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Civil War Plans and Early Battles Chapter 11 Section 1. Objectives. Contrast the resources and strategies of the North and South. Describe the outcomes and effects of the early battles of the Civil War. Population 22 Million, South 3.5 Million whites, 5.5 million slaves

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Presentation Transcript
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Objectives

  • Contrast the resources and strategies of the North and South.
  • Describe the outcomes and effects of the early battles of the Civil War.
northern advantages
Population 22 Million, South 3.5 Million whites, 5.5 million slaves

85% of the nation’s industry. NY alone out-produced the entire south

Southern slave system slowed industrial development

Northern Advantages
slide4
The north had 20,000 miles of railroad track while the south had 9,000

The north had the U.S. Navy, while the south had no Navy to start the war.

southern advantages
They only had to play defense

They had excellent military leadership

Southern Advantages
southern plan for victory
Southern Plan for Victory
  • Capture Washington, D.C.
  • Strike through the Shenandoah Valley
  • Gain European support
anaconda plan
Union plan for victory:

1: Capture Richmond, the Confederate capital.

2: Gain control of the Mississippi River

3: Institute a naval blockade of the south.

Anaconda Plan
lincoln s war strategy
was initially to preserve the Union

was aimed at keeping the four border states in the Union, even though they allowed slavery. He thought this was crucial to winning the war

Lincoln’s War Strategy
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Early battles of the Civil War occurred in three areas of the North American continent.

  • The East—Manassas and later Richmond, Virginia
  • The Mississippi Valley—western Kentucky, Tennessee, and then Shiloh and the port of New Orleans
  • The Southwest—New Mexico
first battle of bull run
Lincoln ordered his troops to march on the Confederate capital of Richmond

They were met by Confederate troops at Manassas Junction about 30 miles from D.C.

First Battle of Bull Run
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The Confederates held the high ground and were able to send the Union troops running back

Bull Run convinced people the war was not going to be a quick and easy affair

Both sides began to train and prepare more seriously

the battle of shiloh
General Grant defeated the Confederates at Fort Henry and Fort Donelson, giving the North control over Tennessee and Kentucky The Battle of Shiloh
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Grant was surprised by the attack and his troops were forced back

They were able to regroup the next day and their counterattack was able to defeat the southerners

new orleans
Union control of the Mississippi River depended ontaking New Orleans

Admiral David Farragut attacked and took the city

The loss of its largest and most profitable city was a blow to southern morale

New Orleans