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Report on Biological & Water Quality Monitoring in the East Branch DuPage Watershed: 2011 . DuPage River-Salt Creek Work Group August 28, 2013. Chris O. Yoder Center for Applied Bioassessment and Biocriteria Midwest Biodiversity Institute Columbus, OH.

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slide1

Report on Biological & Water Quality Monitoring in the East Branch DuPage Watershed: 2011

DuPage River-Salt Creek Work Group

August 28, 2013

Chris O. Yoder

Center for Applied Bioassessment and Biocriteria

Midwest Biodiversity Institute

Columbus, OH

slide2

DuPage-Salt Creek Work Group Goals

  • Verify low D.O. segments & determine effectiveness of abatement and mitigation efforts
  • Determine extent of nutrient enrichment
  • Comprehensive assessment of biological assemblages – establish baseline for comparison to future conditions in response to management
  • Determine roll of potential stressors at the local reach scale
  • Identify and prioritize stream segments where restoration will have greatest benefits
  • Support TMDL development and nutrient criteria
slide3

The Development of a Biological Assessment Plan for the DuPage and Salt Creek Watersheds

DuPage-Salt Creek Work Group

March 7, 2006

Chris O. Yoder

Center for Applied Bioassessment and Biocriteria

Midwest Biodiversity Institute

Columbus, OH

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Bloomingdale-Reeves

EB 29

EB 25

EB 24

EB 23

EB 22

EB 26

Glendale Heights

Spatial sampling design is critical for accurately detecting impairments and providing data at the same scale at which restoration is applied.

EB 21

EB 42 Alt.

EB 44

EB 36

Glenbard - Lombard

EB 19

EB 15

GlenbardWWTP

EB 17

EB 30

EB 13

EB 14

EB 12

EB 11

Downers-Grove

EB 06

EB 31

EB 37

EB 03

EB 32

Woodridge

EB 40

EB 33

Bolingbrook #1

EB 43

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Bolingbrook #2

EB 38

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EB 41

slide5

CORE INDICATORS

Fish Assemblage

Macroinvertebrates

Periphyton

(Use Community Level Data From At Least Two)

Physical Habitat Indicators

Chemical Quality Indicators

Channel morphology

Flow

pH

Temperature

Substrate Quality

Riparian

Conductivity

Dissolved O

2

AQUATIC LIFE

RECREATIONAL

WATER SUPPLY

Base List

:

Base List

:

Base List

:

Ionic strength

Fecal bacteria

Fecal bacteria

Nutrients, sediment

Ionic strength

Ionic strength

Supplemental List

:

Supplemental List

:

Nutrients, sediment

Metals (water/sediment)

Other pathogens

Supplemental List

:

Organics (water/sediment)

Organics (water/sed.)

Metals (water/sediment)

Chlorophyll a

Chlorophyll a

Organics (water/sed.)

Other pathogens

HUMAN/WILDLIFE CONSUMPTION

Chlorophyll a

Base List

:

Metals (in tissues)

Organics (in tissues)

Core indicators are measured routinely – independent of assessment & management questions

For Specific Designated Uses Add the Following:

Supplemental indicators are added depending on designated uses, study area setting, and monitoring objectives and questions

slide6

E. Branch DuPage Bioassessment: 2011 Survey

  • 21 mainstem & 15 tributary sites sampled for fish, macroinvertebrates, and QHEI in 2011.
  • 7 mainstem sites sampled for fish and QHEI in 2012 to follow-up Churchill Woods dam removal.
  • Fish sampled with MBI methods – pulsed D.C. methods; 3 person crew.
  • Macroinvertebrates sampled with IEPA methods.
  • Water chemistry at all sites (37); sediment chemistry at 23 sites; continuous monitoring at 5 sites.
  • Data analyzed using IEPA indices and either Illinois WQS or IPS thresholds.
  • Stressor analysis accomplished to determine principal causes & sources of biological impairments.
slide7

What is a Bioassessment?

Bioassessment is the essential implementation tool for a TALU based approach

  • Bioassessment – a systematic assessment of the aquatic resource using biological indicators AND chemical/physical indicators in a supporting role.
  • Biocriteria – numerical benchmarks for determining attainment of a goal expressed in the definition of an aquatic life designated use in the state WQS.
  • Reasonably available tools and criteria exist to assess and evaluate this for all waterbody types.
slide8

Invertebrate organisms contribute vital functions in an aquatic ecosystem including energy flow, conversion, and production.

This assemblage is the longest used indicator group. Numerous techniques and approaches have been developed.

slide9

Benthic MacroinvertebratesActive Sampling Methods Examples

Scrubbing substrates

Picking

Dome

Sampler

Net-based methods

(including kicks,

dips, jabs, sweeps,

& picks)

Grab

samplers

slide11

Fish are a widely identifiable component of aquatic systems and are valued for their recreational uses. Most species, however, are more obscure, and comprise the second most endangered group.

slide12

Illinois DNR “electric seine”

MBI pulsed D.C. electrofishing methods

slide13

The Qualitative Habitat Evaluation Index (QHEI)

QHEI Includes Six Major Categories of Macrohabitat

  • Substrate - types, origin, quality, embeddedness
  • Instream Cover – types and quantity
  • Channel Quality – sinuosity, development, stability
  • Riparian – width, quality, bank stability & quality
  • Pool/Run/Riffle – depth, current types, embedded-ness, morphology
  • Gradient – local gradient (fall per unit distance)

Source: The Qualitative Habitat Evaluation Index (Rankin 1989)

slide15

Illinois EPA IBI Narrative Evaluations

General Use Attainment Threshold

slide18

Chemical/Physical Field Procedures

Chemical/Physical Field Procedures

Water column grab sampling

Depth integrated sampler

Water column grab sampling

Depth integrated sampler

Time-of-travel dye injection

Automatic composite samplers

Time-of-travel dye injection

Automatic composite samplers

slide19

Ohio EPA Chemical Effluent & Exposure Sampling

Ohio EPA Chemical Effluent & Exposure Sampling

Procedures

Procedures

Permitted Discharges are Sampled for

Permitted Discharges are Sampled for

Whole Effluent Toxicity (WET) Testing

a Variety of Chemicals - This Provides

Whole Effluent Toxicity (WET) Testing

a Variety of Chemicals - This Provides

is Performed Primarily on Effluents

Data to Determine Pollutant Loads

is Performed Primarily on Effluents

Data to Determine Pollutant Loads

Fish Tissue Analysis Reveals

Fish Tissue Analysis Reveals

Bioaccumulative Pollutants and Risks

Bioaccumulative Pollutants and Risks

to Human and Wildlife Health

to Human and Wildlife Health

Biochemical Markers (Biomarkers) are

Biochemical Markers (Biomarkers) are

Useful for Discerning Problem

Useful for Discerning Problem

Pollutants

Pollutants

slide20

Environmental Indicator

". . a measurable feature which

singly or in combination provides

managerially and scientifically useful

evidence of ecosystem quality, or

reliable evidence of trends in

quality."

ITFM (1995)

slide21

1.

Stressor Indicators (pollutant loadings, land use, habitat) – best used to indicate impacts

2.

Exposure Indicators (e.g., chemical-specific, biomarkers, toxicity tests) – best used to indicate risk of harm or undesirable changes

3.

Response Indicators (e.g., biological community condition) – best used to indicate whole effects and as a performance end-point

Types of Environmental Indicators: How Each is Used Makes a Difference

Problems occur when indicators are used as surrogates outside their most appropriate role

slide28

E. Branch Daytime D.O. 2007 vs. 2011

The consequences of nutrient enrichment are frequently indirect affecting instream processes such as photosynthesis and respiration.

slide31

E. Branch Mainstem Chlorides

IPS derived thresholds were used in lieu of current IEPA WQS to judge effects to aquatic life. Chloride is an example of a parameter with an outdated criterion.

slide37

Incremental improvement in fish IBI due to improved habitat resulting from Churchill Woods dam removal.

slide38

E. Branch DuPage Watershed: Major Observations

  • Incremental improvement in QHEI and fIBI following Churchill Woods dam removal.
  • D.O. regime exhibited wider nutrient related diel swings in 2011 vs. 2007.
  • Nitrate-N highly elevated in 2011 vs. 2007.
  • Elevated nutrients primarily in mainstem.
  • Elevated chlorides in 2011 vs. 2007 watershed wide.
  • Biological assemblages mostly fair-poor throughout watershed – multiple causes.