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WHY WERE CLICKERS INVENTED? - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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WHY WERE CLICKERS INVENTED?. 1972—Consensor—Bill Simmons – retired IBM Executive. A need to access, evaluate, and extend classroom activities. A need for students to be active participants in their learning/lesson. Benefits of Clickers. Improve attentiveness Increase knowledge retention

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why were clickers invented
WHY WERE CLICKERS INVENTED?
  • 1972—Consensor—Bill Simmons – retired IBM Executive.
  • A need to access, evaluate, and extend classroom activities.
  • A need for students to be active participants in their learning/lesson.
benefits of clickers
Benefits of Clickers
  • Improve attentiveness
  • Increase knowledge retention
  • Poll anonymously
  • Track individual responses
  • Display polling results immediately
  • Create an interactive and fun learning environment
  • Confirm audience understanding of key points immediately
  • Gather data for reporting and analysis
development
DEVELOPMENT
  • 1966 Hollywood used clickers to poll audiences
  • Late 1960’s IBM used them for interactive board meetings.
  • Rice College was one of the first colleges to use Audio response systems.
  • Today’s use in K-12 classrooms
commercialization
COMMERCIALIZATION
  • Production
  • Manufacturing
  • Packaging and Marketing
  • Distribution
reasons for production and manufacturing
REASONS forPRODUCTION and MANUFACTURING
  • Improve Attentiveness
  • Increase Knowledge Retention
  • Poll Anonymously
  • Track Individual Responses
  • Display Polling Results Immediately
  • Create an Interactive and Fun Learning Environment
  • Confirm Audience Understanding of Key Points Immediately
  • Gather Data for Reporting and Analysis
places clickers are used
PLACES CLICKERS ARE USED
  • Education
  • Corporate Training
  • Control Self-Assessment
  • Delegate Voting
  • Marketing Research
  • Decision Support
  • Game Shows (Audience Response)
  • Conferences and Events
  • Executive Decision Making
  • Continuing Medical Education
packaging and marketing
PACKAGING and MARKETING
  • Easy to store system
  • Typically sold as classroom sets
  • Software with a variety of functions.
    • Test generator
    • Prepackaged power point lessons
    • Data analysis charts and graphs
    • Grade book programs
distribution
DISTRIBUTION
  • Internet
    • eInstruction
    • SMART Student Response System
    • IRespond
i know that the clickers began being used in 1960 however i can t find any data for their diffusion
I know that the “clickers” began being used in 1960. However, I can’t find any data for their diffusion.
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Innovators and Early Adopters

    • New Teachers –eager to try new things
    • Technology Savvy Teachers—always eager for new technology.
    • Assessment Oriented teachers—always looking for now ways to assess students’ knowledge.
      • Relative Advantage
      • Compatibility
  • Laggards
    • Veteran Teachers—teachers set in their ways
    • Non-tech Teachers—teachers who are uncomfortable with technology.
      • Relative Advantage
      • Complexity
      • Trial ability
  • Perceived attributes to help clickers meet critical mass
      • Relative Advantage
      • Trial Ability
references
References
  • Clickers on Wikipedia
  • Consensor and ComTec History
  • IBM Study Proves Use of Student Response Systems Increases Attentiveness
  • The Features and Potential of Interactive Response System