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Southeast Asia - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Southeast Asia . Warm-up 4/7- What countries are part of Southeast Asia? . Physical Geography . One of the most populous and diverse regions in the world The land is defined by oceans and mountains which cause isolation Climate is tropical-humid throughout the year Monsoons affect this area

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Physical geography
Physical Geography

  • One of the most populous and diverse regions in the world

  • The land is defined by oceans and mountains which cause isolation

  • Climate is tropical-humid throughout the year

  • Monsoons affect this area

  • Major cities are port cities- reflect the regions ties to global trade

Physical geography1
Physical Geography

  • The region is divided into two sub regions:

    • Mainland and island nations

    • Mainland nations include: Myanmar, Cambodia, Laos, Thailand, and Vietnam

    • The Malaysia peninsula is on the southern edge

    • Malaysia straddles the mainland and the island of Borneo.

    • The island nations include: Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, Brunei, Indonesia, and East Timor

    • Most people in this region rely on agriculture and live in rural areas.

    • The region is located along the Ring of Fire- which affects settlement in the region

Warm up 4 8
Warm-up 4/8

  • Today’s warm-up is not a quote, but still answer the following question on Tuesday on your warm-up paper.

  • How does the physical environment and location of resources determine and affect where people live in Southeast Asia?

Natural disasters
Natural Disasters

  • #1- Volcano

  • Location- Indonesia

    • East Java- The most populated island here

  • Effects- Killed three people, destroyed homes, canceled flights, and evacuated many people

Natural disasters1
Natural Disasters

  • #2- Tsunami

  • Location- Banda Aceh- a city in Indonesia

  • Effects- It was triggered by a 9.1 magnitude earthquake

    • Hit Banda Aceh the hardest

    • Wiped out 1/3 of the city

    • Everything was flattened

    • Killed over 200,000 people

    • Displaced more than 500,000

Natural disasters2
Natural Disasters

  • #3- Typhoon

  • Location- Philippines

  • Effects- Killed approximately 10,000 people

    • Collapsed buildings


  • Create a t-chart to analyze the benefits and challenges to living in Southeast Asia.

Warm up 4 91
Warm-up 4/9

  • What landmark is this?

    • WatArun- it is a Buddhist temple

  • Where is it located?

    • Bangkok, Thailand

  • Which culture created it?

    • Built during the Ayutthaya period by the Thai people

  • Why/when was this landmark created? Why is it happening?

    • Built in the 17th century and it was built as a Buddhist temple

      5. What defining characteristics standout to you?

Warm up 4 10
Warm-up 4/10

  • Write down 10 things you see/hear in the video.

Warm up 4 11
Warm-up 4/11

  • What are political and economic influences in Southeast Asia?

Southeast asia1
Southeast Asia

  • Empires-

  • Influences from China and India

  • China ruled Vietnam from 111B.C. to A.D. 939

    • Chinese art, technology, political ideas, and ethical beliefs shaped Vietnam’s culture

  • Hinduism and Buddhism spread from India and influenced the religion and art in Southeast Asia

  • Southeast Asia did keep some of its own traditions

Southeast asia2
Southeast Asia

  • Empires

  • Early Southeast Asia had mandalas- states organized as rings of power around a central court

  • The Khmer Empire was a powerful mandala that lasted roughly from the 9th to the 15th centuries in what is now Cambodia

Southeast asia3
Southeast Asia

  • Empires

  • From 1300-1800 Southeast Asia had five powerful states

    • Trade within the region was important to their economies

    • Urbanization took place during this time

    • Spice trade- routes establishment of trading ports (coastal areas)

Southeast asia4
Southeast Asia

  • Colonialism

    • A lot of Europeans began to arrive in Southeast Asia in 1509

    • They used various business methods to take over much of Southeast Asia’s trade

    • By the 20th century, Europeans had made most of Southeast Asia into colonies

    • 1st- colonial rulers set up centralized governments with set routines and regulations

    • 2nd- They forced the colonies to produce commodities that would help Europe

Southeast asia5
Southeast Asia

  • Independence

    • Japan occupied Southeast Asia during WWII

    • After the war ended, Southeast Asia leaders sought for independence

    • Indochina- A French colony made up of Cambodia, Laos, and Vietnam, tried for a long to time to gain independence

    • Vietnam defeated the French in 1954 and gained independence for Cambodia, Laos, North Vietnam, and South Vietnam

Southeast asia6
Southeast Asia

  • Independence

    • The United States became involved in South Vietnam to prevent takeover by Communist North Vietnam

    • The conflict was called the Vietnam War

    • The U.S. withdrew in 1973 and in 1975 South Vietnam surrendered and Vietnam became on country ruled by Communists

    • Communists took over Cambodia and Laos that year as well

Warm up 4 15
Warm-up 4/15

  • Think about the chart we completed last Friday- What political and economic factors have influenced Southeast Asia?

  • Describe in five complete sentences.

Southeast asia7
Southeast Asia

  • Agriculture is the main economic activity

  • Several nations began to industrialize in the 1960’s, but industry is unevenly distributed across the region

Southeast asia8
Southeast Asia

  • Traditional Economies

    • The people of Cambodia, Myanmar, Laos, and Vietnam depend mostly on agriculture for income

    • Rice is the most important crop

    • Political turmoil in Cambodia and Myanmar block growth

Southeast asia9
Southeast Asia

  • The Vietnam War

    • Indochina- a French colony made up of Cambodia, Laos, and Vietnam

    • The Vietnamese defeated the French in 1954 which won independence for Cambodia, Laos, North Vietnam, and South Vietnam

    • The U.S. became involved in South Vietnam to prevent its takeover by Communist North Vietnam

Southeast asia10
Southeast Asia

  • Industry and Finance

    • Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, and Thailand have more highly developed economies than others in the region

    • Processing of agricultural products is the chief industry

    • Other industries include the production of textiles, clothing, and electronic products

Southeast asia11
Southeast Asia

  • Singapore does have a huge finance industry

  • Energy sources and mining are significant

  • Many nations participate free enterprise system, free trade associations

Southeast asia12
Southeast Asia

  • Culture

    • Religions diversity

      • Southeast Asia has a lot of religious diversity

      • Buddhism is widespread

      • Philippines is mostly Catholic

      • Indonesia and Brunei are mostly Muslim

      • Some Southeast Asians practice Hinduism, others follow traditional local beliefs

Southeast asia13
Southeast Asia

  • Buddhism and Hinduism have influenced the region’s sculpture and architecture

  • Southeast Asia is also famous for its performing arts and literature

  • Thailand and Indonesia have traditional forms of dance

  • In Vietnam poetry is highly respected

Southeast asia14
Southeast Asia

  • Changing Lifestyles

    • Many Southeast Asians follow traditional ways however, a growing number of people are moving to cities and leading more modern lives

  • The villages

    • People live in wood houses built on stilts for protection against floods

    • Roofs are usually made of thatch

    • Some wealthy families have tin roofs

    • Some villagers still wear traditional clothing

    • Modern conveniences are starting to change village life

Southeast asia15
Southeast Asia

  • Changing Lifestyles

    • The Cities

      • Kuala Lampur, Malaysia and Singapore are examples of bustling cities with towering skyscrapers and modern business districts

      • Most people here live in apartments

      • Housing shortage for people migrating to cities for jobs

      • Many live in makeshift shacks in slums

Questions 4 15
Questions 4/15

  • How did China and India influence Southeast Asia?

  • How did the Vietnam War affect the economy?

  • What is village life like in Southeast Asia?

  • How has ASEAN helped to create a region within a region?

Southeast asia

  • What landmark is this?

    • Angkor Wat

  • Where is it located?

    • Cambodia

  • Which culture created it?

    • Hinduism- specifically the Khmer Empire

  • Why/when was this landmark created? Why is it happening?

    • It is a temple for Hinduism then became a Buddhist temple. It was built in the 12th century.

  • What defining characteristics standout to out to you?

    • It is the largest religious monument in the world

Warm up 4 17
Warm-up 4/17

  • What has influenced culture in Southeast Asia?

  • You can just make a list for today.

Warm up 4 18
Warm-up 4/18


  • Come up with 10 ways people adapt to the environment in the video.