ch 9 the expansion of trade religion in south and southeast asia part 1 n.
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Ch. 9: The Expansion of Trade & Religion in South and Southeast Asia – Part 1. Questions. What was the silk road? How and why did Buddhism spread through South East Asia? How and why did Buddhism Transform ? Why did Buddhism decline in India? When did the Indians become Hindu?

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questions
Questions
  • What was the silk road?
  • How and why did Buddhism spread through South East Asia?
  • How and why did Buddhism Transform ?
  • Why did Buddhism decline in India?
  • When did the Indians become Hindu?
  • What led to the growth of Islam in India?
identifications
Identifications
  • Kanishka
  • Spread of Buddhism
  • Gupta Dynasty
  • Theravada
  • Mahayana
  • Hinduism
  • Puja
  • Sikhism
  • Bodhisattvas
  • Rajputs
  • Saladin
  • Crusades
slide4

Kushan Kingdom

(Afghanistan)

150 BCE - 320 CE

Center of Trade

Intermediary between Rome-China Trade

Silk Road

Figure 9-1 p241

how did buddhism spread
How did Buddhism Spread?
  • Kushan Monarch, Kanishka, 2nd C C.E.
    • Merchants & Missionaries
    • Bamiyan
  • Gupta Dynasty
slide6

Bamiyan (modern

Day Kabul, Afghanistan

p240

slide8

Gupta Dynasty,

320 CE

Raja Chandragupta

Capital: Pataliputra

Figure 9-2 p243

golden age or classical period
“Golden Age” or Classical Period
  • Raja Samudragupta
  • Trade regulated by government
  • Private sector of Jati Guilds
  • Barter & Money System
changes of buddhism
Changes of Buddhism

Pre-Gupta

Gupta

Nirvana – vision of heavenly salvation

Siddhartha – divinity

Closer to Nirvana than others – reinforced class difference

  • Nirvana – abstract concept
  • Siddhartha – Sage
  • Classes are equal
why did buddhism decline
Why did Buddhism Decline?
  • Denial of a soul – counter to traditional beliefs
  • Rejection of class divisions
  • Emphasized individual path
  • Development of Hinduism
    • Initially an elitist tradition of the Brahmin class
    • Transformed to appeal to the masses
when did indians become hindu
When did Indians become Hindu?
  • Muslim Rule 1st Millennium CE
  • British Colonial Rule
  • Puja
    • Populist tradition focused on personal worship and achievement of individual goals
    • Influence of egalitarian nature of Buddhism
    • Brahmanism transformed into a religion of the majority
slide16

Mamallapuram Shore Temple

Revival of

Hindu Faith

8 C CE

p246

dancing shiva
Dancing Shiva
  • 12 CE
  • Kingdom of Chola
  • Lost Wax Technique

p257

slide19

Arrival

of

Islam

Figure 9-4 p248

the delhi sultanate
The Delhi Sultanate
  • 1192 – Muslim rule at Delhi
  • 997 Mahmud expanded Kingdom
  • 1200 – All of Northern India
  • 1320- Tughlug Dynasty – Deccan Plateau

p249

samarkand gem of empire
Samarkand, gem of Empire
  • Originated 1 Mill. BCE – Caravan stop along the Silk Road
  • Tamerlane, Mongol Khanate, Capital
  • 1398 - 1405

p250