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Spanish Explorations. Unit 2 Chapter 3 Lesson 3 Pages 128-134. Objectives. Describe the aims, obstacles, and accomplishments of Spanish explorers. Trace the routes of Spanish explorers and identify their claims. Spanish explorations.

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spanish explorations

Spanish Explorations

Unit 2 Chapter 3 Lesson 3

Pages 128-134

  • Describe the aims, obstacles, and accomplishments of Spanish explorers.
  • Trace the routes of Spanish explorers and identify their claims.
spanish explorations1
Spanish explorations
  • Spain had claimed a lot of land in the America’s (this is today South America)
  • Many others came seeking:
    • Riches
    • National glory
    • Converting Native Americans to Christianity
king of spain
King of Spain
  • The King encouraged explorations
  • He offered large sums of money called, GRANTS, to those who led expeditions
  • These explorers became known as CONQUISTADORS
juan ponce de leon
Juan Ponce de Leon
  • Had sailed with Columbus on his 2nd voyage
  • Helped conquer Puerto Rico
  • Heard of an island called Bimini and a Fountain of Youth
  • 1513 – landed on Florida and claimed it for Spain
ponce de leon
Ponce de Leon
  • 1521, returned to Florida to start a settlement
  • Calusa tribe defended their land
  • Ponce de Leon killed
  • Never found the Fountain of Youth
  • He is known for becoming the 1st Spanish explorer to set foot on land that became part of the United States


hernando cortes
Hernando Cortes
  • 1519, Spain
  • Sent fo find gold in the land of the AZTECS
  • Cortes marched to the capital of Tenochtitlan
  • Those who didn’t like the Aztecs helped Cortes
cortes vs aztecs
Cortes vs. Aztecs
  • Moteuhzoma – Aztec emperor believed Cortes was the light-skinned god that was believed to return one day to rule them
  • Cortes took him as prisoner
  • They fought strong, but had no guns and horses like the Spanish
  • Many died in battles, but also diseases
  • Mexico City built on the ruins of Tenochtitlan
conquistador vs aztec warrior


Armor made of steel

A gun

Aztec Warrior

Armor made of quilted leather

Wood shield w/ feather fringe

Wooden club

Conquistador vs. Aztec Warrior
seven cities of gold
Seven Cities of Gold???
  • Cortes found gold
  • Spanish leaders in Mexico City heard talk of seven cities of gold
  • Priest, Marcos de Niza, sent to look with his slave, Estevanico
  • Estevanico was killed on mission
  • DeNiza returned and said he saw the golden city
francisco vasquez de coronado
Francisco Vasquez de Coronado
  • 1540 went to look for city of gold
  • Explored lands in what is now SW U.S.
  • He was first explorer to come up into Oklahoma
  • No city of gold found
new spain
  • Lands claimed by Spain became known as New Spain
  • These included:
    • Mexico
    • Southwestern United States
    • Florida
  • Marcos de Niza never entered the Zuni pueblo where Estevanico was killed.
  • Instead, he saw the pueblo from a distance at sunset.
  • The sun’s rays reflecting on the stone and adobe walls created a golden color which is why de Niza thought the pueblo was one of the legendary golden cities.
francisco pizarro
Francisco Pizarro
  • 1531, led an expedition into the western coast of South America
  • Met people from the Inca empire, led by Atahuallpa
  • Priest told Atahuallpa they MUST accept Christianity and Spanish rule – he said NO
  • Taken prisoner and died
  • Pizarro conquered the Inca empire
hernado de soto
Hernado de Soto
  • Explored Southeaster U.S.
  • 1539, Sailed from Cuba to Tampa Bay
  • First European to see the Mississippi River
de soto battles
De Soto battles
  • Met many Native American
  • Conflicts were bloody
  • 1542 De Soto died of a fever
  • They claimed all land they explored.
  • Spain now claimed much of southern U.S.
catholic church rules
Catholic Church Rules
  • People in Europe begin to question the Catholic Church
  • They had forced people to follow rules and pay taxes
  • Had its own courts – punished those who went against the church
religious reforms
Religious Reforms
  • Martin Luther – German priest
  • Began calling for open reforms, changes, in the Catholic Church.
  • Reformation – period of reforms
  • Luther forced out of church
  • Those who protested the Catholic leaders became known as Protestants.
  • Lutheran church and Protestants formed new churches.
counter reformation
  • Catholic church made changes
  • The church banned books going against their teachings
  • Focus on spreading the church to New Spain
  • Missionaries (religious teachers) sent to convert Native Americans
  • Missionaries held ceremonies to make the Native Americans Catholic
  • Later they taught them the teachings of the church
  • Many forced to become Catholic and enslaved
  • Some tried to keep their beliefs, but others were forced to change how they lived and worship
explored and claimed for spain much of what is now the southwestern united states
Explored and claimed for Spain much of what is now the southwestern United States?
  • Francisco Vasquez de Coronado
explored and claimed for spain much of the southern half of what is now the united states
Explored and claimed for Spain much of the southern half of what is now the United States?
  • Hernando de Soto