Communicative Language Teaching (CLT). Background. Also called ‘The Notional-Functional Approach’( 觀念 / 意念功能教學法） In 1960s, Situational Language Teaching( 情境式語言教學） was popular. Learners are able to socialise/ communicate ( 溝通 / 交際） with social notions in social situations.
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1965, Noam Chomsky- linguistic competence.
Learners are able to communicate with grammatically correct sentences.
1972, Dell Hymes- communicative competence.
When communicative competence is acquired, learners should acquire the knowledge and competence in different situations.
less dominant than teacher-
actively engaged in negotiating
meaning (try to make themselves
understood and understand others)
information gap- one person in an exchange knows something the other person doesn’t.
choice – speaker has a choice of what he/she will say and how to say it.
feedback- communication is purposeful. Evaluate if purpose has been achieved by feedback.