paralanguage nonverbal communication l.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Paralanguage: Nonverbal Communication PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Paralanguage: Nonverbal Communication

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 24

Paralanguage: Nonverbal Communication - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 648 Views
  • Uploaded on

Paralanguage: Nonverbal Communication. “People are more frightened of being lonely than of being hungry, or being deprived of sleep, or of having their sexual needs unfulfilled” (Frieda Fromm Reichmenn). Paralanguage: Nonverbal Communication. Communication by means other than language .

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Paralanguage: Nonverbal Communication' - mikko


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
paralanguage nonverbal communication

Paralanguage: Nonverbal Communication

“People are more frightened of being lonely than of being hungry, or being deprived of sleep, or of having their sexual needs unfulfilled” (Frieda Fromm Reichmenn).

paralanguage nonverbal communication2

Paralanguage: Nonverbal Communication

Communication by means other than language.

paralanguage includes
Paralanguage includes
  • Facial expressions
  • Tones of voice
  • Gestures
  • Eye contact
  • Spatial arrangements
  • Patterns of touch
  • Expressive movements
  • Silence
paralanguage may be
Paralanguage may be:
  • Complementary
  • Unconscious
  • Learned
universals and cultural variations
Universals and Cultural Variations
  • eyebrow flash, the nose wrinkle
  • basic emotions:

--happiness, sadness, disgust, fear, anger, and surprise

the functions of nonverbal communication
The functions of nonverbal communication
  • To repeat what was said verbally
  • To complement what was said verbally
  • To contradict to what was said verbally
  • To substitute for what would be said verbally
  • To regulate and manage the communication event
nonverbal communication divided into
Nonverbal communication divided into
  • Kinesic and Proxemic acts
  • Kinesics: The study of nonverbal gestures, facial expressions, eye contact, and body posture
  • Proxemics: The study of the use of space, touch, and distance as features of nonverbal communication.
universality versus relativism
Universality versus Relativism
  • Birdwhistell (1970)
  • Emblems:are gestures understood by participant of a communicative community to express a specific meaning
cultural specific emblems
Cultural Specific Emblems

Can you guess what the following gestures from Japan, France and Iran mean?

could reflect social status and gender
Could reflect social status and gender
  • Dominance versus subordination

In North America

---more space---take less space

---stare at others ---less eye contact

--- smile more-- smile less

dangers of overgeneralizations
Dangers of overgeneralizations
  • Cannot assume everybody in a culture behaves the same way
  • Infrequent actions should not be used to characterize a culture
  • We should not ignore that nonverbal behaviors are part of complex communication processes
how do we communicate with those we don t know
How do we communicate with those we don’t know?
  • Leonard Zunin (The First Four Minutes, 1972)
  • Three common behaviours:
  • which side of the path” look
  • I acknowledge you” look
  • Look—away priority”
proxemics
Proxemics
  • Edward, T Hall in 1963
  • refers to touch and issues of personal space
slide17

Distance Between Faces Tone of Voice Type of Message very close (3-6") soft whisper top secret or sensualclose (8-12") audible whisper very confidential neutral (20-36") soft voice, low volume personal subject matter neutral (4.5-5') full voice non-personal information across the room (8-20') loud voice talking to a group stretching the limit

all nonverbal communication is best understood within cultural context
All nonverbal communication is best understood within cultural context
  • Body movements
  • Eye contact
  • Facial expressions
  • Touch
silence also part of nonverbal communication
Silence also part of nonverbal communication
  • Sends nonverbal clues during communication
  • Culturally determined
  • Igbos of Nigeria
slide24
Do you think that understanding nonverbal patterns can help us identify our own ethnocentric attitudes?