WORLD WAR I 1914-1919 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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WORLD WAR I 1914-1919

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WORLD WAR I 1914-1919
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WORLD WAR I 1914-1919

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  1. WORLD WAR I 1914-1919 “The Great War to End all Wars”

  2. Causes of World War I • Imperialism – competition for overseas empires • Militarism – build up of a countries’ military

  3. Causes of World War I • Nationalism – pride in one’s country • Secret Alliances among European Nations

  4. The Spark • Austrian Archduke Francis Ferdinand was assassinated by a Bosnian rebel

  5. The Spark Austria-Hungary declared war on Bosnia and Serbia

  6. The Spark • Secret Alliances caused all of Europe to get into conflict

  7. Central Powers Germany Austria-Hungary Ottoman Empire Allied Powers France Great Britain (U.K.) Russia Serbia Two Sides

  8. U.S. Returns to Isolationism • “America would not get involved in an European War” – President Woodrow Wilson

  9. U.S. Returns to Isolationism • Government did not want to upset immigrants

  10. U.S. Returns to Isolationism U.S. supported and sent weapons to Allied countries

  11. Why did America Join the War? • German U-boats (submarines) were sinking US trade ships

  12. Why did America Join the War? • Zimmerman Note • German plan to have Mexico declare war on U.S. • helped generate support for war from American citizens

  13. Why did America Join the War? • U.S. cruise ship , The Luisitania, was sank by German U-boats • 1,260 people killed.

  14. Why did America Join the War? • April 2, 1917, U.S. declares war Central Powers

  15. New Weapons + Old Fighting = Massive Destruction • British style, straight line fighting was suicide

  16. New Weapons + Old Fighting = Massive Destruction • New Weapons • Machine guns, poison gas, airplanes, artillery cannons, flame throwers, tanks

  17. New Weapons + Old Fighting = Massive Destruction • Trench Warfare became the new style of fighting

  18. US Involvement turns the War • US added fresh troops and resources to Allies • Allies started to win when US got involved • Russia pulls out of war because of unrest in their country

  19. Russian (Bolshevik) Revolution • Vladimir Lenin overthrew democratic gov’t in Russia • He set up a government called communism

  20. Russian (Bolshevik) Revolution • US and Russia became enemies after Communist takeover

  21. Allies Claim Victory • Treaty of Versailles officially ended war in 1919 • Europe was in ruins • Infrastructure was destroyed • 8 million dead, 21.5 million wounded • US only had 250,000 dead and wounded