1 / 69

Airport Lighting, Markings and Sign Systems

Airport Lighting, Markings and Sign Systems. MSA 613 Airport Operation Safety. Advisory Circular. AC 150/5340-1K Standards for Airport Markings AC 150/5340-18F Standards for Airport Sign Systems AC 150/5340-30F Design and Installation Details for Airport Visual Aids .

Download Presentation

Airport Lighting, Markings and Sign Systems

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author. Content is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use only. Download presentation by click this link. While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server. During download, if you can't get a presentation, the file might be deleted by the publisher.


Presentation Transcript

  1. Airport Lighting, Markings and Sign Systems MSA 613 Airport Operation Safety

  2. Advisory Circular • AC 150/5340-1K Standards for Airport Markings • AC 150/5340-18F Standards for Airport Sign Systems • AC 150/5340-30F Design and Installation Details for Airport Visual Aids

  3. What Are Markings, Lights, and Signs? • Markings • Signs • Lights `

  4. Runway Markings • Runway Landing Designator Marking • Runway Centerline Marking • Runway Threshold Marking • Runway Side Strip Marking • Runway Aiming Point Marking • Runway Touchdown Zone Marking • Runway Displaced Threshold Marking • Chevron Markings For Blast Pads, Stopways, and EMAS • Holding Position Marking WHITE

  5. Runway Landing Designator Marking • Identifies a runway end • Consists of a single number or two numbers • When parallel runways exist, the number(s) are further supplemented with a letter • The whole number nearest the one-tenth of the magnetic azimuth along the runway centerline

  6. Runway Landing Designator Marking • two parallel runways: “18L,” “18R” • three parallel runways: “9L,” “9C,” “9R” • four parallel runways: “32L,” “32R,” “33L,” “33R” • five parallel runways: “13L,” “13R,” “14L,” “14C,” “14R” or “14L,” “14R,” “13L,” “13C,” “13R” • six parallel runways: “8L,” “8C,” “8R,” “9L,” “9C,” “9R” • seven parallel runways: “8L,” “8C,” “8R,” “9L,” “9C,” “9R,” “10”

  7. Runway Landing Designator Marking

  8. Runway Centerline Marking • Identifies the physical center of the runway width • Provides alignment guidance to pilots during takeoff and landing operations • Consists of a line of uniformly spaced stripes and gaps and of uniform width

  9. Centerline Marking

  10. Runway Threshold Marking • Commences 20 feet (6 m) from the actual start point of runway threshold • Closely identifies the actual beginning point of the runway threshold used for landings • Consists of a pattern of longitudinal stripes • Uniform dimensions spaced symmetrically about the runway centerline

  11. Threshold Marking

  12. Runway Side Strip Marking • Provides enhanced visual contrast between the runway edge and the surrounding terrain or runway shoulders and delineates the width of suitable paved area for runway operations • Consists of two parallel stripes placed along each edge of the usable runway

  13. Side Strip Marking

  14. Runway Aiming Point Marking • Provides a visual aiming point for landing operations • Consists of two conspicuous rectangular markings • located symmetrically on each side of the runway centerline

  15. Aiming Point Marking

  16. Runway Touchdown Zone Marking • Identifies the touchdown zone along a precision runway • Consists of symmetrically arranged pairs of rectangular bars in groups of one, two, and three along the runway centerline

  17. Runway Touchdown Zone Marking

  18. Runway Displaced Threshold Marking • Includes a runway threshold bar and arrowheads with and without arrow shafts

  19. Chevron Markings For Blast Pads, Stopways, and EMAS • Identifies paved blast pads, stopways, and EMAS in relation to the end of the runway

  20. Holding Position Marking • Prevent aircraft and vehicles from entering into critical areas • Control traffic at the intersection of taxiways • PATTERN A • PATTERN B • PATTERN C

  21. Holding Position Marking: Pattern A

  22. Holding Position Marking: Pattern B

  23. Holding Position Marking: Pattern C


  25. Taxiway Markings • Taxiway Centerline Marking • Enhanced Taxiway Centerline Marking • Taxiway Edge Marking • Taxiway Shoulder Marking YELLOW

  26. Taxiway Centerline and Enhanced Taxiway Centerline Markings Taxiway Centerline Marking • Provides pilots continuous visual guidance to permit taxiing along a designated path Enhanced Taxiway Centerline Marking • Provides supplemental visual cues to alert pilots of an upcoming runway holding position marking (Pattern A) • Minimizing the potential for runway incursions

  27. Taxiway Centerline and Enhanced Taxiway Centerline Markings

  28. Taxiway Edge Marking • Used to delineate the taxiway edge from the shoulder and to define the edge(s) of a taxi route

  29. Taxiway Shoulder Marking • Identify shoulders that are not intended for use by aircraft


  31. Mandatory Instruction Signs • WHITE inscription with a black outline on a RED background • Provide instructions that MUST BE OBEYED • Denote • Taxiway/runway intersections • Runway/runway intersections • Instrument Landing System (ILS) critical areas • POFZ boundaries • Runway approach areas • CAT II/III operations areas • No entry areas

  32. Mandatory Instruction Signs • Holding Position Sign for Taxiway/Runway Intersections

  33. Mandatory Instruction Signs • Holding Position Sign for CAT II/III Operations

  34. Mandatory Instruction Signs • No Entry Sign

  35. Location Signs • Identify the taxiway or runway upon which the aircraft is located • A location sign has a YELLOW inscription with a yellow border on a BLACK background

  36. Boundary Signs • Identify the boundary of the RSA/OFZ or ILS critical area • BLACK inscription on a YELLOW background

  37. Direction Signs • Indicate directions of other taxiways leading out of an intersection. • BLACK inscriptions on a YELLOW background • Contain ARROWs

  38. Direction Signs • Taxiway Direction Sign

  39. Destination Signs • BLACKinscription on a YELLOWbackground and always contains an arrow • Indicates the general direction to a remote location • Where taxiway location signs and direction signs alone would not adequately guide to the destination

  40. Vehicle Roadway Signs

  41. Information Signs • BLACKinscription on a YELLOWbackground, • Provide special information • VOR Receiver Checkpoint Sign

  42. Runway Distance Remaining Sign • Provide distance remaining information to pilots during takeoff and landing operations • The inscription is a WHITE numeral on a BLACK background

  43. Taxiway Direction Signs and Taxiway Location Sign

  44. Surface Painted Gate Destination Signs • Used, when necessary, to assist pilots in locating their assigned terminal gate

  45. Lighting Systems • Runway Edge Lights • Threshold/Runway End Lights • Stopway Edge Lights • Runway Centerline Lights • Touchdown Zone Lights • Taxiway Centerline lights • Taxiway Edge Lights • Stop Bars and Runway Guard Light • Airport Rotating Beacons • Approach Lighting Systems (ALS) • Precision Approach Path Indicator (PAPI)

  46. Runway Edge Lights • Runway edge lights emit WHITE light • Except in the caution zone, (not applicable to visual runways) which is the last 2,000 feet (610 m) of runway or one-half the runway length, whichever is less • In the caution zone, yellow lights are substituted for white lights

  47. Runway Edge Lights

  48. Threshold/Runway End Lights • Emit GREEN light outward from the runway • Emit RED light toward the runway • The green lights indicate the landing threshold to landing aircraft • The red lights indicate the end of the runway, both landing and departing

  49. Threshold/Runway End Lights

  50. Stopway Edge Lights • The stopway edge lights emit unidirectional RED light in the takeoff direction of the runway

More Related