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World War I 1914-1919

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World War I 1914-1919
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World War I 1914-1919

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  1. World War I 1914-1919 http://www.historyofwar.org/Maps/ww1_a_prewar.gif

  2. Causes of WWI- M.A.I.N • MILITARISM • ALLIANCES • IMPERIALISM • NATIONALISM M.A.I.N.

  3. Nationalism- Germany & France • Germany was feeling strong  military and new industrial growth • France wanted to regain • power as was before • Congress of Vienna • Regain pride/territory lost during Franco-Prussian War in 1870

  4. Austria-Hungary Empire

  5. Nationalism- Eastern Europe • Russia- supported nationalism called Pan-Slavism • Russia  defend all Slavs (Serbia) • Threatened Austria-Hungary and Ottoman Empires “POWDER KEG OF EUROPE”

  6. Militarism- Glorification of Military • Part of Social Darwinism • Increase in size of armies and navies • Germany V. Britain expanded funding for navies (Why Britain?) http://www.mrswallace.com/Alliances/empiremap.jpg

  7. Standing Armies in Europe 1914

  8. Alliances- Central Vs. Allies Two Big Alliances: • Triple Alliance (1882) = Germany, Italy, and Austria-Hungary (Ottoman) • Triple Entente(1904) = France, Russia, and Britain (Japan) http://www.historyofwar.org/Maps/ww1_a_prewar.gif

  9. Italy’s Irredenta

  10. Assassination- Immediate Cause • Archduke Francis Ferdinand of Austria-Hungary was killed in Bosnia (nephew of Emperor) • Who/Why? Serbian (Slavs) nationalists wanted self-rule and end foreign government http://clio.rediris.es/udidactica/IGM/images/assassination_archduke_ferdinand.gif

  11. Chain Reaction • Austria-Hungary got Germany’s support (declared war on Serbia) • Serbia got help from Russia (Germany declared war on Russia) • Russia asked for help from France (Germany declared war on France) • Italy and Britain remain neutral at first

  12. http://www.johndclare.net/images/Alliances.GIF

  13. “One out of every four men who went out to the World War did not come back again” The “Great War”

  14. A Multi-Front War • German – von-Schleifen Plan • Will it work?

  15. The Western Front

  16. The Western Front • Russia won small victories at first  led Germany to move troops from the west to the east • Stalemate deadlock http://www.uark.edu/campus-resources/mbracy/WesternFront.jpg

  17. http://coursedocs.slcc.edu/huma/1100/World%20War%20I.jpg

  18. Trench Warfare • Dug out trenches • Hot summers, cold winters • “No man’s land”  in between enemy trenches http://occawlonline.pearsoned.com/bookbind/pubbooks/divine5e/medialib/images/div0093.jpeg

  19. Trench Warfare http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/FWWtrenchsystem.JPG

  20. Trench Warfare

  21. Trench Warfare “No Man’s Land”

  22. Verdun – February, 1916 • German offensive. • Each side had 500,000 casualties.

  23. The Somme – July, 1916 • 60,000 British soldiers killed in one day. • Over 1,000,000 killed in 5 months.

  24. War IsHELL !!

  25. Sacrifices in War

  26. Krupp’s “Big Bertha” Gun

  27. Battles- Takes a Toll • 1916- attacks to break the stalemate • 11 month struggle that cost ½ million deaths on both sides (Verdun) • 1 million killed at Somme River with no side gaining an advantage http://www.bergoiata.org/fe/digit/Digital%20Art%20-%20Chess%20board%20by%20Joe%20Wallis%20-%202002.jpg

  28. TheEasternFront

  29. The Gallipoli Disaster, 1915

  30. Turkish Cavalry in Palestine

  31. T. E. Lawrence & the “Arab Revolt”, 1916-18

  32. T. E. Lawrence & Prince Faisal at Versailles, 1918-19

  33. The Tsar with General Brusilov

  34. The“Colonial”Fronts

  35. Sikh British Soldiers in India

  36. Fighting in Africa Black Soldiers in the German Schutztruppen[German E. Africa] British Sikh Mounstain Gunner

  37. Fighting in Africa 3rd British Battalion, Nigerian Brigade

  38. Fighting in Salonika, Greece French colonial marine infantry fromCochin, China - 1916

  39. New Technology • Machine guns • Poison gas/gas masks (wind became problem) • Armored tank • Aircraft (zeppelins) • 5. German U-Boats • Convoys

  40. Machine Guns http://freepages.military.rootsweb.com/~worldwarone/WWI/Weapons/images/machinegun-grenades-sm.jpg

  41. Poison Gas http://www.firstworldwar.com/photos/graphics/ww_gas_train_01.jpg

  42. Armored Tank http://www.nysl.nysed.gov/library/features/featmo/images/wwi_tank.jpg