Kidztown adult training. Unit: Judah, The Southern Kingdom – Jan 2014. Unit: Judah, The Southern Kingdom. Week 1 – Zephaniah, Prophet to Judah (Zephaniah 1-3) Week 2 – Habakkuk, Prophet to Judah (Habakkuk 1-3) Week 3 – Nahum, Prophet to Nineveh (Nahum 1-3)
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Unit: Judah, The Southern Kingdom – Jan 2014
Week 1 – Zephaniah, Prophet to Judah (Zephaniah 1-3)
Week 2 – Habakkuk, Prophet to Judah (Habakkuk 1-3)
Week 3 – Nahum, Prophet to Nineveh (Nahum 1-3)
Week 4 – God Called Jeremiah (Jeremiah 1)
Zephaniah, Prophet to Judah
Application: believers are protected in Christ.
Application: before THE “day of the Lord” God promises to start afresh with those He spares from His judgment.
Application: no nation can escape His judgment or be refused His generous offer of grace.
I. Introduction (1:1)
II. Day of Judgment (1:2–3:8)
A. Against Judah (1:2–2:3)
1. General warning (1:2–3)
2. Judgment for Judah (1:4–13)
3. Description of that day (1:14–2:3)
B. Against Gentiles (2:4–15)
1. Philistia (2:4–7)
2. Moab and Ammon (2:8–11)
3. Cush (2:12)
4. Assyria (2:13–15)
C. Against Jerusalem (3:1–8)
III. Day of Joy (3:9–20)
A. Return of a Scattered People (3:9–10)
B. Restoration of a Sinful People (3:11–13)
C. Rejoicing of a Saved People (3:14–20)
Larry Walker, Zephaniah, in The Expositors Bible Commentary: Daniel and the Minor Prophets (ed. Frank E. Gaebelein; vol. 7; Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan Publishing House, 1986), 7543.
Habakkuk, Prophet to Judah
Donald F. Ackland, “Habakkuk”, in The Teachers Bible Commentary (ed. H. Franklin Paschall and Herschel H. Hobbs; Nashville: Broadman and Holman Publishers, 1972), 566.
It opens with the prophet’s prayer for God’s intervention (v. 2) and proceeds to describe God coming forth to save his people (v. 13). There are many obscurities, but even with these the majestic movement of the psalm can be appreciated, specially in the RSV. The writer sees God on the march for the deliverance of his people. Hence, he concludes with a great statement of prevailing faith (vv. 17–19). Come what may, this man “will rejoice in the Lord” (v. 18).
Donald F. Ackland, Habakkuk, in The Teachers Bible Commentary (ed. H. Franklin Paschall and Herschel H. Hobbs; Nashville: Broadman and Holman Publishers, 1972), 566-67.
“Many view questioning God as sinful, but Habakkuk and Job show this is not so. Rough passages in life can produce honest doubt and perplexity, and God condemns neither Job nor Habakkuk for expressing these doubts. Only in open dialogue are misunderstandings resolved and differences righted. Even today it is better to express vexation than to let it fester, erupting into bitterness. While an answer might not come immediately (2:1), or might itself cause consternation (1:12–17), God does not ban honest questioning.
God already knows the beginning from the end (Is. 46:10). He does not act in secrecy, but reveals himself to inquiring believers (Am. 3:7). It is important to address the great and awesome God with the respect due him (Hab. 3:16), but one may still address him. Comfort awaits the doubter, questioner or sufferer because part of what God is about involves salvation and help for his own (3:19). We also, like Habakkuk, expect his response to our questions and needs, not only because he met with Habakkuk in the first millennium before Christ (3:3–15), but also because he has already met us in our own personal past approaching the third millenium after Christ, and will do so again. Whether the problem arises from the acts of national entities, as Habakkuk’s did, or because of individual wrongdoing, God is there.”
D. A. Carson et al., eds., New Bible Commentary: 21st Century Edition (4th ed.; Leicester, England; Downers Grove, IL: Inter-Varsity Press, 1994), 841.
The theme of the wrath of God is avoided by many. Yet if there is to be a moral order God must act in judgment against sin. While the punishment of the individual offender lies beyond the grave, nations are called to account at the bar of history. “He that leadeth into captivity shall go into captivity; he that killeth with the sword must be killed with the sword” (Rev. 13:10).
No nation, however strong, can resist the outworkings of divine justice. The greatest aggressors of history have eventually come to a day of reckoning. Though retributive justice may seem slow in coming, yet it is certain and final.
But the mercy of God is to be seen even in his judgments. Israel of old and Christians of the first century were comforted in their afflictions by the knowledge that God’s kingdom will prevail. This must be our confidence.
Donald F. Ackland, Nahum, in The Teachers Bible Commentary (ed. H. Franklin Paschall and Herschel H. Hobbs; Nashville: Broadman and Holman Publishers, 1972), 564.
D. A. Carson et al., eds., New Bible Commentary: 21st Century Edition (4th ed.; Leicester, England; Downers Grove, IL: Inter-Varsity Press, 1994), 835.
God Called Jeremiah