Bill of Rights The first 10 amendments of our Constitution.
What are the Bill of Rights? • The Bill of Rights is the unified address to numerous, highlighted Constitutional issues, taken up and deliberated upon to a point of agreement at different times in American history. The main intent was to prevent subsequent misconstruction of powers and ensure public confidence. The articles were ratified by three-fourths of the legislator in 1791.
First Amendment Best known and most cherished. Protects the five basic freedoms: freedom of religion, freedom of speech, freedom of the press, freedom of assembly, and to petition the government.
Second Amendment • Guarantees Americans the right to serve in a state militia and to bear arms.
Third Amendment • Limits the national governments power to have Americans quarter soldiers. • Except with the owners consent.
Fourth Amendment (Privacy Amendment) • Protects Americans against unreasonable searches and seizes.
Fifth Amendment • Protects the people from accused crime. • Cant be put on trial without first being indicated , or formally accused by a group of citizens, called a grand jury, protects from double jeopardy, cant be put on trial for the same crime twice. The right to remain silent. Defines life, liberty or property without due process of law. Protects persons property rights, limits government power to eminent domain.
Sixth Amendment • Rights to be accused of crimes: have to be told their crime; accused be allowed a trial of jury. Accused individuals must have the right to hear and question all witnesses against them. Entitled to have a lawyer, the government will provide them with one.
Seventh Amendment • Right to a jury trial in civil cases if amount of money is more than $20, It doesn’t require a trial.
Eighth Amendment • Forbids excessive bail- that is an amount that is much to high. Forbids cruel and unusual punishments means that the punishment is proportional to the crime comited
Ninth Amendment • Says that the rights in the Constitution are not the only rights.
Tenth Amendment • Any powers the Constitution does not specifically give the national government are reserved for the state or for the people.