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Overview. Reporting orally Making formal speeches Preparing to speak Using visuals Giving team (collaborative) presentations Presenting virtually. Planning the Oral Report. Plan oral reports just as you do written ones. Determine your objective. State its factors.

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  • Reporting orally
  • Making formal speeches
  • Preparing to speak
  • Using visuals
  • Giving team (collaborative) presentations
  • Presenting virtually
planning the oral report
Planning the Oral Report
  • Plan oral reports just as you do written ones.
  • Determine your objective.
  • State its factors.
  • Organize the report: indirect or direct order.
  • Divide the body based on your objective.
  • Use introductory/concluding paragraphs.
making formal speeches
Making Formal Speeches
  • Speak on a topic in your area of specialization and of interest to your audience.
    • Topics assigned to you can include
      • A welcome address.
      • Delivery of acceptance of and honor or award.
      • An announcement of a charity drive.
    • Topics you pick should reflect
      • Your background and knowledge.
      • The audience’s interests.
      • The occasion of the speech.
making formal speeches1
Making Formal Speeches
  • Gather information: libraries, company files, the Internet, interviews.
  • Organize
    • Introduction
    • Body
    • Conclusion
making formal speeches introduction
Making Formal Speeches: Introduction
  • Use an appropriate greeting (“Good morning”).
  • Arouse interest.
    • Story
    • Humor
    • Quotation
    • Question
  • Introduce the subject (theme).
  • Prepare the reader to receive the message.
making formal speeches body conclusion
Making Formal Speeches: Body & Conclusion
  • Body
    • Divide the whole into comparable parts.
    • Apply conventional relationships of data (time, place, quantity, factor, combination).
    • Use factors for presenting issues and questions.
    • Connect major points with transitions.
  • Conclusion
    • Restate the subject.
    • Summarize.
    • Consider using a climactic close.
making formal speeches delivery
Making Formal Speeches: Delivery
  • Extemporaneous: usually best
  • Memorizing: risky
  • Reading: difficult and unnatural
preparing to speak
Preparing to Speak
  • Extemporaneous: from notes, rehearsed
  • Memorized: the most difficult, hazardous
  • Reading: typically dull, mechanical
audience analysis
Audience Analysis
  • Preliminary
    • Number of audience members
    • Characteristics (education level, gender, age, etc.)
  • During the presentation
    • Respond to feedback (smiles, frowns, blank stares, applause).
    • Adjust as you speak to accommodate feedback.
consideration of personal aspects
Consideration of Personal Aspects
  • Confidence
    • Preparing well
    • Dressing appropriately
    • Talking in strong, clear tones
  • Sincerity
  • Thoroughness
  • Friendliness
appearance and physical actions
Appearance and Physical Actions
  • The communication environment—the things that surround you as you speak
  • Your appearance—how the audience sees you
    • Posture
    • Walking
    • Facial expressions
    • Gestures
using the voice effectively
Using the Voice Effectively
  • Vary Pitch.
  • Change Speaking Speed.
  • Use Vocal Emphasis.
  • Develop Pleasant Voice Quality.
  • Imitate speakers you admire.
  • Analyze your speeches and develop plans for improvement.
use of visuals
Use of Visuals
  • Use of visuals is determined by the
    • Content of the report or presentation.
    • Cost.
    • Audience size.
    • Ease of preparation.
    • Facilities and technology available.
using visuals techniques
Using Visuals: Techniques
  • Select the types that do the best job.
  • Blend the visuals into your speech, making certain that the audience sees and understands them.
  • Organize visuals as a part of the message.
  • Emphasize the visuals by pointing to them.
  • Talk to the audience, not the visuals.
  • Do not block your audience’s view of the visuals.
  • Use PowerPoint to enhance content.
team presentations
Team Presentations
  • Plan to incorporate ideas on individual speeches and collaborative writing.
  • Plan order and content.
  • Plan physical factors.
  • Plan staging.
  • Plan a closing and Q & A session.
  • Plan to rehearse the presentation.
presenting virtually
Presenting Virtually
  • Virtual Presentation
    • A presentation delivered from a desktop over the Internet to an audience anywhere in the world
delivering a virtual presentation
Delivering a Virtual Presentation
  • Before the presentation
    • Plan for the technology being used.
    • Mail announcements to the audience.
    • Test the technology.
    • Secure technical and non technical support to be available during the meeting.
    • Have material for early arrivers to view.
  • During the delivery
    • Plan interaction with polling or quizzing.
    • Take regular breaks for feedback and questions.
    • Be attentive to the feedback from the audience and adjust the pace of the delivery.
    • Allow ample time for both questions and evaluation.