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HIV/AIDS in the ASEAN Region

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  1. HIV/AIDS in the ASEAN Region

  2. Almost 1 million people newly infected in 2002 Almost 490,000 people died of AIDS in the past year About 2.1 million young people (aged 15 – 24) are living with HIV HIV/AIDS situation in Asia &Pacific

  3. HIV Situation in ASEAN Countries UNAIDS Report on the Global HIV/AIDS epidemic 2002

  4. ASEAN Work Programme on HIV/AIDS II (2002-2005)

  5. PRIORITIES FOR THE ASEAN WORK PROGRAMME ON HIV/AIDS II AWPII GENERAL OBJECTIVE OF AWPII To prevent the spread of HIV/AIDS and to mitigate the social and economic impact of the disease in ASEAN member countries

  6. to reduce the rate of HIV transmission in ASEAN member countries to create a positive and enabling environment for the prevention of HIV/AIDS and for the provision of comprehensive treatment, care and support for people living with HIV/AIDS in ASEAN member countries SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES OF AWPII

  7. to strengthen national responses to HIV/AIDS prevention, treatment, care and support programmes in ASEAN member countries through inter country activities to strengthen multi-sectoral collaboration and coordination among governments and regional partners (international agencies and NGOs, regional networks of people living with HIV/AIDS, international donors and private sector) to facilitate national and regional programmes. SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES OF AWPII (Cont)

  8. significant leveraging of political commitment through regional advocacy more efficient and effective use of regional partners’ technical and financial resources mobilisation of additional resources for country-level as well as regional strategies and activities EXPECTED OUTCOMES

  9. more effective national response through greater collaboration between countries on policy and programme issues of common concern improved access to, and availability of, technical support through the development of regional (horizontal or south-to-south) technical resource networks. EXPECTED OUTCOMES (Cont)

  10. Non-programme  activities to strengthen ongoing cooperation and collaboration in the region and internationally II. Joint action  programs where member countries jointly address regional needs and issues III. Regional activities in support of national programmes  programmes that strengthen and support national responses IV. Monitoring and evaluation  integrated into all programmes with support from a specialist at ASEC STRATEGIES FOR AWPII

  11. seriousness and complexity of HIV/AIDS programme validated and approved member countries to take leadership roles focus where more efficient and effective, and ASEAN can add value Not duplicating work of others activities already being implemented RESPONSE

  12. trans-boundary issues or those requiring inter-country cooperation eg population mobility implementation of international agreements eg UN resolutions on HIV/AIDS promote learning eg integrating HIV/AIDS into the development agenda to promote networks eg inter-faith dialogue economies of scale. eg for negotiating access and purchasing drug supplies PRINCIPLES FOR REGIONAL APPROACHESsame for HIV/AIDS as for other regional activities:

  13. Focus of ASEAN is cooperation to derive mutual benefits HOW CAN ASEAN ADD VALUE? in relation to HIV/AIDS: 1) foster policy leadership, strengthen negotiating position, and work on transboundary issues 2) create networks for promotion of HIV/AIDS strategies 3) act as a broker and facilitator for work of international organisations

  14. STRATEGY II: JOINT ACTION

  15. STRATEGY II: JOINT ACTION • Recall justifications for regional action: • transboundary issues, • international agreements, • learning from regional best practice, • sharing information, and • economies of scale.

  16. Increasing access to affordable drugs and test reagents Inter-country activities on mobile populations Inter-sectoral collaboration: 3.1. Integrating HIV/AIDS into the development agenda 3.2. Mitigating the socio-economic impacts of HIV/AIDS 3.3. Promoting HIV awareness among religious leaders Creating a positive environment ACTIVITIES OF THE JOINT ACTION STRATEGY

  17. 4. CREATING POSITIVE ENVIRONMENT Challenges • Stigma and discrimination create obstacles to prevention and care • ASEAN countries need to address the problem

  18. 4. CREATING POSITIVE ENVIRONMENT Response/key activities • AWPII includes: • Regional training on advocacy and anti-discrimination • Sectoral strategies and advocacy plans • Advocacy materials • Training journalists • Recognition of efforts to address stigma and discrimination

  19. 4. CREATING POSITIVE ENVIRONMENT Progress • APN+ survey on discrimination • Committee on Culture and Information training programme for journalists • Collaboration with programs of APN+ and APCASO

  20. STRATEGY III: REGIONAL ACTIVITIES IN SUPPORT OF NATIONAL PROGRAMMES

  21. Education programme and life skills training for youth Condom promotion and STD management Surveillance Treatment, care and support Prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmission HIV prevention among drug users Strengthening regional coordination among agencies working on youth and youth networks REGIONAL ACTIVITIES IN SUPPORT OF NATIONAL PROGRAMMES ACTIVITIES OF STRATEGY III

  22. 1. EDUCATION PROGRAMME AND LIFE SKILLS TRAINING FOR YOUTH Challenges • Youth particularly vulnerable • Difficulties in providing appropriate information • Formal and non-formal approaches, peer education and life skills strategies

  23. AWPII focuses on Advocacy for integrating HIV/AIDS Sharing experiences Building capacity 1. EDUCATION PROGRAMME AND LIFE SKILLS TRAINING FOR YOUTH Response/key activities

  24. Workshop on integrating HIV/AIDS SOMY proposal Education projects of International Organizations 1. EDUCATION PROGRAMME AND LIFE SKILLS TRAINING FOR YOUTH Progress

  25. 7. STRENGTHENING REGIONAL COORDINATION AMONG AGENCIES WORKING ON YOUTH AND YOUTH NETWORKS IN ASEAN Challenges • Young people prime target of programmes • Active participation crucial • ASEAN promotion of this Response/key activities • AWPII includes: • SOMY to mainstream HIV/AIDS • Advocacy • Encouraging and facilitating collaboration

  26. 7. STRENGTHENING REGIONAL COORDINATION AMONG AGENCIES WORKING ON YOUTH AND YOUTH NETWORKS IN ASEAN Progress • SOMY agreement to include HIV/AIDS at future meetings • UNICEF to work with ATFOA

  27. THANK YOU