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Main Idea. Essential Question. How did salutary neglect of the colonies after 1688 plant the seeds for self-government?. 3.1 – England and its Colonies . Objectives. 13 American Colonies. England and Colonies Prosper. Mercantilism – Parliament –. How did Mercantilism Work?. 1. 2. 3.

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3 1 england and its colonies

Main Idea

  • Essential Question

How did salutary neglect of the colonies after 1688 plant the seeds for self-government?

3.1 – England and its Colonies
england and colonies prosper
England and Colonies Prosper
  • Mercantilism –
  • Parliament –
trade barriers
Trade barriers
  • Parliament begins to create laws and taxes that benefit England at the expense of America
  • Navigation Acts –
    • Benefits England – dockworker jobs and tax revenue
    • Benefits America – boom in the shipbuilding industry
  • Smugglers –
tensions emerge
Tensions Emerge
  • Puritan leaders claimed that their charter did not require them to obey Parliament
    • Massachusetts becomes a royal colony after failing to obey British laws
  • King James II succeeded his brother Charles in 1685, demanded obedience from the Colonies
  • Dominion of New England-
trouble in beantown
Trouble in Beantown
  • Sir Edmund Andros –
    • He increased taxes and questioned the lawfulness of Puritan religion
  • The Puritans sent a delegation to London to protest the new rules
  • Glorious Revolution –
    • King James was a Catholic with little respect for Parliament
    • Englishmen valuing Parliamentary rule and Protestant values brought about the need for change
england loosens the reins
England loosens the Reins
  • William and Mary disband the Dominion of New England and restore Massachusetts as an independent joint stock company
    • Religious tolerance rules are imposed in Massachusetts to prevent Puritans from banishing “undesirables.”
  • Andros is arrested by colonists, but is sent to England to stand trial. He was not punished, and went on to be the King’s choice for Governor of Virginia
england loosens the reins1
England loosens the Reins
  • England largely shifts its focus to fighting France for European domination
  • Salutary Neglect –
  • Salutary neglect was a large contributing factor that led to the Revolutionary War. Since England did not assert the power that it had, colonists were left to govern themselves