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Southeast Asia . Warm-up 4/7- What countries are part of Southeast Asia? . Physical Geography . One of the most populous and diverse regions in the world The land is defined by oceans and mountains which cause isolation Climate is tropical-humid throughout the year Monsoons affect this area

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Southeast Asia

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physical geography
Physical Geography
  • One of the most populous and diverse regions in the world
  • The land is defined by oceans and mountains which cause isolation
  • Climate is tropical-humid throughout the year
  • Monsoons affect this area
  • Major cities are port cities- reflect the regions ties to global trade
physical geography1
Physical Geography
  • The region is divided into two sub regions:
    • Mainland and island nations
    • Mainland nations include: Myanmar, Cambodia, Laos, Thailand, and Vietnam
    • The Malaysia peninsula is on the southern edge
    • Malaysia straddles the mainland and the island of Borneo.
    • The island nations include: Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, Brunei, Indonesia, and East Timor
    • Most people in this region rely on agriculture and live in rural areas.
    • The region is located along the Ring of Fire- which affects settlement in the region
warm up 4 8
Warm-up 4/8
  • Today’s warm-up is not a quote, but still answer the following question on Tuesday on your warm-up paper.
  • How does the physical environment and location of resources determine and affect where people live in Southeast Asia?
natural disasters
Natural Disasters
  • #1- Volcano
  • Location- Indonesia
    • East Java- The most populated island here
  • Effects- Killed three people, destroyed homes, canceled flights, and evacuated many people
natural disasters1
Natural Disasters
  • #2- Tsunami
  • Location- Banda Aceh- a city in Indonesia
  • Effects- It was triggered by a 9.1 magnitude earthquake
    • Hit Banda Aceh the hardest
    • Wiped out 1/3 of the city
    • Everything was flattened
    • Killed over 200,000 people
    • Displaced more than 500,000
natural disasters2
Natural Disasters
  • #3- Typhoon
  • Location- Philippines
  • Effects- Killed approximately 10,000 people
    • Collapsed buildings
  • Create a t-chart to analyze the benefits and challenges to living in Southeast Asia.
warm up 4 91
Warm-up 4/9
  • What landmark is this?
    • WatArun- it is a Buddhist temple
  • Where is it located?
    • Bangkok, Thailand
  • Which culture created it?
    • Built during the Ayutthaya period by the Thai people
  • Why/when was this landmark created? Why is it happening?
    • Built in the 17th century and it was built as a Buddhist temple

5. What defining characteristics standout to you?

warm up 4 10
Warm-up 4/10
  • Write down 10 things you see/hear in the video.
warm up 4 11
Warm-up 4/11
  • What are political and economic influences in Southeast Asia?
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Southeast Asia
  • Empires-
  • Influences from China and India
  • China ruled Vietnam from 111B.C. to A.D. 939
    • Chinese art, technology, political ideas, and ethical beliefs shaped Vietnam’s culture
  • Hinduism and Buddhism spread from India and influenced the religion and art in Southeast Asia
  • Southeast Asia did keep some of its own traditions
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Southeast Asia
  • Empires
  • Early Southeast Asia had mandalas- states organized as rings of power around a central court
  • The Khmer Empire was a powerful mandala that lasted roughly from the 9th to the 15th centuries in what is now Cambodia
southeast asia3
Southeast Asia
  • Empires
  • From 1300-1800 Southeast Asia had five powerful states
    • Trade within the region was important to their economies
    • Urbanization took place during this time
    • Spice trade- routes establishment of trading ports (coastal areas)
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Southeast Asia
  • Colonialism
    • A lot of Europeans began to arrive in Southeast Asia in 1509
    • They used various business methods to take over much of Southeast Asia’s trade
    • By the 20th century, Europeans had made most of Southeast Asia into colonies
    • 1st- colonial rulers set up centralized governments with set routines and regulations
    • 2nd- They forced the colonies to produce commodities that would help Europe
southeast asia5
Southeast Asia
  • Independence
    • Japan occupied Southeast Asia during WWII
    • After the war ended, Southeast Asia leaders sought for independence
    • Indochina- A French colony made up of Cambodia, Laos, and Vietnam, tried for a long to time to gain independence
    • Vietnam defeated the French in 1954 and gained independence for Cambodia, Laos, North Vietnam, and South Vietnam
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Southeast Asia
  • Independence
    • The United States became involved in South Vietnam to prevent takeover by Communist North Vietnam
    • The conflict was called the Vietnam War
    • The U.S. withdrew in 1973 and in 1975 South Vietnam surrendered and Vietnam became on country ruled by Communists
    • Communists took over Cambodia and Laos that year as well
warm up 4 15
Warm-up 4/15
  • Think about the chart we completed last Friday- What political and economic factors have influenced Southeast Asia?
  • Describe in five complete sentences.
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Southeast Asia
  • Agriculture is the main economic activity
  • Several nations began to industrialize in the 1960’s, but industry is unevenly distributed across the region
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Southeast Asia
  • Traditional Economies
    • The people of Cambodia, Myanmar, Laos, and Vietnam depend mostly on agriculture for income
    • Rice is the most important crop
    • Political turmoil in Cambodia and Myanmar block growth
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Southeast Asia
  • The Vietnam War
    • Indochina- a French colony made up of Cambodia, Laos, and Vietnam
    • The Vietnamese defeated the French in 1954 which won independence for Cambodia, Laos, North Vietnam, and South Vietnam
    • The U.S. became involved in South Vietnam to prevent its takeover by Communist North Vietnam
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Southeast Asia
  • Industry and Finance
    • Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, and Thailand have more highly developed economies than others in the region
    • Processing of agricultural products is the chief industry
    • Other industries include the production of textiles, clothing, and electronic products
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Southeast Asia
  • Singapore does have a huge finance industry
  • Energy sources and mining are significant
  • Many nations participate free enterprise system, free trade associations
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Southeast Asia
  • Culture
    • Religions diversity
      • Southeast Asia has a lot of religious diversity
      • Buddhism is widespread
      • Philippines is mostly Catholic
      • Indonesia and Brunei are mostly Muslim
      • Some Southeast Asians practice Hinduism, others follow traditional local beliefs
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Southeast Asia
  • Buddhism and Hinduism have influenced the region’s sculpture and architecture
  • Southeast Asia is also famous for its performing arts and literature
  • Thailand and Indonesia have traditional forms of dance
  • In Vietnam poetry is highly respected
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Southeast Asia
  • Changing Lifestyles
    • Many Southeast Asians follow traditional ways however, a growing number of people are moving to cities and leading more modern lives
  • The villages
    • People live in wood houses built on stilts for protection against floods
    • Roofs are usually made of thatch
    • Some wealthy families have tin roofs
    • Some villagers still wear traditional clothing
    • Modern conveniences are starting to change village life
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Southeast Asia
  • Changing Lifestyles
    • The Cities
      • Kuala Lampur, Malaysia and Singapore are examples of bustling cities with towering skyscrapers and modern business districts
      • Most people here live in apartments
      • Housing shortage for people migrating to cities for jobs
      • Many live in makeshift shacks in slums
questions 4 15
Questions 4/15
  • How did China and India influence Southeast Asia?
  • How did the Vietnam War affect the economy?
  • What is village life like in Southeast Asia?
  • How has ASEAN helped to create a region within a region?

What landmark is this?

    • Angkor Wat
  • Where is it located?
    • Cambodia
  • Which culture created it?
    • Hinduism- specifically the Khmer Empire
  • Why/when was this landmark created? Why is it happening?
    • It is a temple for Hinduism then became a Buddhist temple. It was built in the 12th century.
  • What defining characteristics standout to out to you?
    • It is the largest religious monument in the world
warm up 4 17
Warm-up 4/17
  • What has influenced culture in Southeast Asia?
  • You can just make a list for today.
warm up 4 18
Warm-up 4/18
  • Come up with 10 ways people adapt to the environment in the video.