Life stages and Life Roles The changes we experience throughout the different stages of our lives
Need to know info: • Psychological theorist ERIK ERIKSON came up with the idea that at different stages of our lives, we change physically, emotionally and psychologically. • There are 8 stages. All are important but because being a teenager can be tough, we’ll spend time looking at this stage so you can see how normal you really are.
THE STAGES • Infants need to learn to trust others to care for their basic needs or to mistrust them. • When they have people that offer warm, responsive care, infants will gain a sense or trust and confidence. • Mistrust will occur when the infant is made to wait too long for care/comfort and is handled badly. STAGE 1: TRUST VS. MISTRUST (Birth - 1 year)
STAGE 2: AUTONOMY VS. SHAME AND DOUBT (1 – 3 years) • Using their new mental and motor skills, children want to make their own decisions. • Autonomy is achieved when parents allow appropriate free choice and do not force shame on the child. • Forcing shame could result in the child doubting they can do things themselves Potty training is a perfect example!!!
STAGE 3: INITIATIVE VS. GUILT (3 – 6 years) • Make believe play allows children to experiment with the kind of person they can become. • Initiative - a sense of ambition and responsibility develops when parents support their child’s new sense of purpose. • If they are not allowed to follow their own initiative (ie: parents are over controlling), they could feel guilty for their attempts to become independent.
STAGE 4: INDUSTRY VS INFERIORITY (6 – 11 years) • When children attend school they develop the capacity to work and cooperate with others (industry). • Inferiority develops when negative experiences at home, at school or with friends lead to feelings of incompetence.
STAGE 5: IDENTITY VS. IDENTITY CONFUSION (ADOLESCENCE) • THIS IS WHERE YOU ARE!!!! • Adolescents try to figure out who they are and where they belong in society. Social groups are VERY important. • Self-chosen values and occupational goals lead to a long lasting personal identity. • The negative outcome is confusion about future adult roles.
STAGE 6: INTIMACY VS. ISOLATION (EMERGING ADULTHOOD) • Young people work on establishing ties with others • Because of earlier disappointments, some people find it difficult to form close relationships and remain isolated and lonely.
STAGE 7: GENERATIVITY VS. STAGNATION (ADULTHOOD) • Generativity means giving to the next generation through raising children, caring for others or productive work. • The person who fails to achieve this feels an absence of important accomplishments.
STAGE 8: INTEGRITY VS. DESPAIR (OLD AGE) • People in this stage reflect on the kind of person they’ve been throughout life. • They try to make sense of their previous experiences and assure themselves their lives have been meaningful. • Alternatively, they despair over their unachieved goals and wasted lives.