Britain 1850-1979. The Arrival of the Welfare State 1945-1951. Aims. Examine the impact of World War Two on Britain. Identify the main ideas and principles behind the Beveridge Report. The Impact of World War Two. Evacuation
The Arrival of the Welfare State 1945-1951
The evacuation of 1.5 million people made many others aware of the depth and extent of poverty which existed in Britain.
Both rich and poor suffered during the Blitz and were forced to rely on the government after their homes were reduced to rubble
The government had to intervene in many areas of peoples’ lives in order to coordinate the war effort. Many new government departments were set up e.g. the Ministry of Food
The war showed the British people that government intervention was the most effective way of meeting peoples’ needs during the war.
The experience of war increased
government intervention and changed
peoples’ attitudes – the British people
were not just concerned with winning
the war but they were also concerned
about what life in Britain would be
like after the war.
Beveridge identified 5 Giants in
According to Beveridge the 5 Giants
could be tackled:
The new system had to be based on
“The purpose of victory is to live in a better world than the old world; each individual citizen is more likely to concentrate upon his war effort if he feels his government will be ready in time with plans for that better world”
Extract from the Beveridge Report
After coming to power in a landslide
Election victory the new Labour
Government led by Clement Atlee
introduced reforms in the following