Key Elements of Argument Paper
What you need to know • To be effective in College and or Career one needs to know how to make a case (Hilocks 2011) • College and Career Ready: Standards for Reading, Writing, and Communication • The Ability to frame and defend an argument is particularly important to student’s readiness for college and careers… • (Hilocks 2011)
Elements of Argument • A Claim • Based on evidence • Warrant explains How the evidence supports the claim • Backing or support • Qualifications and rebuttals or counter arguments • (Hilocks 2011) Image (Hilocks 2011)
Claims NOT evaluated by the FDA NOT approved by the FDA? Claims are responses that don’t have evidenceto support them. In order to make them effective you need to have one more part to make them stronger Who is conducting these studies?
Evidence According to Hilocks (2011) Examine Data Ask questions Reexamine Data Try to answer the questions Data that supports our answer =Evidence
Almost there! Warrants Backing If your Warrants are challenged then you better have some Backing! These are extended definitions of the abstract qualities involved (Hilocks 2011) • True • Laws • Scientific Principles • Studies • Thoughtfully argued Definitions
Qualifications and Counter Arguments • When dealing with statements that cannot be demonstrated to be absolutely true. (Hilocks 2011) • Key words for claims that hint to not 100% true • Probably • Very Likely • Almost Certainly • And so forth