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Cultural Foundations of Education. Ed 405.3 Peter Appelbaum. What is this course about?.

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Cultural Foundations of Education

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    1. Cultural Foundations of Education Ed 405.3 Peter Appelbaum What's Culture? -- 5/19/03

    2. What is this course about? • Macedo & Bartholomé: culture is “the representation of lived experiences, material objects, and practices forged within the unequal and dialectical relations that different groups establish in a given society at a particular point in historical time.” • Villegas: “human intellectual activities at work, home, play.” What's Culture? -- 5/19/03

    3. What is this course about? • Our basic premise is that education is a social and cultural process that shapes the ways in which individuals, in the context of their lived-realities, make sense of themselves and others within systems of power and privilege. Within this framework, education is regarded as a significant political force in creating, maintaining, and challenging assumptions of neutrality, hierarchies of race, ethnicity, gender, class, and sexual difference. What's Culture? -- 5/19/03

    4. What is this course about? • Cultural Foundations also examines the interplay between the practices and policies which structure educational processes at the site of institutions and the systemic reproduction of inequality within society. We consider, for example, public policies and institutional practices and issues such as testing, measurement, tracking and labeling, curriculum development, funding, and community involvement. This examination involves extending the meaning of education to include the study of cultural forces outside of schools such as television, the media, popular culture, cultural policy and more. What's Culture? -- 5/19/03

    5. Why do we care about Culture? • Culture is knowledge, some of it conscious and "pickled" into coded or traditional forms, such as myths and rules, some of it quite unconscious and automatic, such as the rules and structures that allow language speakers to understand each other. • This knowledge is learned both formally and unconsciously within human groups, and is heavily dependent upon language as a medium for transmission. • Culture is shared betweengenerations and within generations, but this sharing is neither completely uniform, nor without error. What's Culture? -- 5/19/03

    6. Why do we care about Culture? • There are esoteric (or specialist) compartments of culture in all societies, and various factors affect the accuracy with which culture is reproduced as it passes between individuals. • Humans, as individuals and as members of groups, use cultural assumptions to make senseof the world around them as they live out their lives. They also use culture to create strategies with respect to their group and individual interactions. What's Culture? -- 5/19/03

    7. Congratulate award winners. • The system of shared beliefs, values, customs, behaviours, and artifacts that the members of society use to cope with their world and with one another, and that are transmitted from generation to generation through learning What's Culture? -- 5/19/03

    8. Note areas of growth. • According to Samovar and Porter (1994), culture refers to the cumulative deposit of knowledge, experience, beliefs, values, attitudes, meanings, hierarchies, religion, notions of time, roles, spatial relations, concepts of the universe, and material objects and possessions acquired by a group of people in the course of generations through individual and group striving. What's Culture? -- 5/19/03

    9. Have impromptu reports on success. What's Culture? -- 5/19/03

    10. Address the Sales Challenge • Identify the need or opportunity. • To identify productive ways of using “culture” to inform our work as educators? What's Culture? -- 5/19/03

    11. Conduct a CreativeThinking Session • In what ways can we use “culture” to generate questions about education? • Assess the situation. Get the facts. • Generate possible solutions with green light, non-judgmental thinking. • Select the best solution. What's Culture? -- 5/19/03

    12. Generate possible solutions with green light, non-judgmental thinking. • Culture is communication, communication is culture. • Culture in its broadest sense is cultivated behavior; that is the totality of a person's learned, accumulated experience which is socially transmitted, or more briefly, behavior through social learning. • A culture is a way of life of a group of people--the behaviors, beliefs, values, and symbols that they accept, generally without thinking about them, and that are passed along by communication and imitation from one generation to the next. What's Culture? -- 5/19/03

    13. Generate possible solutions with green light, non-judgmental thinking. 4. Culture is symbolic communication. Some of its symbols include a group's skills, knowledge, attitudes, values, and motives. The meanings of the symbols are learned and deliberately perpetuated in a society through its institutions. 5. Culture consists of patterns, explicit and implicit, of and for behavior acquired and transmitted by symbols, constituting the distinctive achievement of human groups, including their embodiments in artifacts; the essential core of culture consists of traditional ideas and especially their attached values; culture systems may, on the one hand, be considered as products of action, on the other hand, as conditioning influences upon further action. What's Culture? -- 5/19/03

    14. Generate possible solutions with green light, non-judgmental thinking. 6. Culture is the sum total of the learned behaviors of a group of people that are generally considered to be the tradition of that people and are transmitted from generation to generation. What's Culture? -- 5/19/03

    15. Set SMART Goals • Conduct SMART goal training (Literature Circles) • Specific – Role for preparing • Measurable – Evaluated according to criteria • Achievable – Can be done by next Wednesday • Realistic – Used by classrooms the world over • Time-phased – First experiment with articles, then with two novels What's Culture? -- 5/19/03

    16. Set SMART Goals (Cont’d) • Set team goals – choose articles • Set individual goals – what will you focus on while reading? What's Culture? -- 5/19/03

    17. Identify Skills Needed to Achieve Goals • Relationship selling. • Telephone skills. • Prospecting. • Asking questions. • Using evidence. • Handling objections. What's Culture? -- 5/19/03

    18. Get Commitment • Team commitments. • Individual commitments. What's Culture? -- 5/19/03

    19. Close • Have an inspirational close. Sets of Topics: • Community, Identity, Practices, Relations of Power (of Schools and other institutions of education) • Race, Gender, Class, Ethnicity, Sexual Orientation/Preference, Dis/Ability, and other categories of difference (of Schools and other institutions of education) • Lived Experiences, Material Objects, Practices (of Schools and other institutions of education) What's Culture? -- 5/19/03