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Australia's History

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  1. Australia's History

  2. History History of Australia began when Dutch explorers first came to the country in 17th century. Indigenous Australian are the first human inhabitants of the Australian continent and its nearby island.

  3. Federation in 1901 The federation of Australia was the process by which the six separate British self-governing colonies of New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria and Western Australia formed a federation. When the Constitution of Australia came into force, on January 1 1901, the colonies collectively became states of the Commonwealth of Australia.

  4. Federation of Australia The Commonwealth of Australia passed on 5 July 1900 and was given Royal Assent by Queen Victoria on 9 July. On 1 January 1901 the proclamation of the Commonwealth of Australia was held in Centennial Park, Sydney Sir Edmund Barton was sworn in as the interim Prime Minister, leading an interim Prime Minister, leading an interim Federal ministry of nine members.

  5. Federation of Australia Opposition The individual colonies were somewhat wary of federation. Smaller colonies in particular were wary of delegating power to a national government which they feared would be dominated by the more populous New South Wales and Victoria.

  6. Federation Australia The separate colonies maintained control over their respective navies until March 1, 1901, when the Commonwealth Naval Forced was created.

  7. Federation A federation (Latin: foedus, covenant) is a union comprising a number of partially self-governing states or regions united by a central ("federal") government. In a federation, the self-governing status of the component states is typically constitutionally entrenched and may not be altered by a unilateral decision of the central government.

  8. Federation in Different Country Some federations are called asymmetric because some states have more autonomy than others. An example of such a federation is Malaysia, in which Sarawak and Sabah entered the federation on different terms and conditions to the states of Peninsular Malaysia.

  9. Royal Navy in Australia The Commonwealth Naval Forces were established on 1 March 1901, two months after the Federation of Australia. On 10 July 1911, King George V granted the title of 'Royal Australian Navy'.

  10. During World War I there was initially responsible for capturing many of Germany's colonies in the South Pacific and protecting Australian shipping from the German East Asia Squadron. For the remainder of the war most of the major ships operated as part of Royal Navy forces in the Mediterranean and North Seas.

  11. During the 1920s and early 1930s the Royal Australian Navy was greatly reduced in size. As international tensions increased, however, the RAN was modernised and expanded.

  12. The RAN is commanded through Naval Headquarters (NHQ) in Canberra. The professional head is the Chief of Navy (CN), ranked as a Vice-Admiral.

  13. Landmarks named for Federation These Landmarks are: Federation Peak Federation Highway Federation Square Federation Range Federation Creek

  14. Federation Peak Federation Peak is a prominent mountain (elevation 1,224 meters) located in the Southwest National Park of Tasmania, Australia The peak, 90 km from Hobart, was named after the Federation of Australia and is often described as one of the Hardest bushwalking challenges in Australia

  15. Federation Highway The Federal Highway is a short highway in New South Wales and the Australian Capital Territory in Australia. It is a part of the Sydney-Canberra National Highway link

  16. Federation Square is located in Melbourne Australia, It compromises a series of buildings containing a public broadcaster, art galleries, a museum, cinemas, exhibition spaces, auditoria, restaurants, bars and shops around two major public spaces, one covered (The Atrium), the other open the sky, and composed of two spaces that flow into one another Federation Square

  17. References www.wikipedia.com www.educationchannel.com

  18. By:Lance Franco 8Y

  19. The End