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U. S. History I

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  1. U. S. History I Chapter 4: Triumph of Industry 1865-1914 IN STD: USH.2.1-2.4, 9.3-9.4 From Left: Pullman Car, George Pullman, and Pullman Co. Poster

  2. Causes of the Industrialization 1. Natural Resources • Edwin Drake: Drilled first oil well in U.S. History in Titusville, Pennsylvania • Oil: Before: used to boil whale blubber/After: Kerosene and gasoline (after automobile) 2. Large Workforce • Immigration increased (Asia and Europe) 3. Capitalism and Entrepreneurs • Entrepreneur: One who risks (invests) money in order to make money • Horatio Alger: Wrote: “Rags to Riches” novels about “entrepreneurial spirit” 4. Government Policy -Laissez-Faire: “Free Enterprise” Government took “hand’s-off” approach to business (Supply/Demand) with little regulation (rules) -Protective Tariffs: Taxes on imports aimed at protecting local business

  3. “Rags to Riches” Novels: Horatio Alger

  4. Patent: Exclusive permission to develop and sell an Invention for a certain period of time Thomas Edison: Inventor who set up Menlo Park Research Laboratory in New Jersey: Invented Light Bulb (1880) Alexander Graham Bell: 1876: Patented Telephone Gugliemo Marconi: Wireless Telegraph: “Father of Radio” Innovation Drives the Nation

  5. STEEL • Bessemer Process: Henry Bessemer: Purifying Iron by “Blasting” it with intense heat • Suspension Bridges: Roadway suspended in air w/ steel cables. • -Brooklyn Bridge: 1883: First of its kind • Skyscraper: Used steel frames for height: Home Insurance Building: Chicago: First Skyscraper ever built

  6. Technology and Transportation • Railroads • George Westinghouse: 1869: Invented Air Brakes • Granville Woods: 1887: Train Telegraph • Gustavus Swift: Refrigerated Rail Car • BIG Problem: Times were set independently (Usually using sun) Scheduling Became Impossible • SOLUTION: 1884: 27 Countries created 24 “Time-Zones” • Airplane: 1903: Orville and Wilbur Wright: Kitty Hawk, N.C. First Successful Flight

  7. DID YOU KNOW: The Wright brothers (top) used an airplane design created by a Dr. Chanute (bottom) of Chicago. Chanute developed his design by flying his “glider” at the Indiana Sand Dunes! (Miller Beach)… so you could say that the Airplane was invented in Indiana!!! FYI

  8. Railroads stimulated (Sped up/helped) innovation and industrialization -Brought Natural Resources from Western U.S. Mass Production: Factories turned out large numbers of product in short amount of time. Spiral of Growth

  9. 1. Linked World Markets: Food…etc. 2. Changed American Society: Growth of Cities 3. Environmental Problems: Pollution -National Park Service: 1872: Formed to protect environment against abuses of business. *Yellowstone National Park: 1872: First National Park in U.S. History *Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore: 1966 Impact of Industrialization