Non-fiction Review English 1
Warm-Up 1/2/2013 • Edit the following sentence: tony was to have gave we boys the movie reviews to right for the school newspaper however some other students writed it
We will cover … • Authors Purpose • Independent and Dependent Clauses • Fragments/ Run-ons • Parts of Speech • Fact vs. Opinion • Main Idea and Supporting Details
Author’s Purpose English I
How does this look on the EOC? 1. What is the author’s main purpose in writing this selection? A. to warn against the dangers of smoking cigarettes B.to describe the life of a country doctor C.to compare the jobs of rural and city doctors D.to argue for the importance of a good bedside manner
Author’s Purpose • Every writer has a purpose in mind when he/she writes. • The purpose that the writer chooses will determine what kind of style, word choice, and structure he or she will use. • You can determine the author's purpose by watching the clues in word choice, style, tone, point of view, and structure • Authors write for three main reasons: to inform, to entertain, or to persuade.
To Inform • To teach • To give information to the reader • Just the facts, please! The writer leaves out his or her personal opinions. • The writer knows what he or she is talking about. • The writing is objective and presents both sides of an issue • Examples are: News articles, Textbooks, Biographies, Documentaries, Book Reports, Instruction Manuals, Charts, Graphs, Tables, and Maps
To Entertain • To hold the attention of the reader through enjoyment • Includes fiction, like mystery novels, as well as plays, poems, short stories, and comic books. • Will often include factual information, and they will often include the author's opinion or characters' opinions. But overall, the purpose is the reader's enjoyment • Examples are: Novels, Short Stories, Poetry, and Drama
To Persuade • To convince the reader of a certain point of view • Tries to convince the reader to agree with an opinion, but the author will probably use facts to build a strong argument. • Part of being a good reader is noticing what the writer doesn't say. • If the author presents lots of facts, but they only inform you about one side of an issue, the purpose is probably to persuade. • Examples are Advertisements, Editorials, Essays, and Campaign Speeches
How do we identify the purpose? Think: • Who is the intended audience? • What facts are identified facts? • Are the facts intended to provide knowledge or to entertain the reader? • Are the facts being used to convince the reader of something? • Identify opinions and personal testimonies for those opinions.
What is the purpose of the text below? • Ex.1: Most experienced drivers would agree that while it is more exhilarating to ride a motorcycle than to drive an automobile, it is foolish to think that this leads to careless driving and, therefore more accidents, deaths, and injuries occur to motorcycle riders than car drivers. • Who is the intended audience? • What facts are identified facts? • Are the facts intended to provide knowledge or to entertain the reader? • Are the facts being used to convince the reader of something? • Identify opinions and personal testimonies for those opinions.
What is the purpose of the text below? • Ex.2: Every fourth of July, Ralph invites his whole family to stay on the lake and make up a jeg. They called new dances “jegs.” They danced, pranced and usually did a little shake. They stuck out one leg and gave it a wiggle, aunt Lilly was so big hers started to jiggle. They moved the one leg and Jim said it was a cranky jeg. The 5 year old little brother stood up and said no it’s the stanky leg. • Who is the intended audience? • What facts are identified facts? • Are the facts intended to provide knowledge or to entertain the reader? • Are the facts being used to convince the reader of something? • Identify opinions and personal testimonies for those opinions.
What is the purpose of the text below? • Ex. 3: There are nine historically Black Greek letter organizations that make up the National Pan-Hellenic Council. Collectively, these organizations are referred to as "The Divine Nine." Each of these fraternities and sororities is rich in history - ties to one or more of these organizations may be found in many college-educated Black families in the United States. • Who is the intended audience? • What facts are identified facts? • Are the facts intended to provide knowledge or to entertain the reader? • Are the facts being used to convince the reader of something? • Identify opinions and personal testimonies for those opinions.
Identify the author’s purpose of this text • Try the following one on your own, answering all of the questions we have been practicing. To the people of poor nations, we pledge to work alongside you to make your farms flourish and let clean waters flow; to nourish starved bodies and feed hungry minds. And to those nations like ours that enjoy relative plenty, we say we can no longer afford indifference to suffering outside our borders; nor can we consume the world's resources without regard to effect. For the world has changed, and we must change with it. Will you work to help this nation is the question I ask of you.
Keep this in mind as we move on to our reading for today • NONFICTION WOOT WOOT!!!! • Homework Due tomorrow!
The Lost boys • Peter Pan
The Lost boys of Sudan • Video Clip
Vocabulary • civil war: conflict between groups in the same country or nation. • Emigrant: person who moves from their existing country or region to a new country or region. • human migration: the movement of people from one place to another. • Immigrant: person who moves to a new country. • Refugee: person who flees their home, usually due to natural disaster or political upheaval. • Resettlement: transportation of people to a new residential area, usually following a natural or man-made disaster.
Today’s Reading • You will read two nonfiction articles today about the lost boys • Once you have read each article you need to identify the author’s purpose for each article
Finish early? • Get started on your Author’s Purpose homework
Closing: • What is your reaction to the Lost boys? How do you think you would handle their situation? • Tease for Tomorrow • Many of the Lost Boys were resettled in America. Think about the culture shock they faced? What are some things that we take for granted that you think will be new to the lost boys?
Warm- Up: 1/3/2013 Edit the following Sentence: in march them students will read the short story a visit of charity which was wrote in the twentieth century
Independent/dependent clauses English I
Independent and Dependent Clauses • An independent clause can stand alone. • However, a dependent clausecannot stand alone.
Independent and Dependent Clauses • An independent clause is a group of words that contains a subject and a verb and expresses a complete thought. • It can be a sentence all on its own. • Ex: The dark barks. • A dependent clause is a group of words that contains a subject and/or a verb but does NOT express a complete thought. • It cannot be a complete sentence. • Ex: When the dog barks.
Show me your independence! Dependent (DC) Independent (IC) • After spring break. • Since I stayed up late to watch Kentucky vs. Kansas. • After spring break, I counted down the days til the EOC. • I was tired since I stayed up late watching Kentucky vs. Kansas.
Dependent Clauses (DC) One way to identify a DC is to look for subordinating conjunctions: • after • although • as • because • before • even if • even though • if • in order that • once • provided that • rather than • since • so that • than • that • though • unless until • when • whenever • where • whereas • wherever • whether • while • why
What type of clause is it? I N D E P E N D E N T D E P E N D E N T “All the women who independent Throw your hands up at me.” Kim is always dependent on a man! Reggie Bush, Kris Humphries… and now, Kayne West?
What type of clause is it? I N D E P E N D E N T D E P E N D E N T For the following sentences, identify if they are independent like the Destiny’s Child song, or dependent like Kim Kardashian’s dating life..
HOT SEAT! • 3 at a time in order • Audience members must be silent unless called on • No helping those in the hot seat! (Do NOT shout out answers) • No talking during transitions! • Everyone must participate!
What type of clause is it? Duke had a disappointing basketball team.
What type of clause is it? Even if we have to stay up late.
What type of clause is it? You should download Nicki Minaj’s song “Starships.”
What type of clause is it? Because I thought it was going to be warmer today.
Fragments, Run-on’s and Complete Sentences • Fragments = Dependent clause on its own, not a complete thought • Run-ons = 2 or more independent clauses not connected by a conjunction (FANBOYS), comma, or semi-colon.
Correct Sentences • Independent + conjunction + Independent • Dependent + Independent • Independent • Keep in mind you can have as many phrases as you want as long as they make sense and help the sentence make a complete thought: • Ex: Before you go to the dance, you need to clean your room, wash the car, mow the lawn, and do the laundry.
Fragment, Run-on, or Complete? If you are hungry, the only place that you need to go is Sammy’s Restaurant and there you should order the double bacon burger and fries.
Fragment, Run-on, or correct? It is on Seventh Avenue before you reach the mall.
Fragment, Run-on, or complete? I prefer a booth near one of the big screen TVs I can see better that way.
Fragment, Run-on, or Complete? Because Marcus and Christopher are always talking about it.
Fragment, Run-on, or Complete? The long luxurious summers with beautiful flowers, green trees and chirping birds.
What is culture? Culture
Quick Read: • re-hitting nonfiction! • The Lost Boys • PAGE 595- 597 • Starting at “NIGHTIME IN AMERICA?”
Cultural Identity • Imagine never getting to return to your home. How would you keep your traditions alive and make your own home away from home. • 3 Video Clips • As you go answer the questions in complete sentences. • If you finish the questions begin working on your homework (dependent and independent half sheet)