Exploration in Tudor Times. History Year 8. Sir Walter Raleigh. I am a very famous and important man!. The great Elizabethan Age of Exploration was at first dominated by the Portuguese and the Spanish.
I am a very famous
and important man!
The Golden Age of Exploration also saw the emergence of English explorers such as Sir Francis Drake (1542-1596) and Sir Walter Raleigh (1554-1618).
Which do you think might have been the greatest motivation?
There were many Famous Explorers during 1400 - 1600
During his reign Henry spent a great deal of money building up a large fleet to defend the kingdom.
* We will return to this after Christmas
The ships used in Tudor times were called galleons.
These were very large ocean going ships, four times as long as they were wide.
They had a special deck for cannons.
They were broad, slow and not very manoeuvrable.
The Mary Rose was King Henry VIII's favourite warship.
While heading for action in 1545, Mary Rose sank in the Solent, just off Portsmouth, with a tragic loss of life.
Nine-one guns were found on board the ship.
There were also 138 long bows and 3,500 arrows stowed on the ship
Among the treasures he brought back were tobacco and potatoes.
He named Virginia in America after Queen Elizabeth, the Virgin Queen.
A huge fleet, or armada of 130 ships was to sail up the English Channel to the Netherlands.
It would be joined by an army of 30,000 men and take them to the English coast.
Where they would land and invade England returning it to the Catholic religion.
The English fleet, led by Lord Howard and Sir Francis Drake, attacked the Armada on 21 July near Plymouth.
They tried to escape but knew they were trapped and decided to drop anchor near Calais harbour.
The Spaniards were afraid and cut their anchor ropes and fled out to sea.
When the battle began the Spaniards were already beginning to fall.
The English destroyed four Spanish ships and damaged many more.
The Spaniards were beaten but their only way home was to sail right round the north of Scotland and into the Atlantic Ocean.
Just 60 ships made it back to Spain.
But was that the whole story?
For the next episode see next week!