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WWI 1914-1919. The Great War The War to End All Wars. Causes. Militarism : the glorification of the military…mostly practiced by Germany

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wwi 1914 1919


The Great War

The War to End All Wars

  • Militarism: the glorification of the military…mostly practiced by Germany
  • Alliances: systems of friendships created in Europe to keep the balance of power equal. The two alliances were the Triple Entente (Russia, UK, France) and the Triple Alliance (Germany, Austria Hungary, Ottoman Empire, Bulgaria)
  • Nationalism: the glorification of one’s nation. As empires crumbled, many of the ethnic groups wanted to create their own nations. This is particularly true in the Balkans (Powder Keg of Europe)
  • Imperialism: taking over of another country in order to gain natural resources. Many countries felt left out of the imperialist movement and hoped to gain land through the war.
  • Assassination: Archduke Franz Ferdinand was killed by Gavrilo Princip in Sarajevo. Austria Hungary gave Bosnia a list of demands known as the July Ultimatum which the Serbs were unable to fulfill.
beginning of the war
Beginning of the war
  • When Austria Hungary invaded, Russia began to mobilize.
  • When Germany saw that Russia was mobilizing, they moved troops to the borders and declared war.
  • When Germany declared war, the rest of the alliances began to mobilize. Soon all of Europe had declared war.
  • Once war began, the Triple Alliance became known as the Central Powers. The Triple Entente became known as the Allies. Italy will switch sides from the Central Powers to the Allies in the middle of the war.
why was wwi different
Why was WWI different?
  • Total war: using all of a country’s resources in order to make war
  • Global war: largest war to date
  • New technology: included the tank, the submarine, the machine gun and chemical warfare
  • Trench warfare on the Western Front (France) created a stalemate.
  • Unrestricted submarine warfare: Germany set up a blockade around England.
how was wwi fought
How was WWI fought?
  • Schlieffen Plan: depended on Germany attacking France and destroying it quickly
  • Trench warfare
  • Emphasis on technology (dog fights in airplanes, mustard gas, Vicker’s machine gun, the airplane, etc)
  • Countries that are the most industrialized will win (Russia and the Ottoman Empire will suffer)
us in wwi
  • The United States did not want to enter in to European affairs and stayed out of the war until 1917. What is the term for this?
  • Sinking of the Lusitania in 1915
  • Zimmermann Note in 1917. United States declares war on Germany.
  • The entrance of the United States will turn the tide of the war significantly. Why?

Was it a good thing that the United States practiced isolationism or should they have entered WWI immediately? Why?

wwi at home
WWI at home
  • Rationing
  • Propaganda
  • Economic boom for the United States
  • Entrance of women and minorities in to the work force
  • Great Migrationof African Americans to the North. Why?
  • Huge amounts of immigration from Europe to US.
  • Use of the draft
end of the war
End of the war
  • In 1917, Russia pulled out of the war and began the Bolshevik Revolution, killing the czar and creating a Communist state
  • By 1918, the Ottoman Empire and Austria Hungary was almost entirely destroyed and Germany could no longer maintain production of necessary supplies.
  • Germany agreed to an armistice
  • The Big Four (France, Italy, UK and America) met to determine the treaty that would end the war. This was called the Treaty of Versailles. It is an EPIC FAILURE. It forced Germany to pay heavy reparations, demilitarize and accept full responsibility.
  • Woodrow Wilson created the 14 points which he believed would lead to a lasting peace in Europe. These included the ideas of self determination, no secret treaties and the League of Nations (the beginning of our United Nations).