Peer Benchmarking Antibiotics . July 25, 2012 – DRAFT. Peer & Competitive Benchmarking Antibiotic Positions. Large Processors & Suppliers Cargill Tyson JBS Swift Seaboard Prestage Farms Hormel Sara Lee Smithfield. Restaurants McDonalds Burger King Wendy’s Compass Group
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July 25, 2012 –DRAFT
Administered to a group of animals when a proportion of the animals in the group exhibit clinical signs of disease
Administered only to animals exhibiting signs of disease
The FDA considers treatment, control, and prevention all to be "therapeutic" uses targeting a specific disease or agent, whereas growth promotion is what some call a "sub-therapeutic.“
Comply with FDA guidelines
Only used to prevent, treat & control disease
*Residue-free, no hormones added (which in pork isn’t allowed any ways)
No antibiotics, EVER! (Whole Foods)
“First national restaurant company to serve 100% naturally raised meat, all of which comes from animal that are raised in a humane way and never given antibiotics or added hormones.” (Chipolte)“
Do, on occasion, incur unpredictable and short-term supply disruptions
“Strives to provide ‘clean” food at a reasonable price…” (Panera)
Serves antibiotic-free chicken
Added some antibiotic-free roasted turkey
Serves a growing portion of pork products
“Does not sell any meat that was produced with antibiotics” (Applegate Farms)
“Works with a network of nearly a thousand family farmers who use common-sense animal husbandry practices like a clean environment, enough space and 100% vegetarian diet, and as a result, we’ve managed to have less than 1% of our producers’ animals fall ill.”
“Seeking to reduce its purchasing of products raised with routine usage of antibiotics, and now offers its guests poultry and beef products that are produced without routine use of antibiotics.”
McDonald’s global minimum standard prohibits the use of antibiotics belonging to classes of compounds approved for use in human medicine when used solely for growth promotion purposes. This applies to all global suppliers where McDonald’s has a direct relationship in the meat purchasing supply chain process. Today, this means that poultry suppliers and our direct-relationship poultry suppliers (approximately 60% of our poultry supply) around the world acknowledge their compliance with our antibiotics policy. For suppliers with whom McDonald’s does not have a direct relationship, compliance with this policy is a favorable factor in purchasing decisions. Some McDonald’s markets have government regulations that supersede McDonald's policy. In Europe, for example, use of antibiotics for any purpose other than disease treatment or prevention is prohibited for all products.
It is a violation of Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act (FFDCA) to sell livestock for slaughter that may contain drug residues or chemicals that exceed tolerances in meat established by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). The U.S. Department of Agriculture’s (USDA) Food Safety Inspection Service (FSIS) Residue Monitoring Program tests meat and animal organs to ensure that livestock producers have followed safe production methods regarding any pharmaceutical use. USDA inspectors visually check each animal at the packing plant for signs that they were managed with safe production methods regarding use of veterinary drugs and hormones. In the rare instance of a violative drug residue finding, the animal’s carcass and all parts are condemned. In such cases, USDA notifies FDA of the violation, and FDA in turn contacts the livestock producer. Tyson Fresh Meats supports the efforts of the National Cattlemen's Beef Association (NCBA) and the National Pork Producers Council (NPPC), which stress the importance of producers controlling drug residues in their livestock. A unified commitment to animal health helps maintain the critical balance between ensuring the needs of our animals are met and providing our customers and consumers with the quality food products they deserve.
Illustration from trade associations letter to Rep. Slaughte (June 2012)
Carnevale estimated that medically important antibiotics make up roughly half of the total volume of antibiotics used in food animals (Richard Carnevale, DVM, the AHI's vice president of regulatory, scientific, and international affairs)