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Colonial America
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  1. Colonial America Unit 1: Notes #1 9/5/12 Mr. Welch

  2. The Northern Colonies New Hampshire Massachusetts Rhode Island Connecticut

  3. Creation of New England • English Protestants who wanted to purify the Church of England of all Catholic traces were known as puritans • They wanted to form a colony where they could practice their religion freely • In England, they were persecuted for their beliefs by King James I • Some Puritans wanted total separation from the church they were known as Separatists

  4. Coming to America • The Pilgrims were a group of Separatists who set sail for America in 1620 on the Mayflower • After a 2 months at sea they landed in Massachusetts • There they signed the Mayflower Compact, a legal contract where they agreed to make laws for the general good • This is one of the first attempts at self-gov’t in the colonies

  5. Massachusetts Bay Colony • Inspired by the Pilgrims soon more Puritans moved to New England • Puritan merchants founded the Massachusetts Bay Colony • The port town of Boston became the colony’s thriving capital • Plymouth colony was eventually incorporated • John Winthrop became the leader of the MBC, he believed that the colony should be a moral society model for others to follow • “We (New England) shall be as a City upon a Hill. The eyes of all people are upon us.” • The MBC grew quickly, by 1643 there were 16,000 inhabitants

  6. John Winthrop & the MBC

  7. Rhode Island • The strict rule of the MBC caused many to leave the colony and settle new towns in other parts of New England • Rhode Island was founded by Roger Williams • He expressed that English settlers had no rightful claim to the land unless they purchased it from the Native Americans • He argued that every person should be free to worship according to his or her conscience • Rhode Island was founded with the ideas of religious freedom and separation of church and state

  8. Economy of the North • Massachusetts: Shipbuilding, shipping, fishing, lumber, rum, & meat products • New Hampshire: Ship masts, lumber, fishing, trade • Connecticut: Shipping, livestock, foodstuffs • Rhode Island: Rum, iron foundries, shipbuilding, snuff & livestock

  9. The Middle Colonies New York New Jersey Pennsylvania & Delaware

  10. Pennsylvania • King Charles II, owed money and favors to many people • In order to pay them back he established proprietary colonies, or land grants to loyal friends • William Penn was awarded land as part of an old debt • He established Pennsylvania as a haven for Quakers • Quakers believed in pacifism and tolerance so people of all religions were welcomes • Penn also believed in the Native American’s right to land

  11. New York • King Charles also granted land to his brother James the Duke of York • The land had previously been claimed by the Dutch • By 1674 the land was firmly in the hands of the English and the colony was renamed New York • The colonist of New York were very diverse having English, Dutch, Scandinavian, German, & French backgrounds

  12. Economy of the Middle Colonies • New York: furs, wheat, glass, shoes, livestock, shipping, ship building, rum, beer, snuff • Delaware: trade, foodstuffs • New Jersey: trade, foodstuffs, copper • Pennsylvania: flax, shipbuilding

  13. The Southern Colonies Georgia South Carolina North Carolina Virginia & Maryland

  14. Virginia • In 1607 Jamestown became the first English settlement to survive • Their economy was largely based on the very profitable tobacco plant • Indentured servants and African slaves were needed for the very labor intensive harvest of the plant • By the late 1600s it became more profitable for the tobacco farmers to have only slaves

  15. Maryland & the Carolinas • In 1634 Lord Baltimore established the colony of Maryland as a refuge for English Catholics • Catholics were also being persecuted in England for their beliefs • The Carolinas and Georgia also started out as land grants from King Charles II • In southern Carolina rich rice plantations grew up along rivers • Their economy depended heavily on slave labor • In northern Carolina mainly had small farmers • These differences led to their official separation by the king

  16. Economy of the Southern Colonies • Virginia: tobacco, wheat, cattle, iron • Maryland: Tobacco, wheat, snuff • North Carolina: naval supplies, tobacco, furs • South Carolina: rice, indigo, silk • Georgia: indigo, rice, naval supplies, lumber