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Chapter Five

Chapter Five

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Chapter Five

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  1. Chapter Five Managing Speech Anxiety

  2. Chapter Five Table of Contents • What Causes Public Speaking Anxiety? • Pinpointing the Onset of PSA • Strategies for Getting Started with Confidence

  3. Managing Speech Anxiety Seasoned public speakers are more practiced at making speech anxiety work for, and not against, them.

  4. What Causes Public Speaking Anxiety? • Public speaking anxiety (PSA): the fear associated with either actual or anticipated communication to an audience as a speaker.

  5. What Causes Public Speaking Anxiety? • Lack of Experience • Feeling Different • Being the Center of Attention

  6. What Causes Public Speaking Anxiety? Lack of Experience • Anxiety is a natural reaction to new experiences.

  7. What Causes Public Speaking Anxiety?Feeling Different • Almost everyone experiences nervousness about giving a speech. • Novice speakers become anxious because they worry that being unique also means being inferior

  8. What Causes Public Speaking Anxiety?Being the Center of Attention • You see yourself more critically than the audience • Actually, audiences notice little about us that we don’t want to reveal.

  9. Pinpointing the Onset of Public Speaking Anxiety The onset of PSA can occur at different times • Pre-Preparation Anxiety • Preparation Anxiety • Pre-Performance Anxiety • Performance Anxiety

  10. Pinpointing the Onset of Public Speaking Anxiety:Pre-Preparation Anxiety • Pre-preparation anxiety anxiety felt the minute a person knows they will be giving a speech

  11. Pinpointing the Onset of Public Speaking Anxiety:Preparation Anxiety • Preparation anxiety Anxiety felt as a person begins to prepare, feeling overwhelmed by the speech writing process

  12. Pinpointing the Onset of Public Speaking Anxiety:Pre-Performance Anxiety • Pre-performance anxiety occurs when people rehearse their speech. They may realize their ideas don’t sound as focused or interesting as they should.

  13. Pinpointing the Onset of Public Speaking Anxiety:Performance Anxiety • The majority of people experience performance anxiety, or anxiety just before speaking begins.

  14. Strategies for Getting Started with Confidence • The surest route to gaining confidence is through preparation and practice.

  15. Strategies For Getting Started With Confidence • Prepare and Practice • Modify Thoughts and Attitudes • Visualization • Use Relaxation Techniques • Depersonalize the Speech Evaluation • Seek Pleasure in the Occasion

  16. Strategies for Getting Started With Confidence:Prepare and Practice • If you are confident that you know the material and have adequately rehearsed then you’ll feel more confident at the podium.

  17. Strategies for Getting Started With Confidence:Modify Thoughts And Attitudes • Regard your speech as a valuable activity. • Remind yourself why public speaking is a good skill to have • View public speaking as an opportunity, not a threat.

  18. Strategies for Getting Started With Confidence:Visualization • Visualizing:mentally seeing yourself give a successful speech

  19. Strategies for Getting Started With Confidence:Use Relaxation Techniques • Stress-Control Breathing: the center of breathing is felt on the stomach rather than on the chest • Stage One: inhale air and let your abdomen go out. Exhale air and let your abdomen go in. • Stage Two: as you inhale, use a soothing word such as “calm” or “relax.”

  20. Strategies for Getting Started With Confidence:Use Relaxation Techniques • Practice some controlled, natural gestures that might be useful in enhancing your speech

  21. Strategies for Getting Started With Confidence:Use Relaxation Techniques • Walk around as you make some of your points • Movement relieves tension, and holds the audience’s attention.

  22. Strategies for Getting Started With Confidence:Depersonalize The SpeechEvaluation • Focus on the message • It will lessen your anxiety • It reminds you of your speech purpose. • Think of your speech as a conversation instead of a performance.

  23. Strategies for Getting Started With Confidence:Seek Pleasure in the Occasion • Giving a speech can be satisfying and empowering