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Spanish Explorations. Unification of Spain. Initially several states Mostly Muslim Ferdinand and Isabel’s marriage Defeated Muslim leader, Abu-al- Hasan Unite various states into Spain. Catholic Spain. Spanish Inquisition Converso (conversions) or expellsiun. Ambitions to Go Abroad.

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unification of spain
Unification of Spain
  • Initially several states
  • Mostly Muslim
  • Ferdinand and Isabel’s marriage
  • Defeated Muslim leader, Abu-al-Hasan
  • Unite various states into Spain
catholic spain
Catholic Spain
  • Spanish Inquisition
  • Converso (conversions) or expellsiun
ambitions to go abroad
Ambitions to Go Abroad
  • Severed relations with Ottoman Empire
  • Portugal found route around Africa
  • Decided not to go northward
  • Only other option: Westward across the Atlantic Ocean
christopher columbus
Christopher Columbus
  • Conflicting reports
  • Based research off of Marco Polo
  • Miscalculated circumference of the Earth
  • Quest for a donor
columbus voyages
Columbus’ Voyages
  • 1492
  • 1493
  • 1498
  • 1502
spain and portugal
Spain and Portugal
  • Rivalries
  • Pope Alexander VI
  • Treaty of Tordesilla(1449)
conquest of the aztecs
Conquest of the Aztecs
  • Cortes arrives in 1519
  • Initially amicable relationship
  • Kills off huge percentage of Aztec population
  • Disrupted Aztec tribute system
conquest of the incas
Conquest of the Incas
  • 1533, first encounter
  • Emperor Arahaulpa
  • Conquistador Francisco Pizarro
  • Disease decimates Inca civilization