Colonial America New England Colonies Middle Colonies Southern Colonies
Colonial America • Most of the homes in colonial America were replicas of the English cottages in England. • They are made of wood boards and they have steep thatched roofs. • The cottages have only room called a keeping room. • There is a fireplace for warmth and cooking.
Colonial Clothing • Boys and men wore breeches. Breeches are short pants that stop at the knee. Along with the breeches, boys and men were long stockings up to the knee. • Girls and Women wore long wool skirts, aprons, and coifs. Coifs are like bonnets, or a type of hat.
Colonial Food • Colonists grew corn and other vegetables. Much of the corn is ground into cornmeal for making cornbread. • They drank milk from goats and they ate ham and bacon from their pigs. • The got eggs from their chickens. • To preserve their meats, they salt or smoke the meat to prevent it from spoiling.
Colonial Food • Extra food was stored in dirt undergrounds called cellars.
Different Colonies • Colonies were divided according to the region of the country they were located: • New England • Middle Colonies • Southern Colonies
New England Colonies • New Hampshire • Massachusetts • Rhode Island • Conneticut
New England Colonies • rich in forest and fur trapping • Farmland was only good enough for small farms; gardens • flourished in fishing, shipbuilding, lumbering, and fur trading • things traded– furs, slaves, and molasses
Middle Colonies • New York • New Jersey • Pennsylvania • Delaware
Middle Colonies • excellent farmland; farmers grew grains and raised livestock • natural harbors • practiced trading like New England, traded raw materials for manufactured items (furniture) • established the idea of the freedom of the press
Southern Colonies • Maryland • Virginia • North Carolina • South Carolina • Georgia
Southern Colonies • grew their own food along with major cash crops: tobacco, rice, and indigo • plantations were kept up by slaves and indentured workers • Bacon’s Rebellion– Nathaniel Bacon led a group of Virginia colonist against Native Americans who were attacking frontier farms
Reading Selections • Clothes in Colonial America • Food in Colonial America • Fun and Games in Colonial America • Pocahontas: Peacemaker and Friend to the Colonists • The Plymouth: Pilgrim’s Story of Survival • These books are located in George Hall’s library.