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Global 9. The Byzantine Empire and Russia. The Eastern half of the Roman Empire Emperor Constantine built Constantinople on site of Greek city of Byzantium. Origins. Constantinople was the center of the Byzantine Empire On a peninsula

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Global 9

Global 9

The Byzantine Empire and Russia


The Eastern half of the Roman Empire

Emperor Constantine built Constantinople on site of Greek city of Byzantium



Constantinople was the center of the Byzantine Empire

On a peninsula

Overlooking the Bosporus (strait connecting Black Sea to the Mediterranean)

Good harbor



Constantinople controlled

key trade routes because of its

central location.

This area blended Greek,

Roman, and Christian influences

and spread them to other regions

of the world.


The age of justinian

Justinian- Emperor

527-565 determined to

revive ancient Rome by

recovering lost provinces

Recovered North Africa,

Italy, Southern Spain

The Age of Justinian

Justinian code

Emperor Justinian set up a

commission to collect, revise,

and organize all the laws of

Ancient Rome

Created the Corpus JurisCivilis

“Body of Civil Law” (Justininan’s Code)

By 1100 these laws had reached Western Europe

Catholic church and Medieval monarchs modeled their laws on these principles

Justinian Code

Hagia sophia

Justinian wanted to restore Roman glory in architecture as well.

Greatest accomplishment- the Church of Hagia Sophia

Hagia Sophia

Absolute power

Justinian rule with well.

absolute power (Autocrat)

Power over church-

Christ’s co-ruler

Unlike feudal monarchs

he combined political

power and spiritual


Absolute Power

After justinian

Attacks by Persians, Slavs, Vikings, Mongols, and Turks unsuccessful

Served as a buffer to Western Europe

Strong central government,

and prosperous economy

Peasants were backbone

of empire- worked the land,

paid taxed, served in military

After Justinian

Byzantine church
Byzantine Church unsuccessful

Events leading to Schism (permanent split) between Byzantine (Greek Orthodox) and Roman Catholic Churches

Crisis and collapse

By the time of the schism the Byzantine empire was in decline

Local lords gained power

Normans conquered southern Italy

Seljuk Turks advanced across Asia Minor

Crisis and Collapse

The crusades

1090’s Byzantine emperor called for help to fight the Turks

The result- The First Crusade

Problems between Byzantine Empire and Venice arose

Venetian merchants persuaded knights to attack Constantinople in 1204

The Crusades

Constantinople falls

1453 Ottoman forces surrounded Constantinople lead by Mohammad II

Capital became known as Istanbul- a center of Muslim culture

Constantinople falls

Byzantine heritage

For almost 1000 years Mohammad II

the Byzantine empire

continued Hellenistic


Blended Christian religious

beliefs with Greek science,

philosophy, arts, and literature

Extended Roman

achievement in engineering

and law

Byzantine Heritage

Byzantine arts

Great contributions Mohammad II

especially in religious

art and architecture

Famous mosaics

Byzantine Arts

World of learning

Scholars preserved classic Mohammad II

works of ancient Greece

Famous historians- Anna

Comnena first famous female

historian wrote- the Alexiad

analyzing reign of her father

Emperor Alexius I

Work of Greek scholars

contributed to growth of

knowledge known as the


World of Learning