Ch. 5—Language . KI 2—Why is English Related to Other Languages?. Language family—a collection of languages related through a common ancestral language that existed before recorded history Indo-European is the world’s most extensively spoken language family by a wide margin
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KI 2—Why is English Related to Other Languages?
Language family—a collection of languages related through a common ancestral language that existed before recorded history
Language group—a collections of languages within a branch that share a common origin in the relatively recent past with few differences in grammar and vocab
Slavic was once a single language, differences evolved with migration from Asia in 7th century
Most common South Slavic language is the one spoken in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Montenegro, and Serbia (Serbo-Croatian)
A creole or creolized language is a language that results from the mixing of the colonizer’s language with the indigenous language of the people being dominated (ex. Haiti)
All languages in the family must be descended from one common language, but historians cannot prove a single one (Proto-Indo-European) because there is no recorded history of it
Hypothesizes that first Proto-Indo-European speakers were the Kurgan people from the boarder between present-day Russia and Kazakhstan
Colin Renfrew (archaeologist) argues first speakers of Proto-Indo-European lived 2,000 years before Kurgans in part of present day Turkey