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Human Body Systems. Cells Tissues Epithelial, connective, muscular, nervous Organs Examples include stomach, liver, heart Organ Systems Examples include digestive and circulatory systems. Levels of Organization in the Body. Epithelial Covering or lining tissue Connective

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Human Body Systems


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    1. Human Body Systems

    2. Cells Tissues Epithelial, connective, muscular, nervous Organs Examples include stomach, liver, heart Organ Systems Examples include digestive and circulatory systems Levels of Organization in the Body

    3. Epithelial Covering or lining tissue Connective Joins, stores and supports Muscle Internal and external movement Nerve Conducts electrical signals Tissues in the Human Body Blood Muscle Nerve

    4. Skeletal Muscular Circulatory Immune Respiratory Digestive Excretory Reproductive Nervous Endocrine Integumentary Human Organ Systems

    5. Functions Framework and support Protection Storage Axial and appendicular skeleton Bone structure Joints and ligaments Human Skeletal System

    6. Skull Scapula Clavicle Humerus Sternum Ribs Ulna Radius Carpals Metacarpals Pelvis Phalanges Femur Patella Fibula Tibia Tarsals Metatarsals Human Skeleton Phalanges Phalanges

    7. Haversian system Blood vessels Osteocyte Compact Bone Tissue

    8. Functions Movement Warmth Posture Muscle Properties Ability to contract Ability to be stretched Ability to respond to a stimulus Muscle Types Skeletal Smooth Cardiac Human Muscular System

    9. Deltoid Pectoralis major Biceps brachi Gluteus maximus Rectus femoris Gastrocnemius Human Muscular System

    10. 3 Types of Muscle Tissue Skeletal Smooth Cardiac

    11. Skeletal Muscle Contraction Myosin Actin Sarcomere

    12. Internet resources Muscle anatomy quiz http://www.gwc.maricopa.edu/class/bio201/muscle/mustut.htm Muscle physiology tutorial http://harveyproject.science.wayne.edu/development/muscle/grsphysw.html Muscle action tutorial http://www.brookscole.com/chemistry_d/templates/student_resources/shared_resources/animations/muscles/muscles.html Master Muscle List http://www.meddean.luc.edu/lumen/MedEd/GrossAnatomy/dissector/muscles/muscles.html

    13. Transports nutrients, gases, wastes, water, and hormones and also distributes heat Structures of circulatory system Heart Vessels Blood Lymphatic system Human Circulatory System Erythrocytes White blood cells

    14. Aorta Superior vena cava Pulmonary artery Left atrium Right atrium Mitral Valve Tricuspid Valve Left Ventricle Right Ventricle Anterior view Diagram of Human Heart

    15. Nonspecific defense responses Skin and mucous membranes Inflammatory response Temperature Proteins White blood cells Specific immune responses Humoral immunity Cell-mediated immunity Human Immune System

    16. Identifying Pathogens - Koch’s Postulates Vaccination - Edward Jenner Disorders Allergies Autoimmune disease Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome Disease Prevention

    17. Respiration is gas exchange between an organism and the environment Respiratory structures include the nose, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi, bronchioles and alveoli Mechanics of Breathing Respiratory Diseases Respiratory System Exhalation Inhalation

    18. Nasal Passage Pharynx Larynx Trachea Bronchus Bronchioles Alveoli Human Respiratory System

    19. Digestion is the breakdown of nutrients to a level that can be used by cells of the body. Structures GI tract (mouth, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine) Accessory (teeth, tongue, salivary glands, liver, gall bladder, pancreas) Nutrition Human Digestive System

    20. Mouth Pharynx Esophagus Liver Stomach Large Intestine Small Intestine Villi Digestive System

    21. Excretion is the removal of metabolic wastes from the body, including toxic chemicals, excess water, carbon dioxide and salts. Excretory Organs Skin Lungs Kidneys Excretory System

    22. Nephron Kidney Kidney Ureter Urinary Bladder Urethra Urinary System

    23. Produces gametes (eggs and sperm) Fertilization – produce zygote Male Reproductive System Testes Epididymus, vas deferens, urethra, seminal vesicle, prostate gland, Cowper’s gland Female Reproductive System Ovary Fallopian tubes, uterus, vagina Reproductive System

    24. Male Reproductive System Urinary bladder Vas deferens Prostate gland Seminal vesicle Epididymus Urethra Penis Testis

    25. Fallopian tube Uterus Urinary bladder Vagina Anterior View Sagittal View Fallopian tube Uterus Ovary Vagina Female Reproductive System

    26. The endocrine system consists of ductless glands that produce hormones. Hypothalamus, pituitary, pineal, thyroid, parathyroid, thymus, adrenal, pancreas, ovary, testes Hormones are chemical messengers that travel through the blood stream and affect activities throughout the body. Steroid hormones Nonsteroid hormones Endocrine System

    27. Hypothalamus and Pituitary gland Thyroid and Parathyroid glands Thymus Adrenal gland Pancreas Ovary Testis Endocrine System

    28. Controls and coordinates functions throughout the body Neurons are specialized cells that transmit impulses throughout the body. Nervous System Central Nervous System Peripheral Nervous System Somatic Autonomic Nervous System

    29. Dendrite Cell body Myelin sheath Axon Node of Ranvier Axon terminals Neuron

    30. Cerebrum Corpus callosum Thalamus Hypothalamus Midbrain Cerebellum Pons Medulla oblongata Spinal cord Human Brain

    31. Consists of the skin, hair, and nails Skin Epidermis Dermis Subcutaneous tissue Hair and nails Integumentary System

    32. A controlled, stable internal environment Gains and losses must balance Control systems Receptor, control center, effector Feedback loops Negative feedback Positive feedback Homeostasis

    33. Quiz Medical terminology http://www.quia.com/mc/65973.html Flash cards http://www.quia.com/jfc/65973.html