AP English Language and Composition: Part B. BELLWORK. When a word refers to one person or thing, it is singular in number. When a word refers to more than one, it is plural in number. A verb agrees with its subject in number.
When a word refers to one person or thing, it is singular in number. When a word refers to more than one, it is plural in number. • A verb agrees with its subject in number. • The number of the subject is not changed by a phrase following the subject. NOTE: The subject is never part of a prepositional or non-essential phrase. AGREEMENT REVIEW Daily Language Skillbuilder #1 THE RULES Copy the above rules into the Grammar section of your notebook.
The confusion among shoppers (is, are) certainly understandable. • The traditional system of indicating quantities (makes, make) shopping a guessing game. • For example, the quantity printed on yogurt containers (tells, tell) the number of ounces in a container. • A shopper on the lookout for bargains (does not, do not) know whether liquid or solid measure is indicated. • Different brands of juice (shows, show) the same quantity in different ways. • One can with a label showing twenty-four ounces (contains, contain) the same quantity as a can with a label showing one pint eight ounces. • Shoppers’ confusion, along with rising prices, (is, are) a matter of concern to consumer groups. • The metric system, in use in European countries, (solves, solve) most of the confusion. • The units in this system (has, have) a relationship to one another. • Consumer groups in this country (continues, continue) to advocate a uniform system of measurement. AGREEMENT REVIEW Daily Language Skillbuilder #2 Exercise 4 Write the subject of each sentence, then the verb in parentheses that agrees with it.
The following pronouns are ALWAYS singular: each, either, neither, one, everyone, everybody, no one, nobody, anyone, anybody, someone, somebody • The following pronouns are ALWAYS plural: several, few, both, many • The following pronouns may be either singular or plural: some, all, most, any , none These pronouns are singular when they refer to a singular word and plural when they refer to a plural word. AGREEMENT REVIEW Daily Language Skillbuilder #3 THE RULES Copy the above rules into the Grammar section of your notebook.
Regarding Thesis Statements: A list of devices is acceptable if what follows it is a meaningful statement regarding the role and/or function of the devices in the text. What do the devices do? How do they function in the work as a whole in terms of delivering the message or universal theme?
Each of the comedians (tries, try) to outdo the other. • Somebody on the bus (was, were) whistling. • All of the apples (is, are) spoiled. • Neither of these books (has, have) an index. • Everybody in my class (plans, plan) to attend the rally. • Few of these jobs (sounds, sound) challenging. • Several of those plants (grows, grow) well indoors. • No one in his office (leaves, leave) early. • Both of her parents (has, have) offered us a ride. • Most of these songs (is, are) from the sixties. AGREEMENT REVIEW Daily Language Skillbuilder #4 Exercise 5 Write the subject of each sentence, then the verb in parentheses that agrees with it.
Pick up the handout from the front bookcase and complete. AGREEMENT REVIEW Daily Language Skillbuilder #5 Pronoun Additional Practice Exercise
Study five minutes for Agreement Review Quiz A. AGREEMENT REVIEW Daily Language Skillbuilder Review Quiz A
G. Subjects joined by and take a plural verb. H. Singular subjects joined by or or nor take a singular verb. I. When a singular subject and a plural subject are joined by or or nor, the verb agrees with the subject nearer the verb. AGREEMENT REVIEW Daily Language Skillbuilder #6 THE RULES Copy the above rules into the Grammar section of your notebook.
EXAMPLES 1. Anne and Carl are providing the entertainment. 1. Anne or Carl is providing the entertainment. 2. Rain or snow has been predicted for today. 2. Rain and snow have been predicted for today. • The dog or the cat has torn up the evening newspaper. • My father and his friend are rewiring our house. • A mature woman or man is wanted for gardening chores. • A cartoon and an essay appear on the editorial page every day. • The car and the bus were to blame for the five-car pile-up on State Street. AGREEMENT REVIEW Daily Language Skillbuilder #7 Exercise 6 If the sentence has a compound subject joined by and, change the conjunction to or, and make the necessary change in the number of the verb. If the sentence has a compound subject joined by or, change the conjunction to and, and make the necessary change in the number of the verb.
The books on that shelf need dusting. • A carton of duck eggs are in the refrigerator. • Tina and Betty are first cousins. • Playing games or listening to old records are an enjoyable way to spend a rainy Saturday. • Several of these insects eat through wood. • Every one of you have met my friend Phil. • Neither Eileen nor Greg care for country music. AGREEMENT REVIEW Daily Language Skillbuilder #8 Review Exercise B Read each of the sentences. Write the subject and the verb of each. Make corrections, as necessary.
Study five minutes for Agreement Quiz. AGREEMENT REVIEW Daily Language Skillbuilder Review Exercise C 20 Points
J. Don’t and doesn’t must agree with their subjects. With subjects I and you and with plural subjects, use don’t (do not). With other subjects use the singular doesn’t (does not). The errors in the use of don’t and doesn’t are usually made when don’t is incorrectly used with it, he or she. Remember always to use doesn’t with these singular verbs. AGREEMENT REVIEW Daily Language Skillbuilder #9 THE RULES Copy the above rules into the Grammar section of your notebook.
She _____ influence me. • This _____ taste sweet. • He says he _____ want to play. • These _____ impress me. • It _____ look like snow. • One of them _____ plan to go. • They _____ want to help. • Harold _____ know about the party. • One of you _____ have the right answer. • Dorothy and Elise _____ like the new band uniforms. AGREEMENT REVIEW Daily Language Skillbuilder #10 Exercise 8 Number your paper 1-10. Write the correct form (doesn’t or don’t) for eac sentence.
K. Collective nouns may be either singular or plural. Collective nouns are singular in form, but they name a group of persons or things. EXAMPLES Group Committee Club Family Flock Herd Swarm Public Jury Class Army Team Audience Assembly Faculty Fleet Collective nouns are used with plural verbs when the speaker or writer is referring to the individual parts or members of the group acting separately. They are used with singular verbs when the statement refers to the group acting together as a unit. EXAMPLES The class has elected its officers. (Class is thought of as a unit.) The class have completed their projects. (Class is thought of as individuals.) AGREEMENT REVIEW Daily Language Skillbuilder #11 THE RULES Copy the above rule(s) into the Grammar section of your notebook. Then select five collective nouns and write five pairs of sentences showing clearly how the nouns you choose may be either singular or plural.
The verb agrees with its subject, not with its predicate nominative. The predicate nominative is a noun or pronoun that explains or identifies the subject of the sentence. EXAMPLES The marching bands are the main attraction. The main attraction is the marching bands. • When the subject follows the verb, as in sentences beginning with there and here and in questions, be careful to determine the subject and make sure that the verb agrees with it. • Words stating amount are usually singular. • The title of a work of art, literature, or music, even when in plural form, takes a singular verb. • Every or many before a subject calls for a singular verb. • A few nouns, although plural in form, take a singular verb. EXAMPLES: news, measles, mumps, chicken pox Words ending in –ics: athletics, mathematics, physics, civics, economics, politics AGREEMENT REVIEW Daily Language Skillbuilder #12 THE RULES Copy the above rules into the Grammar section of your notebook.
The class (has, have) chosen titles for their original plays. • First prize (was, were) two tickets to Hawaii. • Three quarters of the movie (was, were) over when we arrived. • Rattlesnakes (was, were) the topic of last week’s meeting of the hiking club. • Every student in the class (has, have) memorized a poem. • War and Peace (is, are) a world-famous novel. • Two thirds of the missing books (was, were) returned. • Mathematics (is, are) an important part of many everyday activities. • Where (is, are) the paragraphs you wrote? • Four weeks (is, are) enough time to rehearse the play. AGREEMENT REVIEW Daily Language Skillbuilder #13 Exercise 10 Number your paper 1-10. Write the subject of each sentence. Then select the correct verb, and write it after the subject.
The coach, along with two assistants, (was,were) yelling at the players. • Georgia O’Keeffe, of all painters, (captures, capture) the mystery of the West. • They (wasn’t, weren’t) interested in learning how to play the accordian. • Carlos, not Martha or Jan, (was, were) answering all the letters. • Many of them (has, have) already read the novel. • The Birds (was, were) one of Hitchcock’s great movies. • Samantha, a persian cat with expensive tastes, (is, are) partial to lobster. • That collection of short stories (is, are) fun to read. • Mrs. Williams, as well as two of her neighbors, (is, are) on the budget committee. • A few of the men, including Mr. Gomez, (isn’t, aren’t) convinced the mayor is right. AGREEMENT REVIEW Daily Language Skillbuilder #14 Exercise 4.13 Number your paper 1-10. Write the subject of each sentence. Then select the correct verb, and write it after the subject.
Could it be that nobody among all the word’s animal lovers (wants, want) to take these puppies off my hands? • (Doesn’t, Don’t) Chuck want to join the Air Force when he graduates? • Caroline, like most of her classmates, (wishes, wish) vacation could last forever. • A package of nuts and bolts (was, were) delivered to the hardware store. • There (is, are) some good programs on the educational television station. • Neither of his teammates (was, were) open for the pass. • The collection of Jill Krementz’s photographs (is, are) drawing large crowds at the gallery. • It (doesn’t, don’t) look good for our school’s baseball league this season. • (Doesn’t, Don’t) all of you remember your very first swimming lesson? • Both of the skaters (is,are) hoping to become members of the Olympic team. AGREEMENT REVIEW Daily Language Skillbuilder #15 Exercise 4.13 Number your paper 1-10. Write the subject of each sentence. Then select the correct verb, and write it after the subject.
Choose your stance. • Move to the appropriate location. • Discuss and come up with three points to back your stance. • Write a thesis statement. • Write at least two pieces of evidence to back each of your three points. • Choose a speaker to present your information. ARGUMENT DEFEND, REFUTE, OR QUALIFY
Pick up an Agreement Handout from the front bookcase. Complete. AGREEMENT REVIEW DAILY LANGUAGE SKILLBUILDER #16 COLLECTIVE NOUNS HANDOUT
1. The team (is/are) headed to the nationals since winning the state finals. 2. The mock trial team (was/were) happy with their presentations to the judge. 3. Nearly 25% of the population (is/are) Muslim. 4. Our staff (meets/meet) on Tuesday mornings to discuss customer complaints. 5. Our staff (works/work) hard to meet their goals and deadlines. 6.The class (describes, describe) their vacations. 7. The whole class (meet, meets) at 3 PM. 8. The family (takes, take) a trip to Houghton Lake, Michigan. 9. The chess club (compare, compares) their strategies so as to win the tournament. 10. The swarm of reporters (engulfs, engulf) the famous actor all at once. AGREEMENT REVIEW Daily Language Skillbuilder #17 Collective Nouns Number your paper 1-10. Write the subject of each sentence. Then select the correct verb, and write it after the subject.
1.The audience (cheer, cheers) the winner of the million dollars. 2. The orchestra (performs, perform) my favorite music. 3. The baseball team (practice, practices) together every evening. 4. The public (support, supports) the travel baseball league. 5. The troop (disappears, disappear) in different directions. 6. The crowd (moves, move) to their favorite places along the parade route. 7. The team (is, are) putting on their helmets. 8. The stage crew (has, have) completed the scenery. 9. The orchestra (was, were) tuning up one by one. (underline is a clue!) 10. For weeks, the cast (was, were) rehearsing their lines with one another (clue!) AGREEMENT REVIEW Daily Language Skillbuilder #18 Collective Nouns Number your paper 1-10. Write the subject of each sentence. Then select the correct verb, and write it after the subject.
What components are necessary in a successful argument? What things destroy an argument? JOURNAL WRITING Write five minutes in response to the above prompt.
Television has been influential in United States presidential elections since the 1960s. But just what is the influence, and how has it affected who is elected? Has it made elections fairer and more accessible, or has it moved candidates from pursuing issues to pursuing image? SYNTHESIS ESSAY PROMPT What is the prompt asking? What is your stance? Will you agree, defend or qualify?
Be at the Board of Education at 7:50 am. If you are not driving, I need to know today. Please see me. Bring several sharpened pencils and a blue or black ink pen. AP TEST TOMORROW
AP SCORING COMPARISON GROUP ONE: Nick, Lara, Brandon GROUP TWO: Amy, Jenna, Anne GROUP THREE: Jennifer, Kelli, Jade GROUP FOUR: Braden, Jonathan, Elisabeth GROUP FIVE: Alyssa, Cortlin, Sarah GROUP SIX: Will, Taylor GROUP SEVEN: Katie C., Drew, Hunter GROUP EIGHT: Bethany, Blake, Alan GROUP NINE: Katie D., Ellie, Tyler Get with your group and select one member to pick up your materials. At the end of 15 minutes, rotate to the next reading.