

Gender Equality

Radical Position

equal rights and educational opportunities

Competing Ideological Perspectives

(c) 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.

Tozer/Senese/Violas, School and Society, 5e

higher education for women
Academies

focus on “ladylike” subjects

charged tuition

Troy Female Academy most famous

Normal schools

focus on teacher training

High Schools

free public education

retained focus on domestic concerns

Colleges

Antioch and Oberlin (Ohio)

Vassar College as exemplar

Higher Education for Women

(c) 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.

Tozer/Senese/Violas, School and Society, 5e

women and vocational education
Domestic science training

1910 NEA report

ethnic and class bias inherent in curriculum

Commercial education

Responded to changes in labor market and need for cheap source of clerical labor

Class biased as well as sex-segregated

Women and Vocational Education

(c) 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.

Tozer/Senese/Violas, School and Society, 5e

concluding remarks
Intellectual subordination of women supported by a religious interpretation of humanity

American revolution fostered increased educational opportunities, with continued emphasis on preparation for marriage and motherhood

Transformed in Progressive Era to “domestic sciences”

Teaching as appropriate vocation for women

Conservative, liberal, and radical positions still evident today in discussions of social and educational policy

Concluding Remarks

(c) 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.

Tozer/Senese/Violas, School and Society, 5e

developing your professional vocabulary
Catherine Beecher

college education of women

colonial education of women

cult of domesticity

Sarah M. Grimke

Horace Mann’s views on the education of women

Seneca Falls Convention of 1848

Troy Female Seminary

Emma Willard

Mary Wollstonecraft

Developing Your Professional Vocabulary

(c) 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.

Tozer/Senese/Violas, School and Society, 5e