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1000-1450. Review. Dar al-Islam. Middle East, North Africa, Spain Sub-Saharan Africa, India, Southeast Asia Syncretic. Umayyad Caliphate. Capital Damascus Mawalis (non-Arab Muslims) pay taxes Dhimmis (people of the Book) tolerated Wealthy and powerful. Abassid Caliphate.

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1000 1450

1000-1450

Review

dar al islam
Dar al-Islam
  • Middle East, North Africa, Spain
  • Sub-Saharan Africa, India, Southeast Asia
  • Syncretic
umayyad caliphate
Umayyad Caliphate
  • Capital Damascus
  • Mawalis (non-Arab Muslims) pay taxes
  • Dhimmis (people of the Book) tolerated
  • Wealthy and powerful
abassid caliphate
Abassid Caliphate
  • Capital Baghdad
  • Mawalis equal to Arab Muslims, no taxation
  • Dhimmis tolerated
  • Wealthy, cosmopolitan
  • High literary culture, preserved ancient culture
  • Trade and commerce encouraged, middlemen between Asia, Europe, Africa
china and east asia
China and East Asia
  • Golden Age of China: Sui, Tang, Song Dynasties
  • Sui Dynasty: reunification after Three Kingdom Period. Buddhism dominant
  • Building projects like the Grand Canal raise taxes, cause peasant revolts
tang dynasty
Tang Dynasty
  • China at greatest territorial extent
  • Capital Changan
  • Center of trade (Silk Road)
  • Buddhism
  • Neo-Confucianism develops during later Tang as Emperors distrusted Buddhist power and wealth
slide8
Empress Wu greatest Tang ruler
  • Tang conquered by invaders,
song dynasty
Song Dynasty
  • Northern Song: capital Kaifeng
  • Southern Song; capital Hangzhou
  • Buddhism, Neo-Confucianism gradually gaining strength
slide10
Population moves south
  • Tea, fish, rice
  • Population growth
  • Commercial Revolution
  • Proto-industrial
  • Neo-Confucianists oppose industrialization, foreign trade, support agriculture. China must not be dragged down by foreigners
  • Gunpowder, printing, equine collar harness
korea japan east asia
Korea, Japan, East Asia
  • Chinese cultural influence: writing system, Buddhism, missionaries, merchants encourage cultural diffusion
  • Japan’s classical period: Heian Period
  • Buddhism, Chinese culture. Cultural copying
  • Capital: Kyoto
slide12
Feudalism develops as Emperors lose power.
  • Shoguns (military rulers) dominate bakufu (tent governments.
  • Kamakura Shogunate defeated Mongol invasions
  • Ashikaga Shogunate
slide13
Japanese feudalism less structured, formal than European feudalism of same period.
  • Similar hierarchical structure
india
India
  • Center of manufacturing and trade
  • Indian Ocean trade: monsoons.
  • India “on the way to everywhere”
  • Improves imported crops, sends them to rest of world
  • Indian numerals, zero, cotton, spices
europe
Europe
  • Dark Ages
  • Church and Popes held enormous power
  • 800-1300 Medieval warm period
  • Equine collar harness
  • Population growth
charlemagne
Charlemagne
  • Unifies most of Western Europe
  • Empire divided by his grandsons
  • Feudalism
  • Warfare
trade revives
Trade revives
  • Champagne region: crossroads, wise rulers, Jewish population
  • Flanders: wool, North Sea trade
  • Italy: Venice and Genoa link to rest of world
crusades
Crusades
  • Religious wars
  • Europeans recognize they are backwards when exposed to Eastern culture
  • Little effect on Dar al-Islam
americas
Americas
  • Separate civilizations
  • Toltecs, Aztecs
  • Incas
  • Circumstantial evidence of contact
mongols
Mongols
  • Chinggis Khan and sons/grandsons conquer most of Asia including China.
  • Opened trade routes
  • Religious toleration
  • Forbidden City of Beijing symbol of multicutural empire
slide21
Dar al Islam destroyed, Ottoman Turks spread into Middle East
  • Russia conquered, ruled by Golden Horde, isolated from West
  • Black Death spreads to Europe over trade routes
  • Yuan Dynasty in China, foreign rulers hated by Chinese, Confucianists
calamitous 14 th century
Calamitous 14th century
  • Little Ice Age
  • Conflict
  • Black Death
  • European development slowed down
1400s
1400s
  • Ming Voyages halted
  • Ottoman Turks “conquest over commerce”
  • European revival, new interest in outside world.
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