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Life stages and Life Roles. The changes we experience throughout the different stages of our lives. Need to know info:. Psychological theorist ERIK ERIKSON came up with the idea that at different stages of our lives, we change physically, emotionally and psychologically.

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life stages and life roles

Life stages and Life Roles

The changes we experience throughout the different stages of our lives

need to know info
Need to know info:
  • Psychological theorist ERIK ERIKSON came up with the idea that at different stages of our lives, we change physically, emotionally and psychologically.
  • There are 8 stages. All are important but because being a teenager can be tough, we’ll spend time looking at this stage so you can see how normal you really are.
slide3

THE STAGES

  • Infants need to learn to trust others to care for their basic needs or to mistrust them.
  • When they have people that offer warm, responsive care, infants will gain a sense or trust and confidence.
  • Mistrust will occur when the infant is made to wait too long for care/comfort and is handled badly.

STAGE 1: TRUST VS. MISTRUST

(Birth - 1 year)

slide4

STAGE 2:

AUTONOMY VS. SHAME AND DOUBT

(1 – 3 years)

  • Using their new mental and motor skills, children want to make their own decisions.
  • Autonomy is achieved when parents allow appropriate free choice and do not force shame on the child.
  • Forcing shame could result in the child doubting they can do things themselves

Potty training is a perfect example!!!

slide5

STAGE 3:

INITIATIVE VS. GUILT

(3 – 6 years)

  • Make believe play allows children to experiment with the kind of person they can become.
  • Initiative - a sense of ambition and responsibility develops when parents support their child’s new sense of purpose.
  • If they are not allowed to follow their own initiative (ie: parents are over controlling), they could feel guilty for their attempts to become independent.
slide6

STAGE 4:

INDUSTRY VS INFERIORITY

(6 – 11 years)

  • When children attend school they develop the capacity to work and cooperate with others (industry).
  • Inferiority develops when negative experiences at home, at school or with friends lead to feelings of incompetence.
slide7

STAGE 5:

IDENTITY VS. IDENTITY CONFUSION

(ADOLESCENCE)

  • THIS IS WHERE YOU ARE!!!!
  • Adolescents try to figure out who they are and where they belong in society. Social groups are VERY important.
  • Self-chosen values and occupational goals lead to a long lasting personal identity.
  • The negative outcome is confusion about future adult roles.
slide9

STAGE 6:

INTIMACY VS. ISOLATION

(EMERGING ADULTHOOD)

  • Young people work on establishing ties with others
  • Because of earlier disappointments, some people find it difficult to form close relationships and remain isolated and lonely.
slide10

STAGE 7:

GENERATIVITY VS. STAGNATION

(ADULTHOOD)

  • Generativity means giving to the next generation through raising children, caring for others or productive work.
  • The person who fails to achieve this feels an absence of important accomplishments.
slide11

STAGE 8:

INTEGRITY VS. DESPAIR

(OLD AGE)

  • People in this stage reflect on the kind of person they’ve been throughout life.
  • They try to make sense of their previous experiences and assure themselves their lives have been meaningful.
  • Alternatively, they despair over their unachieved goals and wasted lives.